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Thomas Coleman Tinnitus Miracle eBook .pdf



Nombre del archivo original: Thomas Coleman - Tinnitus Miracle eBook.pdf
Título: Tinnitus Miracle™ PDF, eBook by Thomas Coleman « ✔Truth & Facts ✔Real Results ✔Real Experiences ✔FAQ ~ ✘Reviews ✘Opinions ✘Scams
Autor: Proven Holistic System for Eliminating Tinnitus and Quieting The Noise in Your Head

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0BINTRODUCTION:

2

Tinnitus Miracle™
A Unique Easy To Follow 5-Step
Plan For Curing Tinnitus Using
Proven Holistic Strategies

By Thomas Coleman

Page 2

0BINTRODUCTION:

4

Disclaimer
While all attempts have been made to verify information that has been provided in
this publication, neither the Author nor the Publisher assumes any responsibility for

errors, omissions or contrary interpretations of the subject matter herein. Any
perceived slights of specific persons, peoples or organizations are unintentional. The

Author neither makes, nor attempts to make any diagnosis or cure, or prevent any
disease.

This publication is an informational product based on my own experience and
research, and it has not been evaluated by either the FDA or the medical profession,

and is not aimed to replace any advice you may receive from your medical

practitioner. The Author and Publisher assume no responsibility or liability
whatsoever on behalf of any purchaser or reader of these materials. The author is

not a doctor, nor does he claim to be. Please consult your primary care physician
before beginning any program of nutrition, exercise, or remedy. By consulting your

primary care physician, you will have a better opportunity to understand and
address your particular symptoms and situation in the most effective ways possible.

As always, before applying any treatment or attempting anything that has been
mentioned in this book, or if you are in doubt, you should consult your physician
and use your best judgment. If you fail to do so, you are acting at your own risk. You,

the buyer or reader of this book, alone assume all risk for anything you may learn
from this book. TinnitusMiracle.com, Higher Ways Publishing INC., the publisher

and Thomas Coleman are not liable or responsible for any increase in severity of
your Tinnitus, or for any health problem you may encounter should you give up
medical treatment.

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0BINTRODUCTION:

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By choosing to use the information made available on the Tinnitus Miracle website

and in this book, you agree to indemnify, defend, and hold harmless Higher Ways
Publishing Inc. and TinnitusMiracle.com from all claims (whether valid or invalid),

suits, judgment, proceedings, losses, damages, costs and expenses, of any nature
whatsoever (including reasonable attorney's fees) for which Higher Ways
Publishing Inc. and TinnitusMiracle.com may become liable, resulting from the use

or misuse of any products sold through the TinnitusMiracle.com website.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION: ............................................................................................................ 12

The Story of Tinnitus.................................................................................................... 12

My Story ......................................................................................................................... 13

What This Book is About ........................................................................................ 22

How This Book Is Organized ................................................................................. 23

Why Settle for Less Than a Cure?........................................................................ 26

Chapter One: .................................................................................................................... 28

How Your Hearing Works .......................................................................................... 28

The Outer Ear .............................................................................................................. 29

The Middle Ear ............................................................................................................ 32

The Inner Ear ............................................................................................................... 36

Maintaining Balance ................................................................................................. 37

The Vestibulocochlear Nerve................................................................................ 42

How Things Can Go Wrong .................................................................................... 43

Chapter Two: ................................................................................................................... 51

Everything You Need to Know ................................................................................. 51
About Tinnitus ................................................................................................................ 51

What Is This Noise in My Head? .......................................................................... 51
SIDEBAR: You’re in Good Company ................................................................ 55

Determining Your Tinnitus Type ........................................................................ 56

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The Noises You Hear ................................................................................................ 61

What Causes Tinnitus? ............................................................................................ 63
Let the Statistics Talk: A Closer Look at Two Important Surveys ........ 74

Today’s Treatments for Tinnitus ........................................................................ 79

Chapter Three: ................................................................................................................ 89

Diagnosing Your Tinnitus .......................................................................................... 89
Comparing Your Symptoms to Others’ ............................................................. 89

The Personality Characteristics ........................................................................... 91

That Sufferers Share ................................................................................................. 91

Getting Help: The Tinnitus Consultation and Examination ..................... 94

Testing for Tinnitus .................................................................................................. 98
The Emotional Side of Tinnitus..........................................................................101

Things That May Help Your Tinnitus ..............................................................104

Discovering Your SPADE Levels ........................................................................106

Case Studies................................................................................................................112

Chapter Four: ................................................................................................................121

Tinnitus and the Emotional Brain ........................................................................121
The Phantom Perception ......................................................................................121
Is It All In the Ear? ...................................................................................................122

SIDEBAR:

The Three Categories That Cause Tinnitus .........................123

Tinnitus and Your Inner Ear ...............................................................................125

Tinnitus and the Emotional Brain ....................................................................126

The Volume and Frequency of the Sounds You Hear ...............................128

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Understanding and Breaking the Vicious Cycle of Tinnitus ..................130

Chapter Five:..................................................................................................................132

The 5-Step Holistic Approach to Getting Rid of Your Tinnitus ................132

Step 1: ...............................................................................................................................133

Proven Dietary Changes and Herbal/Vitamin Supplementation To
Tackle Tinnitus .............................................................................................................133

How Food Allergies May Be Aggravating Your Tinnitus .........................134

A Healthy Diet for Someone with Tinnitus ...................................................135

Tinnitus Food Savers ..............................................................................................136

Tinnitus Food Sinners ............................................................................................139

What You Should Be Doing To Help Your Tinnitus ...................................141

Herbal Supplements That May Help ................................................................141

What Vitamins You Need to Reduce Your Tinnitus...................................147
How Exercise Can Help..........................................................................................148

Step 2: ...............................................................................................................................151

Powerful immune System Enhancenent plan to Reduce Tinnitus .........151
What is the Immune System? .............................................................................151

How Does the Immune System Work? ...........................................................153

How do Blood Cells Work?...................................................................................155

Building a Strong Immune System ...................................................................158

How Does Tinnitus Affect the Immune System? ........................................164
How Can Vitamins Help your Immune System? .........................................165

Foods to Boost Your Immune System .............................................................168

8 Great Immune Boosters ....................................................................................171
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Herbs for a Healthy Immune System...............................................................172

How exercise CAN Help you Get a Healthier Immune System .............173

Step 3: ...............................................................................................................................176

The 4-Point Tinnitus Retraining Program ........................................................176
Introduction:

The Treachery of Tinnitus .................................................176

How the NeuroPhysiological Model Works ..................................................177

Section One: The Components of the NeuroPhysiological Model .....185

Section Two: The Basics for the Retraining Plan .....................................194

Section Three: The 4-Step Retraining Plan to Get Rid of Tinnitus.....197

Step 4: ...............................................................................................................................232

Detoxifying and Cleansing Your Way to Tinnitus Freedom ......................232
Why Cleanse? .............................................................................................................232

General Fasting Guidelines ..................................................................................239
the Tinnitus miracle-Three-Day Juice Cleanse ............................................244

During The Juice Cleanse ......................................................................................256

Helping The Organs Of Elimination To Remove Toxins ..........................258
Preventing Re-Absorption of Toxins Into The Blood Stream ...............262

Colonics ........................................................................................................................270

The Healing Crisis and How To Survive It .....................................................272

Getting Rid Of Parasites – One-Week Program ...........................................275

Liver Detoxification ................................................................................................277

Step 5: ...............................................................................................................................280

Using Hypnotherapy to Reduce Tinnitus ..........................................................280

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Regression Therapy ................................................................................................282

Ego State (Parts) Therapy ....................................................................................282

Suggestive Therapy .................................................................................................283

Hypnosis Session For Tinnitus Reduction ....................................................284

What to Do During the Program ...........................................................................295

Reducing the Impact of Loud Noise .................................................................301

Trying Habituation Therapy ...............................................................................303

Helpful Suggestions for Dealing with Morning Tinnitus .........................304

How Stress Affects Tinnitus ................................................................................305
Reducing Stress ........................................................................................................306

Control Your Anger .................................................................................................309
Get Enough Sleep .....................................................................................................310

Taking an Active Role in Beating Tinnitus ....................................................311

Appendix I: .....................................................................................................................313

Alternative Medical Treatments for Tinnitus ..................................................313
Homeopathy ...............................................................................................................313

Acupuncture...............................................................................................................317

Yoga ...............................................................................................................................319

Osteopathy ..................................................................................................................321

Healing and Fringe Therapies ............................................................................321

Appendix 2: ....................................................................................................................323

Medications for Tinnitus ..........................................................................................323
Anti-Anxiety Medications .....................................................................................323

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Anti-Depressant Medications .............................................................................324

Anti-Convulsion Medications..............................................................................325

Special Note:...............................................................................................................326

Appendix 3: ....................................................................................................................327

Tinnitus Associations .................................................................................................327
The American Tinnitus Association .................................................................328

Tinnitus Association of Canada..........................................................................328

British Tinnitus Association ................................................................................329

Hope for Hearing Foundation .............................................................................329

H.E.A.R. (Hearing Education & Awareness for Rockers) .........................330

The National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication
Disorders .....................................................................................................................330

Vestibular Disorders Association......................................................................331

American Speech Language Hearing Association ......................................331

American Academy of Audiology ......................................................................332

Links & Other Resources ......................................................................................333

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INTRODUCTION:
THE STORY OF TINNITUS
If you or someone you know suffers from Tinnitus, you will know the

havoc it can cause and how it can wreak your life. Beyond just a ringing
in the ears, Tinnitus causes severe non-stop noise in the head. Some

people have actually gone mad and even committed suicide while trying
to stop these “thoughts.”

If you’re reading this book, then you know all about the decibel damage
Tinnitus can cause to your physical and emotional well being. No one

can truly understand the distress and frustration you are feeling unless

they’ve lived with this painful noise themselves. But I can! You see, I’ve
experienced exactly what you are experiencing right now – the

unrelenting buzz, ring and banging in my head that made me question

my own sanity. I too was a Tinnitus sufferer, with the important word
here being was.

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MY STORY

I was 29 years old and experiencing life at its fullest. My days were

hectic. I was handling responsibilities at work, and coming back home to

face homework with the kids; running them from activity to activity;
finding quality time for my spouse and all the other stuff modern

families have to deal with. The stress was mounting, but still I was in
control. Unfortunately, that was about to change.

One evening after work I headed to a local restaurant with some friends
for some much needed R&R. After spending three hours in the noisy

restaurant, sitting next to the piano player, my head ached as the dins of
the evening continued to ring in my head for hours.

The next morning I was surprised to notice that a slight ringing was still

left in my ears. Not thinking much of it, I headed off for another busy
day at the office. Little did I know that my life was about to take an
unexpected turn.

Within a few days, that slight ringing became a noticeable buzz, and it
was followed periodically by loud bangs. Before long, the noise that

started as a nuisance was beginning to grind on my nerves. My head felt
like it was going to explode. No matter what I tried, I could not get away

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from that ear piercing noise -- day or night it was there, and it was
beginning to take its toll.

A trip to my general practitioner did no good. He thought maybe it was

just a migraine induced by stress. I tried relaxing more, and that helped
(a little), but still I couldn’t get rid of that constant buzz in my ears.

Several weeks and several visits later, the doctor began to suspect that
something was indeed wrong, and initiated a series of tests to rule out

anything serious. After undergoing what seemed like endless round of
tests, we finally had a diagnosis: Tinnitus.

“Whew” I thought. “Now we can fix it.” It wasn’t long before my relief
turned into panic as the doctor explained that there is no cure, or even
much treatment for this condition. I would simply have to learn to live

with it like the thousands of other sufferers who are walking the planet.
“Live with this constant pounding in my head!” I thought. “How in the
world am I going to do that?”

After a couple of months, I went to see a doctor (who was also a

psychiatrist), and described the unbearable situation I was in. He

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recommended several prescription medications, anti-anxiety drugs,
muscle relaxers and a set of anti-depressants.

Needless to say, it didn't help at all.

I travelled from one doctor’s office to another looking for some relief –

any relief! The noise was growing worse – some days reaching 70 or

even 80 decibels – and I needed help!

My life was no longer my own. I couldn’t work (the loud noise in my

ears was making it impossible to deal with my many responsibilities at
the office); I was short tempered with my family (after all, they didn’t
realize that every little noise they made aggravated an already

precarious situation); my health was suffering (I couldn’t eat or sleep
normally); and I was becoming more and more depressed. I was

reaching my breaking point and I knew it. Something had to be done
and it had to be done quickly, or I was going to lose my mind. It was

time to take action!

I took a few weeks off from my work. I switched several doctors and

complained about the stabbing pulsing sounds and other symptoms I

was experiencing. But it seemed that surgery was the only option – this
was the only answer I got. Unbelievable I thought, only to later find out

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that in the vast majority of cases, surgeries are completely unnecessary
and can often lead to irreversible results.

Deep down, I felt that there must be another option, a healthier
alternative.

I stopped taking the prescription medications and muscle relaxers. I was
determined to find a natural solution to my problem, despite what my
doctors had recommended.

I became obsessed with the subjects of holistic health and nutrition. I
wanted to find out everything there was to know about how to cure

Tinnitus and prevent it permanently – I was absolutely consumed by

this quest. So I started studying - and hard! I bought every book on ear

infections, nerve damage, sinus issues, sound therapies, oriental

medicine, detoxing, dieting, and nutrition that I could get my hands on.
I spent hours at the library swallowing stacks of books, journals and

magazines about Tinnitus, hearing loss, and nutrition and I read every

word. I have literally read hundreds of medicine books from cover to

cover. My library quickly grew to over 537 health and nutrition books,

and I had read every word almost to the point of memorizing them.

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But I didn't just read. I interviewed countless other Tinnitus sufferers

and endlessly picked the brains of every doctor, herbalist, homeopath

and naturopath... those who were kind enough to lend me a few minutes
of their time and fragments of their expertise and knowledge to help me
find a solid solution to my Tinnitus.

Book knowledge and interviews is one thing, but it's not the same as

knowledge from actual experience. Scientific facts, figures and theories
weren't enough.

I tried other types of prescription drugs (anti-anxieties and anti-

depressants) and took muscle relaxers, vitamins and oriental medicinal
herbs daily with high hopes for a change. I bought numerous "white
noise" CDs and attended plenty of noise therapies, but to no avail.

I have also tried every Tinnitus treatment known to science and natural

health with conviction, desire and hope that it will make a difference. I
sincerely hoped that it will finally eliminate my Tinnitus and bring me
my life back.

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Over the years I have spent a small fortune trying every type of product
and treatment you can think of. I have tried: herbal remedies, Cellfood

Oxygen, tonics, habituation, detox diets, vitamin therapy, hydrotherapy,
aromatherapy, macrobiotics, reflexology, Chinese Medicine,

vegetarianism, the Wai diet, magnetic therapy, the mucus-less diet, the

blood type diet, psychiatric treatments and what not.

While I did find some minor relief, it was always temporary and the
ringing in my ears came back with a vengeance, and sometimes it

became even worse than what it was before the treatments. I just could

not sleep. I was stressed, angry and depressed all the time. The extreme

sleep-deprivation along with the immense anxiety and stress I was

experiencing, took its toll and I even started to hallucinate. I started to

see blinding lights in the middle of the day as I was walking or driving,

and there were many other weird experiences as a result of the extreme

emotional state I was in. My condition had become much more

dangerous and frightening than ever, when I almost crashed into a

street sign on the way to my doctor.

Tinnitus was now a lot more than a tormenting noise in my ears. It had

become a real and meaningful threat to my life.

Facing no other choice due to the extreme condition I was in, and its

potential consequences, I scheduled a surgery to fix my Tinnitus with

high hopes that this was the final resort. I wasn't specifically thrilled by
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the idea, but after my doctor mentioned the success rate of all Tinnitus
surgeries and praised their effectiveness at reversing the disease, I
decided to go under the knife.

The surgery took about 4 hours, and after I woke up, I felt an amazing

relief. Several days after I was released from the hospital, the operation
seemed to be working. The volume of the ringing in my ears had

decreased and it seemed that there was finally hope for me. I started

sleeping better at nights and became the old relaxed fellow my loved
ones had known to appreciate and relate to.

But my hopes soon crashed. In less than a month, I started feeling an

excruciating pain and pressure in my ears and the ringing in my ears

were back - but this time the noise was louder than ever. I seriously felt

like my eardrums were about to explode. What a NIGHTMARE I thought!
My worst fears had come true. I immediately called my doctor and

shouted that my Tinnitus was back and it was even worse. I already
knew what he was going to say: that it takes several months to see

results and sometimes the condition becomes severe before the patient
experiences relief (as I read about the recovery process of Tinnitus

surgeries years before) - but this was not a recovery process! I tried

with all my powers to convince my doctor that such a loud noise cannot

be part of any recovery and that, the surgery had probably failed. But all

my arguments fell on deaf ears.

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Three months went by slowly and painfully and by the fourth month, as
my Tinnitus condition became worse than ever, I visited my doctor. He

apologized in a very formal and polite manner and said he was sorry
that the operation did not work, and that he could not help me.

Out of sheer desperation, I purchased additional alternative medicine

books on Tinnitus and was amazed to find out that most, if not all of
them, offered partial dietary advice along with vitamins and special
herbal supplements. These approaches don't work either! I know
because I tried them all, and I still suffered from severe Tinnitus.

Not the kind of person who readily gives up, I decided enough was

enough. If the dozen or so doctors that I had seen couldn’t offer any

help, I would find it on my own. Maybe it was frustration, or maybe it

was a sense of self preservation that drove me forward on my quest to
treat my own Tinnitus, but I was determined to find a cure for myself
and the others like me – and guess what -- I did!

Sure, it took months of reading, studying and experimenting, but I

finally found the right combination of treatments that have since

eliminated the noise I hear in my ears. I’ve reclaimed my life and you
can too!

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After more than 12 years of diligent work and in depth research on a

daily basis, after experiencing several eureka moments and after a long

process of trial and error and dozens of interviews and self experiments,
I applied my years of training to finally uncover the solution to Tinnitus.
From all the truths and evidence, misconceptions and lies... the Tinnitus
puzzle was finally solved. It took me more than a year to polish and

refine my discovery and in the end, I applied it myself with great hopes

and passion and to my sheer amazement it worked - after few weeks of

following it.

It took me a few years with a lot of research to get where I am today. To
know exactly what works and what doesn't. Yes, after desperate trial

and error, countless rounds of useless treatments, disappointments and
agony, a simple holistic system opened the door to my new and much

brighter Tinnitus free life. I was also excited to see that my Tinnitus and
other related symptoms (such as the minor hearing loss I had) had

completely diminished. After years of suffering, I was finally free from

Tinnitus!

Now, I’m no medical doctor and I can’t promise you that you will find

instant relief from your Tinnitus symptoms. But, I do know that there is
help out there. Through the years that have followed since my own
battle with this horrendous condition, I have uncovered dozens of

homeopathic remedies for treating and curing Tinnitus, and I’m going to
share them all with you in the pages to come.

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WHAT THIS BOOK IS ABOUT

This is not your standard book on Tinnitus. My guide goes beyond

explaining what Tinnitus is (although I do that too). I’ve designed this

book to be a road map to recovery, walking you through every stage of
the disease from diagnosis and testing to traditional as well as holistic

treatment, to help you find your own path toward the freedom from the
noise that is disrupting – and ruining – your life.

I’ve been where you are, and that’s why I’ve written this book: to share
what I’ve learned with other sufferers to help you overcome your own

Tinnitus, and finally find relief from the constant buzzing, hissing,

humming, swooshing, screeching, ringing and other sounds that are
filling your head and disrupting your life.

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HOW THIS BOOK IS ORGANIZED

I’ve organized this book in several sections, beginning with an

introduction of the ear and how your hearing works. After all, if you
don’t completely understand how your body is intended to function,
how can you figure out how best to treat it when things go awry?

Next, I’ll explain to you what Tinnitus is, and what may be causing your
symptoms. I’ll also offer some simple lifestyle changes that you can

adopt in your daily routine to help relieve some of the noise you are
hearing until you can find your own complete cure.

In section three, the guide will focus on the statistics of Tinnitus, and

offer you a survey to take, to see the degree of your symptoms so that
you can devise a better treatment plan.

Once you know what Tinnitus is; how it is caused and what type of
Tinnitus you suffer from, it’s time to look at some basic treatment
options that are available. This will help you get started on your

recovery journey, while you learn more about diagnosis, triggers and
more.

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Some of the traditional and holistic treatments discussed in this section
include:

• acupuncture

• vitamin & mineral therapies

• herbs

• laser treatments

• Tinnitus retraining

• ECT

• Maskers

• Drugs & Steroids

• Neuronomics

• DTM System

• Ear Candling
• Hydergine

• Hypnotherapy and Biofeedback
Of course, you can’t figure out the right treatment for Tinnitus until you
have a solid diagnosis. So that’s what we’ll discuss in the next chapter:
recognizing your symptoms; getting tested for Tinnitus; learning the

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role emotions play in treatment and diagnosis; figuring out your

individual symptom triggers; measuring the sounds you hear; and more.
As an added bonus, I have also included a section in the book to explain
Tinnitus and the Emotional Brain. This section will discuss Phantom

Perception; how Tinnitus affects the inner ear and your emotional brain.
Finally, in the last section of the book, I’ll outline my own 5-Step Holistic

Plan to Getting Rid of Tinnitus called “From Noise to Silence.”

I consider this the most important section of the book since it gives you
practical ways to stop the noise in your head once and for all. Here is
just a sampling of what you’ll learn in the last section of the book:

Step One: How your diet can increase the severity of your symptoms,

and how simple dietary changes and Vitamin supplements can actually

decrease the noise levels you hear in your ears and head?

Step Two: How to use your immune system to better control (and even
eliminate) your Tinnitus symptoms?

Step Three: A Powerful 4 Point Tinnitus Retraining Program

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Step Four: The Tinnitus Miracle – Unique Detoxification and Liver

Cleansing Protocol.

Step Five: Using Hypnotherapy to tune out your Tinnitus. This section
includes a unique script for self hypnosis that has proved to decrease

the volume, intensity and frequency of Tinnitus and it can help you relax
and regain your inner peace as well.

While instituting the five step program, you’ll also learn what role stress
plays in increasing your Tinnitus symptoms, and how to be more active

in beating and combating stress in your life so that you can live without

Tinnitus. Other important things you’ll learn include:

• how to use sleep and exercise to your advantage

• recognizing and eliminating harmful toxins from your
environment

• reducing the impact loud noises will have on your treatment

• treating your Tinnitus using Habituation Therapy

WHY SETTLE FOR LESS THAN A CURE?
The odds are, you have heard it over and over again: there’s no

treatment for Tinnitus - learn to live with it. I ask: Why? Just because

today’s scientists haven’t yet found a “drug” that works to treat all types
of Tinnitus, it doesn’t mean that there isn’t a way to stop those

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symptoms and live noise free! Tinnitus affects one in ten people. Isn’t it
about time they find a relief? I say yes, and I’m going to show you how!
If you are ready to take back the control Tinnitus has taken from your

life and experience a quieter and calmer existence, than keep reading:
you are about to get started on the path toward a whole new life. Still

skeptical? Keep reading anyway. After all, what do you have to lose but
a little excess noise?

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CHAPTER ONE:
HOW YOUR HEARING WORKS
Before we can even begin to discuss the causes of Tinnitus and how to

get rid of it, you must first understand how your hearing works. So, let’s
learn more about the workings of the ear…

Although we use our sense of hearing all day, every day, most of us take
it for granted until there is a problem. Whether it’s the annoyance of a

constantly ringing phone or a sweet whisper from a loved one, hearing
is one of the most important ways we experience and interact with the
world. Scientists are learning more and more about how the sounds
that enter our ears are translated into information that we need to
understand the world around us. The process by which sound is

captured and funneled into our ears is simply mechanical - it is not a

chemical process like the others that are related to our senses of sight,
taste and smell. As we will see, each part of the ear has a job to do in
collecting and transporting sound to the brain.

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THE OUTER EAR

When we think of our ears, we generally think of the pinnae, which are

the visible protrusions of our ears. Some of us may have large ears,

others small, but they all serve the same function: to collect the sounds
around us and transport them to the inner ear where they are sent as

signals to the brain. The shape of our ears is ingenious—the curves of

the outer ear, which are made up of cartilage, are not simply decorative,

they serve to funnel the sounds in the atmosphere into the ear canal.
The ear is actually much more than what is visible to the eye.
How sound is Made and Carried
To understand the function of the ears, we should take a moment to

discuss how sound is created and how it travels. Sound waves are the
result of vibrations that travel through our atmosphere - basically the
bumping together of particles of matter through the collision of air
particles.

Wherever the vibration is made, the sound will be carried, even in water
or in earth.

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The speed of the vibrations created by an object which is emitting

sound, make a difference in the pitch of the sound we are able to hear. A
high pitched sound is the result of very quick vibrations; and a low

pitched sound, conversely, is the effect of slow vibrations. These sound
waves are picked up by the outer ear and channeled into the interior
components of your ear.
Designed for Hearing
Humans have pinnae (the outermost part of the ear) which point

forward and have a myriad of curves that catch the sounds that are

traveling all around us. Unlike other mammals, human beings cannot

move their ears in the direction of sounds. If you have a dog, you have
probably seen him perk up his ears and turn them to the side and

forward again, attempting to find the source of the noise. Predatory
animals as well as their prey use their ears to hunt and to hide,

respectively. Human ears are positioned more for communication than
for hunting, but you can augment your ability to hear by cupping your

hand behind your ear, and this channelizes the sound more effectively.
If you have larger than average ears, take heart - you actually hear

better than your smaller eared friends, because your large pinnae can
collect more sound than smaller ones!

Our brains are able to interpret the distance and placement of sound
because of the way the sounds reach our outer ears. A sound that is

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31

coming from the front of you will be collected and channeled, and then
translated differently from those sounds that are coming from behind

your back. You are able to place the sound horizontally - whether it is
coming from the left or right because the sound waves will actually
reach the respective ear faster. If your son is calling you and he is

standing to your left, the vibrations he is creating will hit your left ear

before they make it to the right. The information that gets transferred
to the brain will alert you that the sound is coming from your left side.
The Ear Canal
Measuring roughly an inch in length and about ¼ inch in diameter, the
ear canal carries the sound that is captured by the pinnae into the

middle ear - to the eardrum. The canal is funnel shaped and sloped to
ensure that no water is collected close to the eardrum under normal

conditions. It is sized and shaped for maximum efficiency in delivering
sound to the middle and the inner ear, and also to keep the area free
from infection.
Earwax
Earwax, also known as cerumen, is produced in the outer part of the ear
canal to lubricate and clean the interior part of the canal. Earwax

should not cause problems for most people as it helps to rid the ear

canal from dead skin cells. Earwax also defends the ear against dirt and

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32

infection. Many people resort to using cotton swabs to remove earwax
and actually end up doing more harm than good when they push the
wax back into the ear canal towards the eardrum. When it comes to

wax, a hand off approach is best and you should never put anything into
the ear canal.

THE MIDDLE EAR

The Eardrum
As sound waves travel down the ear canal, they will quickly move

through the outer ear and hit what we generally refer to as the eardrum.
This tympanic membrane separates the outer ear from the middle ear

and serves as the sensory component of the ear. This tiny membrane is

not even half inch in size, but it is constantly working and responding to
the many air fluctuations that occur in the atmosphere. Every sound
wave that enters the ear canal through the outer ear will hit the ear

drum and cause a reaction.

The stiff and rigid piece of skin will be pushed back and forth by the air

particles of sound in relation to their pitch, volume and even distance. A
high pitched sound will vibrate the tympanic membrane very quickly; a
loud sound will vibrate it for longer intervals to represent the intensity

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33

of sound. The eardrum is the beginning of the interpretation of sound
waves into information for the brain to process.

In situations where there are competing levels of sound, the eardrum

will help you to focus and concentrate your hearing on higher pitched

sounds, and essentially drown out the louder and lower pitched sounds.
This would come into play if you are on the playground with your kids
and you are trying to carry on a conversation with your friend. Your

eardrum helps you zero in on what your friend is saying and relegate

the playground noise to the background. When auditory conditions are
less than optimal, the eardrum will actually protect you from loud and

harmful noises. A very loud low pitched sound will cause the tympanic
muscle to contract sharply and not vibrate in its normal way, thus
lessening the amount of sound that will travel to the brain.
The Ossicles
So far, sound waves have traveled through the air. First, a sound was
collected by the pinnae and pushed into the ear canal; second, the

eardrum reacted to that sound by vibrating according to the pitch and
volume. The next section of the middle ear will do the work of

amplifying that sound so that when it reaches the fluid of the inner ear,

it can stand up to the increased inertia that awaits it. The Ossicles are a
series of bones that react in conjunction with the vibrations created by
the eardrum. If you can imagine a set of dominoes - with each one

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34

tipping over the next, you will have some idea of how these bones work
in conjunction with each other to transfer the vibrations from the ear
drum into the inner ear.

As we have already discovered, the middle ear is an air filled space that
is occupied by three tiny bones: the malleus, the incus and the stapes.
Commonly referred to as the hammer, the anvil and the stirrup

respectively, these bones, although very small, do the big job of moving
sounds into the inner ear. When the eardrum vibrates, it transfers that

energy to the malleus, which is actually connected to the eardrum. The
malleus moves back and forth, side to side; and this in turn moves the

next attached bone, the incus. The incus takes that energy and transfers
it to the stapes. The stapes is positioned to impact the cochlea, which

make up the fluid filled chamber of the inner ear.

Amplification takes place in the middle ear because the bones are

perfectly designed to work together, and their interaction increases the
forces of pressure on the cochlea as they bump up against each other.

The size of the eardrum in comparison to the size of the bones helps this
amplification process. Because the eardrum is larger than the Ossicles,
the energy can be actually multiplied as it is conducted through these

bones. The smaller parts sustain a greater impact, and therefore pass

on more energy to the next component than the eardrum would on its
own.

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The Eustachian Tube
Anyone who has ever suffered a head cold knows that the ears are

connected to the nose, and this connection occurs in the middle ear

through the Eustachian tube. A small tube leads from the middle ear to
the Nasopharynx. The tube supplies the counter-pressure of air to the

eardrum, making the air pressure on both sides of the small drum equal.
It also helps to clear the middle ear of congestion and in doing so,

prevents any infection. If you have felt the sensation of popping in your
ear, it is the effect of air pressure on the Eustachian tube versus the
exterior pressure of the ear canal.

When you yawn, chew or swallow, you usually hear a small clicking

sound in the ear - this is the pressure equalizing between the Eustachian
Tube and the ear canal. If you have flown in a plane, you may have

experienced popping and clogging of your ears - maybe you chewed

gum or tried to yawn to rid yourself of this annoying sensation. You

were letting the interior pressure that is provided by the Eustachian

tube through the Nasopharynx to rise to an equal level with the exterior
pressure that was passing into the ear canal. If this cannot be achieved,

as is the case with a person who flies when he or she has a cold or sinus
congestion, it can be very painful and can even cause the eardrum to
burst.

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THE INNER EAR

As we continue our journey into the ear, let’s revisit what we have

already discussed. Sounds created by compression and rarefaction in
the atmosphere are collected by our ears - namely the pinnae or

external protrusion of the outer ear. This sound travels down the
funnel-like ear canal until it reaches the ear drum. This tympanic

membrane vibrates in response to the moving air particles that make up
sounds waves. This vibration puts into motion the Ossicles - the tiny
bone structures that transfers the mechanical energy of sound and

amplifies it as it passes through each in turn: the malleus, the incus, and
the stapes. Once the stapes receives the amplified vibrations, it impacts
the cochlea and brings us to the inner ear.

Up to this point, all sound has been traveling through air. But at the

inner ear, sound will encounter fluid for the first time and the way in
which it travels to the brain changes dramatically. The inner ear is

commonly referred to as the labyrinth due to the shell-like cochlea that

makes up the space. Much of the work of hearing is done in the inner

ear, and it is the last stop for sounds as they make their way to the brain
in the form of information.

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The scala tympani, the scala vestibuli, and the scala media are the tubes

in the inner ear, and they are curved together into a shape that appears
like the shell of a snail. These tubes are separated by extremely thin
membranes that move the sound along the tubes, and move the

pressure that is created when the stapes moves against the cochlea as a

whole. The basilar membrane is made up of tiny hair cells – there are
tens of thousands of them, which react to differing frequencies in the

sound that is being pushed through the cochlea. The hair cells identify
resonant frequencies in the sound waves that are transferred through

the cochlea. These create electrical impulses that are transported to the
brain and interpreted as recognizable sounds.

Scientists are still working on a thorough understanding of just how the
brain is able to interpret these electrical pulses into language, music, or
just plain noise. The ear is a complicated and sophisticated system,
which takes an external stimulus and uses mechanical energy to

transfer that information to the brain. As we learn more and more
about how we hear and what we hear, the ear appears even more
remarkable!

MAINTAINING BALANCE

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There is more going on in the ear than just hearing, though that one

activity is amazing in itself. The ear is part of the body’s mechanism of
balance that involves sight, input from the muscles, and the vestibular

system of the inner ear. The vestibular system is the central command

of balance in our bodies, and if things aren’t functioning correctly in this
small part of the inner ear, it can mean big trouble for our whole body.

It’s hard to imagine that an area so tiny could control so much! But, the
inner ear is responsible not only for hearing, but also for maintaining
balance.

The vestibular system
There are three semi-circular canals in the inner ear and these, along

with the utricle and the saccule make up the vestibular system, which
controls balance and gives us a sense of our body’s position.

If you have ever spun around to make yourself dizzy (or watched

someone else do it), you were witnessing this system at work. The fluid
in the semi-circular canals act in response to our movements: in this

case the spinning. When you stopped spinning, the fluid kept spinning
for a moment or two, or longer. If you were spinning for a long time, it

gave you that “off-balance” feeling. You essentially played a trick on

your vestibular system to make yourself dizzy, and your muscles

responded to that trick by functioning incorrectly, and this is what made
it difficult for you to stand or walk. Basically, your vestibular system

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was giving your brain the signal that you were still spinning, when in
fact, you had stopped.

Let’s take a closer look at what happens in the inner ear with regards to

balance to get a better understanding of the importance of this function.
The utricle and saccule determine the position of your head all the time,
every moment of your day. As you turn your head from side to side,

these two fluid filled cavities send signals to the rest of your body to

adjust and adapt to the changes. We are designed to keep the head in
line with the body, and these two do the work. They contain not only

fluid, but also tiny hairs that are suspended in a jelly like substance as

well as crystals or chalky substances that interacts with the hairs in the
utricle and saccule. These crystals get pushed up against the hairs that
are dependent on the movement perceived by the inner ear.

The three semi-circular canals serve much the same purpose, but they

sense movement, rather than the head position. They are in

perpendicular position to each other so that they are able to detect all
types of movements, and send the necessary signals to the brain to

maintain balance throughout the body. They also contain hair cells that
act in response to the movement, and generate the information that is

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carried to the brain, and then to the muscles in your body to keep you
from feeling dizzy.

The Other components
The inner ear is like home base for the system of balance we rely on

every day, often without even thinking about it. The other components
that work in conjunction with the inner ear are also essential to

maintain balance and interpret the signals that originate in the inner
ear.

Sight is an important factor in maintaining balance. Signals the inner

ear is sending about head positioning and movement will generally be

aligned with the signals your eyes are sending. It is primarily because of
this that we see what we feel. In some situations however, there is a

mismatch, and this can leave you feeling queasy and nauseous, or it can
also give you a terrible headache. Consider the plight of the child with

car-sickness. Sitting in a car may not look like movement in the way we

normally think about it. In other words, the child isn’t running or

spinning, or playing, but his body, particularly the inner ear, is sending

signals that he is in movement. If he is looking down and reading while
riding in the car, his eyes will signal that he is still, but his vestibular
system is responding to every curve in the road. The sight doesn’t
match the feeling and he will end up not feeling so good.

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The cerebellum is the portion of the brain that is connected to the

vestibular nerve, which transmits signals regarding balance to the brain.
When a sudden loss of balance (such as missing a step on your way

upstairs or stubbing your toe) occurs, the brain gets an instant message
that there is danger to the system of balance. Involuntarily, you will

move an arm or shift your weight to the other foot to keep your balance
and avoid a fall. This is your vestibular system at work.

Your muscles are the final component in the system and when

everything is working correctly, they receive the information from the

brain to keep your body in line. Picture a child walking along a wall or a

beam: the child will effortlessly know when to put a hand out to the side
or how to correct his/her posture to keep balance and stay on the line.

Now, picture an inebriated adult trying to pass a sobriety test. The

person’s brain function is impaired by alcohol and the messages from
the brain to the muscles are slow and fuzzy. No matter how much

he/she tries, the person will be unable to walk a straight line by putting
one foot in front of the other.

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THE VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE

The nerve that takes the information, both auditory (sound) and

vestibular (balance) to the brain is known as the Vestibulocochlear

nerve. One of the 12 cranial nerves, this sensory nerve is responsible

for the transmission of information about the sounds that enter the ear
canal and the movement of the head or body.

Just imagine yourself on an amusement park ride, such as a roller

coaster. Your ears are in overdrive as the sounds of the screams around

you, and maybe your own, are entering your ears. At the same time,

your vestibular system is working hard to make sense of all the input it
is receiving in terms of both head position and movement. Your eyes

are probably sending mixed signals to your cerebellum, and you will feel
that jump in your stomach when you are going over each hill on the

coaster. Your Vestibulocochlear nerve is taking all this information and
passing it on to your brain, which in turn is making sense of it all and
sending its own information to the muscles to compensate for all the
competing signals it has been given.

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HOW THINGS CAN GO WRONG

We’ve talked a lot about how your ears work, how they allow you to

collect and interpret sound, and even how the fluid in your ears can help
you maintain balance. Most of this happens every day, every minute of

every day, and without much notice. You may remember certain sounds
you have heard, your baby’s cry, your mother’s voice on the phone, or

your children’s laughter, but you won’t be thinking about the mechanics
of hearing or balance too much, unless there is something wrong and
only when it is not working as it should.

There are many factors that influence your ability to hear and hear well,
and your sense of balance. Even the smallest thing, like an

overabundance of earwax, can undermine your hearing. Of course,

there are also serious hearing and balance problems that need to be

treated medically. Let’s take a look at the most common hearing and
balance difficulties.
Swimmer’s Ear
This has been named swimmer’s ear because it generally occurs when

the ear has been exposed to water or humidity for an extended period of
time. This condition is also known as acute external otitis because it is

an infection of the ear canal. When the ears are frequently submersed
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in water, the production of cerumen, or earwax and its acidity (that

normally protects the canal) are diminished. This leaves the ear canal
vulnerable to bacterial infection.

While swimmer’s ear is not generally serious, it should be treated by a

physician to avoid a chronic condition or even cellulitis, which is a deep

tissue infection that can become very serious. A person with swimmer’s
ear will experience pain, especially when the outer ear (pinnae) is

touched or moved. A reduction in hearing is normal as the sufferer will

hear sounds in a muffled way, because the sound funneling capability of
the ear canal is diminished. Usually treated with a topical ear drop,

swimmer’s ear is a common, but usually not severe, condition of the
ears.

Earwax Impaction
One of the most common causes of a decrease in hearing is the

overabundance of ear wax in the ear canal. Some people just produce
more earwax (a condition that is medically known as cerumen) than

others and their ears do not easily rid themselves of the skin cells and
other foreign matter that the earwax collects. Also, many people
mistakenly use cotton swabs in an effort to remove troublesome

earwax, unknowingly making the problem worse by pushing the wax

back into the canal to the ear drum. Your doctor will tell you that you
should never put anything into the ear canal. You should rather use a

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washcloth on the external portion of the ear. This should be enough to
keep your ears clean.

There are many over the counter remedies that can help in earwax

removal. Most of them depend on a combination of peroxides and oils to
soften and remove the earwax slowly. If the problem becomes too

difficult to handle, a doctor should be consulted to thoroughly remove
the impacted wax. Many people with this problem don’t even realize
that their hearing has been impaired by it until they have the wax
removed.

Ear Infection
Otitis Media, or a middle ear infection, seems to be part of childhood,
and indeed, this is one of the most common childhood illnesses. The

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
estimates that three out of four children have had at least one ear

infection by the age of three. Untreated, ear infections can lead to

permanent hearing loss. Many children who suffer from chronic ear

infections will experience some loss of hearing. The first line of defense
against ear infection will be the use of antibiotic. When a child either

becomes resistant to the medication or simply continues to suffer with
ear infections regardless of treatment, a myringotomy is performed.

This procedure, done under general anesthesia, involves the placement

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of drainage tubes in the ear canal that remove the fluid buildup

associated with frequent ear infections.

Middle ear infections are rarely a problem for adults, but they can still

happen. This treatable illness should not lead to long-term hearing loss
if it is diagnosed on time and treated appropriately.
Meniere’s Disease
A serious condition of the inner ear that affects both hearing and

balance, Meniere’s Disease affects about half a million people in the

United States. Commonly attributed to an imbalance in the fluid in the

inner ear, which is responsible for hearing and to maintain balance, this
disease is most common in middle aged people. The main symptoms of
Meniere’s Disease are vertigo, loss of hearing, Tinnitus and aural
fullness.

Vertigo is the term for the sudden feeling of a loss of balance that is

inconsistent with your actual surroundings. Tinnitus (which we will

revisit in the next section) is the sensation of ringing in the ears. Aural
fullness refers to a blocked feeling in the ear canal. With Meniere’s

Disease, the symptoms are generally one-sided in respect to the hearing

problems. The disease can cause lifestyle complications as the sufferer
would be battling hearing loss and dizziness. It also shares some

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symptoms with other more serious conditions such as high blood

pressure, or heart disease, and so a doctor should be consulted to rule
out other serious conditions and to treat the illness.

Common treatments for Meniere’s Disease include anti-nausea

medications and diuretics, as well as lifestyle changes such as reducing
salt intake and avoiding caffeine. In severe cases, surgery may be the
only option to regain balance.

Tinnitus
Of course Tinnitus is the reason why you’re reading his book, so let’s

take a quick peek at the condition. Commonly experienced as a ringing
in the ears, Tinnitus is a condition that affects many people, and the

causes can vary from something as simple as ear wax blockage or stress,
to the serious condition of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries.
A person with Tinnitus will complain of ringing, whistling, buzzing or

other persistent noise, in the absence of a source of this noise. For some
people it is a constant sound, for others it comes in short spurts. In
either case, it is an annoyance and can be a signal of underlying

problems in the ear or elsewhere. Subjective Tinnitus is the condition

where only the person suffering with the condition can hear the sounds;
and objective Tinnitus can be heard by a doctor when examining a
patient.

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Some of the causes of Tinnitus include:
• Earwax buildup

• Age related hearing loss

• Extended exposure to loud noises

• Inner ear damage

• The presence of tumors in the head and neck

• High blood pressure
• Hardened arteries

• Use of some medications such as antibiotics and
diuretics as well as aspirin

Tinnitus can develop in people of all ages, but is most common in men
over the age of 65. You are also at risk of developing the condition if

you have been repeatedly exposed to high noise levels over a period of
time, such as working on a construction site without ear protection.

There are few medications that can safely and effectively treat Tinnitus lifestyle changes and ear wax removals are good first steps toward
alleviating the symptoms of Tinnitus. Changes in medication or

addressing such issues as high blood pressure may help, as well as a

thorough cleaning (by your doctor) of the ear canal. Hearing aids may
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be of assistance, as well as white noise machines that help to mask the
constant noise occurring in the ears. Doctors have found that certain

anti-depressants may help with Tinnitus, but the side effects make them

a last resort. Prevention may be the best defense against Tinnitus, of

course, if you don’t have it already. Protecting the ears from loud noise,

whether you are using the lawnmower or going to a concert, will go a

long way toward ensuring your auditory health in the future. Keeping
your cardiovascular system healthy is another indirect way to protect
yourself against a myriad of illnesses, even those that are not directly
associated with the heart.
The Amazing Ear
From the outer ear to the inner ear, this small sensory organ does a big
job, and one we usually take for granted as long as everything is

working as it should. On taking a closer look however, it should amaze
us when we find just how perfectly and ingeniously our ears really

function. As you are reading this, your ears are responding to the sound
waves in the air around you - maybe you have the radio on and music is

playing, or maybe someone in your family is talking on the phone. You

are able to make sense of that input even as you are able to concentrate
on reading this article.

Your ears collect sound and transfer it as mechanical energy to the

brain, where it is translated and understood as language, music and
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sound. You are able to tell the difference between people’s voices and

even tell if your best friend has a cold when you are talking to her on the
phone. The human ear is an amazing organ that is able to control both
sound and balance and keep the entire body on an even footing.

Page 50


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