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first
specifications

Unit

1

Bands and fans
p.6

Grammar

Vocabulary

Reading

Present simple and continuous p.1 0
Habit in the past: used to/would p.1 3

Free t ime activities: verb/noun collocations p.6
Deducing wo rds in context p.9
Ph rasa l ve rbs with take p. l l

Are music 'tribes' a thing of the past?

Formation of adjectives p.17
Extreme adject ives p. 19
Phrasal ve rbs p.20

Friend or enemy?

music

2

Relative values
p.16

Adverbs p.19
Ve rb patterns: ~ing/ i nfinit i ve p.22

fam ily

3

Things that matter

Present perfect and past simp le p.28

p.26

as and like p.29

happiness

4

Battling nature
p.36

Compa ring p.32
Narrative forms p.38
Art icles pA2

survival

5

Eat your heart out!
pA6

food

-ed adjectives and preposit ions p.27
Money p.30

Gapped text (Part 6)
p.8
Mult iple match ing (Pa rt 7)
p.20
Multiple cho ice (Part 5)

All you need is love (and a scarf)
p.26

Id ioms: the body p.37
Collocations and idioms: weather pAD
Negative prefixes pA3

Countable and uncountable nouns pA7
Expressions of quantity pA7
Passive forms p.52
Passive reporting verbs p.52

Food around t he world pA6
Phrasa l verbs with turn p.50

Fut ure forms p.61
Future perfect and continuous p.64

The art s p.59
Word forma tion: adjectives from nouns; nou ns
from verbs p.62
Expressions with get p.65

Mu ltiple match ing (Pa rt 7)

Battling with nature
pAO
Multiple choice (Part 5)

The most famous restaurant critic
in America
p.50

Progress test 1 p.55

6

On camera
p.58

entertainment

7

A home from home
p.68

places

8

Moving on
p.78

work

9

Lucky break?
p.88

Virtual friends
p.98

friendship

The fu ture of entertainment
p.62

Moda l verbs: possibility and certainty p.70
Relative clauses p.74
so. such. too, enough, very p.75

Deducing meaning p.69
Desc ribing places p.72
Travel and expressio ns wit h world p.73

Multiple choice (Pa rt 5)
Novel extract: Brooklyn
p.69

Reporting verbs p.81
Reported statements p.84
Reported questions and impe ratives p.84

Co llocat ions and phrasa l verbs with work p.79
li nki ng words and expressions p.82
Concrete and abstra ct nou ns p.85

To the endsof the earth

Cond itional form s p.9l
Th ird cond itional p.9S

Co llocations: success and failure p.89
Word-bu ild ing p.93
Co llocat ions with luck p.94

Gapped text (Part 6)

Cond itiona ls: alternatives to if p.l 00
Participles (-ing and -ed) p.l 04
Emphasis with what p.l05

Adject ives with self p.99
Easily co nfused adjectives p.l 01
Co mpou nd adjectives: persona lity p. l 03

Mu lt iple choice (Part 5)

Mixed cond it iona ls p.11 2
Hypot hetica l mean ing: wish and i(only
p. 116

Using prefixes to wo rk out meaning p. l l 0
Ve rbs. nou ns and adjectives p. 11 3
Adjectives and verbs with prepositions p.l lS
Phrasal verbs with off p. ll S

Gapped text (Pa rt 6)

Moda l verbs: obligat ion. proh ibition and
necessity p. l 22
have/get something done p.1 26

Crime p.12l
Collocations wit h catch, follow. reach p. 12l
Cybercrime p.123
Ph rasa l verbs with go p. 127

Mult iple choice (Part 5)
Novel extract: One good cum
p.124

Moda l verbs: abi lity p. 132
Reflexive pronouns p. 137

Phrasa l verbs with come p. 131
Expressions with mind p. 134
Verbs wit h similar mean ings p. 134
Expressions with rime p.136

sport

10

Gapped text (Part 6)

Mult iple match ing (Part 7)
p.82

Usain Bolt: fast and loose
p.88

Virtual people, real friends
p.103

Progress test 2 p.l 07

11

Living on the edge
p 110
adventure

12

Crime scene
p.1 20

crime

13

Who are you again?
p.130

memory

14

Say what you mean
p.1 40

it is, there is p.142
SubjectNe rb agreement p. 146

communication

The kid who climbed Everest
p.110

Mu ltiple matching (Pa rt 7)

Identity crisis
p. 130

say. speak, talk and tell p. 14l

Gapped text (Part 6)

Ways of speaking p.141
Idioms: an ima ls p.144

Inside a dog's world
p.1 44

Progress test 3 p.149
Exam information pA

l

2

Content s

Paper 5 Visuals for Speaking tests p. 152

Communication activities p.15 7

Grammar reference p.1 6 1

_.
listening

Speaking

Multiple-choice doze (Part 1)

Mu ltiple matching (Part 3)

Interview (Part 1)

My music
p.12

Listening to and answering questions

p.14

Drumming up business
p.ll

Essay (Part 1)
Using linkers for contrast
p.24

Word forma t ion (Part 3)
How well do you know yourself?
p. l l

Multiple choice (Part 4)

Col laborative task (Part 3)

Birth order
p.1S

Agreeing and d isagreeing

Article (Part 2)
Engaging the reader

Open doze (Part 2)
Pixie Lott: What makes me happy

Sentence complet ion (Part 2)

Long turn (Part 2)
Comparing

p.J4

p.29

Essay (Part 1)

Wo rd formation (Part 3)
Death Valley

Writing

Use of English

Informa l emai l (Part 2)

Using informa l language

Expressing and supporting ideas
p.44
Review (Part 2)
Describing a pe rsona l experience

p.54

Report (Part 2)
Text organisation

p.66

Essay (Part 1)
Including a range of structu res

,

p.86

p.23

p.33

Mu ltiple choice (Part 4)

Collaborative task (Part 3)
Ranking

p.4l

Journeys to the South Pole
p.ll

Open cloze (Pa rt 2)

Sentence complet ion (Part 2)

Why do people love chilli?
pA8

The importance of cooking
pA9

Long turn (Part 2)
Comparing and giving a reac tion

Multiple-choice cloze (Part 1)

Mu lt iple choice: short extracts
(Part 1)

Discussion (Part 4)
Giving opinio ns

p.60

p.58

Key word transformations (Part 4)

Mult iple choice (Pa rt 4)

p.75

Shangri-fa
p.73

Long turn (Part 2)
Stating preferences and speculating

From fiction to reality
p.65

p.76
Letter of application (Part 2)
Using semi-formal language

Giving it all away
p.31

p.7

Wo rd formation (Part 3)

Mu ltiple matchi ng (Part 3)

The video game designer
p.85

Future professions
p.l8

p.39

p.53

p.7l
Collaborative task and d iscussion (Parts 3 and 4)
Agreeing and disagreeing

p80
Discussion (Part 4)
Compensation strategies

Word formation (Part 3)

Multiple choice (Part 4)

p96

Superstitious athletes
p.93

Luck in sport
p.92

Article (Part 2)
Using a range of vocab ulary

Mu ltiple-choice cloze (Part 1)

Need a friend?

Mu lt ip le matching (Part 3)
My closest friend

Collaborative task (Part 3)
Turn-taking

p.106

p.1O l

p99

p.105

Review (Part 2)
Expressing personal opinions

Word formation (Part 3)

Sentence completion (Pa rt 2)

Walk of a lifetime

Risk-taking

Long turn (Part 2)
Responding to your pa rtner's photographs

p.ll S

p.1 13

p.114

p.lll

Report (Pa rt 2)
Maki ng recommendations

Open cloze (Part 2)

Sentence comp letion (Part 2)

In the footsteps of the fictional
detective
p. 12l

Prison hotels
p.120

Discussion (Pa rt 4)
Assessment

Multiple-choice cloze (Pa rt 1)

Multiple choice: short extracts (Pa rt 1)

The lost art of forgetting
p.135

p.136

Essay (Part 1)
Structu ring a paragraph

p.1 2S

Inform al email (Part 2)
Using a range of functiona l
language

p.90

p123

Long turn (Part 2)
Useful phrases for Part 2

p.133

p.l lS
Essay (Pa rt 1)
Proofreading

p.1 48

Open cloze (Part 2)

Mu lt ip le matching (Part 3)

The animol world's communication
kings

Communicating

p. 147

Writing reference p. 179

p. 140

Interview (Part 1)
Long turn (Part 2)
Dos and don'ts

p.143

Exam focus p.200

Contents

3

The Cambridge English: First examination is made up of four papers, each testing a different area of ability in English.
The Reading and Use of English paper is worth 40 percent of the marks (80 marks), and each of the other papers is worth
20 percent (40 marks each). There are five grades. A, Band C are pass grades; D and E are fail grades.

Reading and Use of English

(I hour 15 minutes)

The Reading & Use of English paper has seven parts. Parts 1-4 contain grammar and vocabu lary tasks within texts or as discrete items.
Parts 5-7 contain texts and accompanying reading comprehension tasks. You write your answers on an answer sheet during the test.

Focus

Part 1
Multiple-choice doze

Task

Vocabu!ary/Lexico-grammatical

You read a text with eight gaps. You choose the best word or phrase to fit in each gap from a set

of four options (A, 8, C or D).

Part 2

Focus

Grammar/LexicQ-grammatica!

Open doze

Task

You read a text with eight gaps. You have to think of the most appropriate word to fill each gap.
You must use one word on ly. No options are prOV ided

Part 3

Focus

Vocabulary/Lexico-grammatica l

Word formation

Task

You read a text with eight gaps. You are given the stems of the missing words in capitals at the
ends of the lines with gaps. You have to change the form of each word to fit the context.

Part 4

Focus

Grammar and vocabulary

Key word transformations

Task

There are six items. You are given a sentence and a 'key word'. You have to complete a second,
gapped sentence using the key word. The second sentence has a different grammatica l structure
but must have a similar meani ng to the original.

Part 5

Focus

Detail, opinion, attitude, text organ isation featu res (e.g. exemplification, reference), tone, purpose,
main idea, implication

Task

There are six four-option multiple-choice questions. You have to choose the correct option (A, B, C
or D) based on the information in the text.

Part 6
Gapped text

Focus

Understanding text structure, cohesion, coherence, global meaning

Task

You read a text from which six sentences have been removed and placed in jumbled order after
the text. There is one extra sentence that you do not need to use. You must decide from where in
the text the sentences have been removed.

Part 7

Focus

Specific information, detail, opinion and attitude

Multiple matching

Task

You read ten questions or statements about a text which has been divided into sections, or
several short texts. You have to decide which section or text contains the information relating to
each question or statement.

Multiple-choice questions

Writing (I

hour 20 minutes)

The Writing paper is divided into two parts, and you have to complete one task from each part. Each answer carries equal marks, so you
should not spend longer on one than another.

Part 1

Part 2

4

EXam information

Focus

Outlining and discussing issues on a particular topic

Task

Part 1 is compulsory, and there is no choice of questions. You have to write an essay based on a
title and notes. You have to write 140-190 words.

Focus

Writ ing a task for a part icular purpose based on a specific topic, context and target reader.

Task

Part 2 has three tasks to choose from which may include:
· a letter or email • an article • a report • a review.
You have to write 140-190 words for Part 2.

Listening

(approximately 40 minute s)

There are four parts in the Listening paper, with a total of thirty questions. You write your answers on the question paper and then you
have five minutes at the end of the exam to transfer them to an answer sheet. In each part you wi ll hear the text(s) twice. The texts may
be monologues or conversations between interacting speakers. There wi ll be a variety of accents.
Focus

Each extract will have a different focus, wh ich cou ld be: main point, detail, purpose or location of
speech, relationship between the spea kers, attitude or opinion of the speakers.

Task

You hear eight short, unrelated extracts of about th irty seconds each. They may be monologues
or conve rsations. You have to answer one three-option multiple-choice question (A, B or C) for
each extract.

Part 2
Sentence completion

Focus

Specific information, detail, stated opinion

Task

You hear a monologue lasting about th ree minutes. You complete ten sentences with information
heard on the recording.

Part 3

Focus

Gist, detail, function, attitude, purpose, opinion

Task

You hear a series of five monologues, lastin g about thirty seconds each. The speakers in each
extract are different, but the situations or topics are all related to each other. You have to match
each speaker to one of eight statements or questions (A-H). There are three extra options that
yo u do not need to use.

Focus

Specific information, opinion, attitude, gist, main idea

Task

You hear an interview or conversation which lasts about three minutes. There are seven questions.
You have to choose the correct option (A, B or Cl.

Part 1
Extracts with multiple~

choice questions

Multiple matching

Part4
Multiple-choice questions

Speaking

(approximately 14 minutes)

You take the Speaking test with a partner. There are two examiners. One is the 'interlocutor: who speaks to you, and the other is the
'assessor', who just li stens. There are four differe nt parts in the test.

Part 1

Focus

General interactiona l and socia l lang uage

Task

The interlocutor asks each of you questions about yourse lf, such as where you come from or what
you do in your free time.

Part 2
Individual long turn
(4 minutes)

Focus

Organising yo ur ideas, comparing, describing, expressing opinions

Task

The interlocutor gives yo u a pair of photographs to compare, and to give a personal reaction to.
You speak by yourself for about a minute wh ile your partner listens. Then the interlocutor asks
yo ur partner a question related to the topic. Only a short answer is expected. You then change
roles.

Part 3

Focus

Interacting with your partner, exchang ing ideas, expressing and justifying opinions, agreeing
and/or disagreeing, suggesting, speculating, eva luating, reach ing a decision through negotiation

Task

You are given a task to discuss togethe r for 1-2 minutes, based on a written instruction and
prompts. You then have a minute to try and reach a decision together. There is no right or wrong
answer to the tas k and you don't have to agree with each other. It is the interaction between you
that is important.

Part 4

Focus

Expressing and justifying opin ions, agreeing and disagreeing

Discussion
(4 min utes)

Task

The interlocutor asks you both genera l questions re lated to the topic of Part 3, and gives you the
chance to give your opinions on other aspects of the same topic.

Interview

(2 minutes)

Collaborative task
(4 minutes)

For more information see the Writing reference (page 179), the General marking guidelines (page 194)
and the Exam focus (page 200).

Exam information

S

Speaking

D Discuss the questions.
Why do people like listening to different kinds of live music'
2

What do you enJoy doing most: playing a musical instrument, listening to music at
home or going to a live gig'

3

Are you a fan of a particular band or mu sical artist' What makes someone a 'fan"

Vocabulary
free time activities: verb/noun collocations
Match t he verbs in A with the activities in B. There may be more than
one possibility.
Example: go to/watch a film
go (tol out for/on)
have
---_.

A

do

B

the computer
computer games
a DVD
a film
football
friends round
a gig
the guitar
a pizza
running
shopping
the theatre
television
yoga

D

play

watch

Add any other free time activities you can think of to list B. Put the
verb it goes w ith in list A.

Listening and speaking
asking and answering questions

D

001 Read and listen to the questions about free time. Underline the
words wh ich are stressed.
How do you usually re lax when you have some free time?

6

Unit 1 Bands and fan~

2

What do you do when you stay in' Where do you go when you go out'

3

Do you like being in a large grou p or would you rather be with a few close fnends'

ANGUAGE TIP
Adverbs of frequency

(usually, never, hardly
ever, etc.) come before
a main verb and after
auxiliary verbs such
as be.
I hardly ever go

shopping.
I'm always busy.
Longer adverbials (from
time to time, every day,
now and again, etc.) can
come at the beginning
or end of a sen tence.
I go running every

evening. Nawand
again I play squash.

D 002

listen to the students' answers and complete the ga ps,

I

I usually find..

2

I tend to ..

3

.. ............ qu ite relaxing but it depends on ..

.. ............. on weekdays though I sometimes ..

.. .... is good fun .
..................... helps me to switch off.

4
S

I'm really into ..

6

I go out ..

.. . .... now and again.

m

Work in pairs. Ask and answer t he q uestions in Activity 4.

Interview (Part I)
listening to and answering questions
~

EXAM FOCUS p.206

El

In Part 1 of t he Speaking paper, you answer some q uestions in w hich you
give personal information and opinions. Match questions 1-7 t o t opics A- E.
What kind of music do you enjoy listeni ng to'

EXAM TIP
Answer in full , giving
reasons. Avoid one-

2

Do you have any brothe rs or sisters?

3

What do you like about the place where you were brought up'

4

What subject did you enjoy most at school'

S

What do you think you'll be doing in five years' time'

6

Where do you think you'll go on holiday this year'

7

Tell us about your cl osest friend .

A

your persona l relationships

B

your home town

word answers and

C

your job or studies

don't move away from
the question.

D

your free time activities

E

your future plans

III Add two more questions to each topic A-E. Use questio n words such as what
(kind), when, how (many), who, why, where.

m

003 li sten to Julia and Stefan and answer the questions.

,

Which of the questions in Act ivity 7 were they each asked?

2

Did they answer them in enough detai l'

3

Did they vary their tone of voice?

4

What did Stefan say when he didn't understand the question'

II!l Choose one question from each topic in Activities 7 and 8 and ask
yo ur partner.
~

GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.162

Unit 1 Bands 3nd fan:,

7

Speaking
look at the photos and discuss the questions.
1

When do you think these photos were taken)

2

What kind of music do you think the people were into?

3

Why do groups of young people get together like this)

Gapped text (Part 6)
~ EXAM FOCUS p.202

fJ

8

You are gOing to read a magazine article about
music sub-cultures. Read the text quickly. How
does the writer answer the question in the title?

Unit 1 Bands and fans

~----~--------------II
D

/

Wh ich appears to show that, if a pop tribe means
anything these days, it seems to be about a setof
tastes, rather tha n a stage of life you go through before
reaching adulthood.

Neither have they experienced a time when t hey we re
limited to tracks they could hear on the radio or get on
a cassette from friends .
F

Does the lack of very visible teenage tribes matter for
the health of pop cultu re?

G

And a lot of youngsters are now finding that their taste
overla ps w ith ot her groups.

D

Compare your answers and give reasons for
your choices.

m
D

Read the first two paragraphs again and
answer the questions.
In the first paragra ph, what do these impressions and
they in line 5 refer back to' What does they refer to in
line '2'

2

What sub-cultures exist in your country?
In what ways can you identify people in these
sub-cultures by the way they dress and the
music they like?

In the second paragraph, which words in the answer
(sentence E) li nk to th e topic and vocabulary' How
does neither link back? What does they refer to'

Vocabulary
deducing words in context
look at these words and phrases and choose
the correct meaning. Which clues in the text
helped you?

Six sentences have been removed from the
article. Choose from sentences A-G the
one which fits each gap. There is one extra
sentence which you do not need to use.

Example: 'scooters' and 'all day' might help you to

understand 'room around:
room around (para 1)
A ca use troub le

EXAM TIP

B trave l with no real purpose

Look for linking words and phrases in the options
which link to the ideas and lang uage (e.g. connecting
words, synonyms, pronouns which link to nouns) in t he
sentences before and after each gap.

2

A appear to be
B find by chance
3

A
B

C

So does that mean t hat tribes are, in
fact, expanding rather than dying )
Another consequence of this is that all
kinds of music are now found much
more in the mainstream.
Howeve r, the freedom of simply
listening to whatever you want,
whenever you want more than
makes up for that feeling.

come across (para 1)

track (option E)
A a na rrow path or road
B a piece of m USIC or a song from a CD

4 make up for (option C)
A improve a bad situation
B do something to show you are sorry

5 in the mainstream (option B)
A conventional
B respected

6 tastes (option D)
A experiences of someth ing
B things you li ke

Unit 1 13and s and fan s

9

•
Present simple and
continuous
~

GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.176

o

Look at th e sentences and decide whether
th ey sho uld be in t he simple or continuous
fo rm. Then discuss why.
My sons always downloading/always dawnlaads music
instead of getting on with his work.

2

I workl'm working overtime th is month whi le the music
ed itor is on sick leave.

3

Someone plays/s playing the piano. Can you hear it?

4

Did you know that band comes/s coming from my
home town?

S

I get/m getting better at recogn ising classi cal music.

6

I take/m taking my iPod everywhere.

fI

M atch t he uses of the present simple and
present contin uous w ith t he examples in
Act ivity 1.

LANGUAGE TIP
Verbs such as believe, own, belong, like, understand, know,
hear are not usua lly used in th e continu ous form because
they describe states, not actions.
Some verbs can be used in both t he simple and
con tinuous for m with different meanings.
I see what you mean (see = understand)
I'm seeing her next week. (see = meet)

D Look at the pai rs of sentences and say why
the speaker has used t he present simple or
continuous in each case.
A I have a ticket to see Lady Gaga.
B I'm having a shower.
2

A Tha t singer appears to be doing well.

3

A He's being really kind.

B Eminem's appearing at th e V Festival.
B He:,. really kind.
4

A He's thin king about join ing a band.

S

A It depends on how much money I've got.

B I think that band is really good.
A

a repeated action/habit

B

a permanent sit uation/fact

C

an activity happening at the moment of speaking

D

an activity in progress but not at this exact moment

E

a changing or developing situation

F

emphasi ses repetition of typical (often annoying or
surprising) behaviour

B I'm depending on her to organise everything.
6

A This soup tastes good.
B Joe's tasting the soup.

D Complete t he sentences with the present
simple or present continuous form of the
verbs in brackets.
......................... (not like) pop music.

1
2

The band ......................... (appear) in Manchester all week.

3

I can't hear what you ......................... (say) . It's too loud.

4

I ......................... (think) it's dangerous to listen to your iPod
w hen you're riding a bike.

S

You can never have a conversation with her - she
......................... (always check) her phone for messages.

6

Th at band ......................... (get) more and more popu lar.

7

We ......................... (often go) to a jazz club on Friday nights.

8

You ......................... (be) very difficu lt today!

g

Write sentences about th ree things that
you do on a regular basis.

2

you are doing now (but not at this exact moment).

m

Compare you r sentences in pa irs. Do you have
anyth ing in common?

10

Unit 1 Bands and fans

Vocabulary
phrasal verbs with take

o

Match the phrasal verbs in 1-5 with
meanings A-E.
His career took off as soon as he won the
prize: he's so ta lented.

mLook at questions 4 and 8 aga in and check you have
chosen the correct phrasa l verb.
o Discuss the questions.
1

Do you think th is is a good way for artists to promote their music'

2

Would any of these offers attract you'

He takes after his father, who's also really
musical.

2
3

I took up the saxophone last year.

4

Tom took over as the band's manager when
Sam left.

5

I made him take back what he said about

Drumming up business
l ash Freese is a very successful session drummer
(0) .. c..b.as.d.... in Los Angeles. You probably won't have
(1) .. ................ of him but he's played with some very
successful bands. When Freese (2) .. .......... .. .... his first solo
album, called Since 1972, he decided to set up a system
where fan s could buy something unique. By (3) ................ ..
with fan s directly, he hoped to sell more of his music.

my taste in music
have similar characteristics

A

B become responsible for something
C

sta rt an acti vity

o

admit you are wrong

E become successful

The CD didn't cost much but if you paid $50 for it, you
would also get a personal five-minute 'thank you' phone
call. Sales of the album quickly took (4) .. .. .... .. ......... But
there were other limited options which gave fans the
opportunity to meet Freese in
(5) ................ ... The option
to have lunch with Freese for
$250 (6) ............ ..... out in
about a week. Fans could also
(7) .................. an individual drum
lesson from Freese for $2,500.
There were other offers ranging
from $10,000 to $75,000 .
Not all of these were taken
(8) .................. by fans, but a
teenager from Florida actually
purchased the $20,000 option
and spent a week on tour with Freese.

Multiple-choice doze
(Part I)
~

EXAM FOCUS p.200

fI

D
D

Read the text about a musician
quickly and say what is different
about Josh Freese's relationship
with his fans. Don't worry about
the gaps yet.
Look at the example. Why are
options A, Band D wrong?
Now look at the options for gap 1
and answer the questions.
Which of the verbs A- D can be fo llowed
by of!

2 Choose the ph rase which means
familiar with.

D

For questions 2-8, decide which
answer (A, B, C or Dj best fits
each gap.

0

A situated

B loca ted

C based

1

A recogn ised

B noticed

C heard

2

A released

B sent

C presented

o
o
o

lived
known
brought

3

A joini ng

B discussing

C contacting

D communicating

EXAM TIP

4

A after

B back

C off

Think about which word might fit the gap
before looking at the options. Check each
side of the gap to make sure that the option
you choo se goes with the other words.

5

A person

B front

C life

o
o

6
7

A stayed

B gave

C sold

Diet

A ach ieve

B receive

C collect

8

A over

B back

C off

o
o

up
face
gain
up

Unit 1 Band s and b ns

11

•
Multiple matching (Part 3)
~

EXAM FOCUS p.205

o

Tick the statements which are true for you.
Then compare with a partner.

A

I like following band members on Facebook
and Twitter.

B

These days I on ly down load m usic that's free .

C

I think the videos a band ma kes are just as
important as their music.

D

Most people haven't heard of the m usic I like.

E

My music tastes are quite va ried.

F

I spend a lot of time listening to music at home
with friends.

G

I often discover new bands throug h personal
recommendations.

H

I prefer listening to live music.

fI

004 You will hear five people talking about listening to music.
Listen to Speaker 1. Which things does he mention?
his taste in music

D

new bands

Twitter

video

Look at extracts from Speaker 1 (1-4). Which one matches one of the
statements A-H in Activity 1?
Now I'm just into the same stuff as my friends - hip hop mainly.

2

I don't usually bother with Twi tter o r Facebook.

3

My group of friends are always sharing music files and tell ing each other about new
discoveries. I've found a lot of new bands t hat way.

4

They'll only listen to new bands that no one's heard of. It's just a way of
showing off, I think.

D

005 Now listen to Speakers 2-5. Match statements from the list A-H
in Activity 1 with what each speaker says. Use the letters only once.
There are three extra letters which you do not need to use.

EXAM TIP
Listen for words and phrases that are synonyms or paraphrases of the key words
in the statements.

D Compare your answers in pairs. Then listen again to check.
Speaking

m

Work in pairs and discuss the questions.

12

Unit 1 Bands dnd

fan:>

1

Which speaker's opinions are the most sim ilar to yours?

2

How are your liste ning habits and atti t udes to music similar to or different from
your partner's?

Habit in the past
used to/would
~

My life as a

GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.168

look at the sentences and answer the questions.
I used to be obsessed with music videos.

When I was growing up, my mum would play 19705' music
and dance around the kitchen.
,

Is she still obsessed w it h m usic videos'

2

Did her mother often listen to 1970s' music'

3

Which underlined verb describes a past state'

4

Which underlined verb describes a past habit?

5

Which of the underlined verbs can you use to describe
both past states and habits'

LANGUAGE TIP
Be ca reful not to confuse used to do (describing past habit)
with belgetused to doing (be accustomed to something in
the present).
I used to hate classical music (= bu t now I like it)
I am used to being alone. (= It's something that happens a
lot and I don't mind it)

look at sentences 1-4. Is it possible to use both
would and used to?
My parents would always listen to classical music while
w e were having dinner.
2

My pa rents used to go to a jazz festival every year

3

My dad used to have a really old radio.

4

My mum used to know all the words to every song
by Madonna.

Complete the text with the present simple,
present continuous, used to or would forms of
the verbs in brackets. Sometimes more than one
answer is possible.

Speaking
Discuss the questions with a partner.
How do you thin k the writer's child ren feel about her

taste in music?
2

Wh at kind of music did yo u use to listen to when yo u
were younger' What did your parents think of it?

3

How do you think your taste in music will change as you
get older'

Insurance broker Sarah Collins might
have a boring day job, but she's a punk
at heart.
I always say that the best time of my life
was when I (1) ............................... (be) a punk.
It's a time that I look back on fondly and
I still (2) .........
....... (smile) when I think
of those wonderful people, their fantastic
haircuts and clothes and their great
personalities.
On Saturdays I (3) ............................. (go) down
the Kings Road in London.
1(4) ............................... (meet) punks from all
over and we (S) ..... ........ . . (just walk
around), sit in the pubs, look in the shops
and get searched by the police. That was
a very good way to spend a Saturday.
Now I'm in my fifties. I (6) .................. ..
(work) in insurance and I've got three
children. But just recently I've started
to return to my punk roots. Although I
(7) ............................... (get) older, I've realised
I still (8) . ..... .... .. ......... (love) going to gigs
and hanging around with punks.
I (9) ..
.. ............. (discover) fantastic new
bands and I (10) ............................... (enjoy)
myself so much!

Unit 1 B;md" and fans

13

m

Informal email (Part 2)

Which of the expressions 1- 4 could you use
to end the email to Josh?

using informal language
~

Hope to hear from you soon.

WRITING REFERENCE p.182

o

Discuss t he questions with a partner.
How easy is it to see live music where you live?

2

Would you travel abroad to go to a music festival or concert?

3

What advice would you give to someone who is visiting
your country about where to see live music?

1

Who do you have to write to'
Why are you writing'

3

What kind of style do you have to write in'

I look forward to hearing from you.
Can't wait to see you in the summer.

4

Don't hesitate to get in touch if you have any more
questions.

LANGUAGE TIP

El Read t he exam task and answer the questions.
2

2

3

You can use punctuation to make your writing more
informal. Dashes (-) are ohen used instead of commas,
for example, and exclamation marks (!) are ohen used.

D

You've received an email from your English friend Josh.
Read this part of the email and write your email to Josh.

Read the exam task and tick the information
you could include in your email to Max.
You have received an email from a student called
Max. Read this part of the email and write your
email to Max.

o
I'm really looking forward to visiting you this summer.
If possible, I'd really like to see some live music. Can you
tell me what kind of music is popular with you and your
friends? How easy is it to get tickets for concerts?
Thanks

Josh

g
I'm moving to your town soon to go to college,
Can you tell me what kind of things there are to
do in the evening for students and what you like
doing best?

I

Thanks

Write your email in 140- 190 words in an appropriate
style.

Max
Write your email in 140-190 words in an
appropriate style.

D Look at t he model email and choose the word or
phrase which is most appropriate for an informal
email.
Hi Josh
Yes, I'm really looking forward to your visit too! It's good you want
to see some live music while you're here because in my town
(1) there's a music festival every summer/an annual music festival
takes place and (2) you will have the opportunity/you'lI be able to
see lots of local bands play. None of them is very famous but there's
a fantastic atmosphere there and I always (3) find it very enjoyable/
enjoy going a lot. The tickets are very reasonable and you can spend
the whole day there. Of course, like al l my friends, I'm (4) mainly
interested inlhave a preference for rock bands but you can find reggae
and traditional music there too (5) - you won't be disappointed
because there's something for everyone!; it offers something for
everyone, which means no one will be disappointed.
There aren't any large music venues near where I live, so it's not that
easy for me to go to big concerts very often. (6) But/However, one of
my favourite bands, Mystery Jets, is playing in the nearest city on
22 August, so (7) if you like, I could/if you're interested, I'd be willing
to get tickets for us to go to that.

IS} Let me know what you think./Please reply as soon as possible.
Alice

I

J

1

recommend some places to go

2

offer to take Max out one evening

3

tell him about the most expensive restaurants in your
town

4

complain about the lack of entertainment venues

5

describe a typical evening out in detail

6

describe your favourite kind of evening out and why
you li ke it

m

Write I (informal) or F (formal) next to the
phrases 1-6.

1

I would advise you to .

2

The best place to eat is ..

3

You really must go to .

4

If you feel like dancing,
there's a good club in .

D

5

You should definitely
try ..

6

I'd highly recommend
visiting.

Write your email.using some of the language
from Activities 3 and 6. Then check your work
using the writing checklist on page 179.

EXAM TIP
14

Unit

1 Bands and fans

Don't mix informal and formal styles in your email. Learn
some different ways of starting and ending informal emails.

o

1

Complete the second sentence so that it
has a similar meaning to the first sentence.
Use between two and five words, includ ing
the word given.

I try and ........................... running as often as I can.
A go
B do
C doing D going
2

I often have fri ends ........................ in the even ing.
A in
B round
C along D down

3

Let's go ........................... the theatre soon.
C to
D at
A out
B for

I enjoyed learning to play the guitar and I'd like to take
it up again one day.

4

He's always .......................... on the computer to check his
messages.
A doing B having C going D watchin g

................................ learning to play the guitar and I'd like to
take it up again one day.

3

the sentences.

Example:
I was given responsibility for booking gigs for our band
OVER
Last month I Jf.~k~Y~r..b.~~*i"3!Ji3~.. for our band

USED

2

IJ Choose the correct word to complete

We always went to the jazz festival every July.
WOULD
We..
.. .......... to the jazz festival every July.

D Complete the text with the words in the box.
collection
concerts
available
tastes
fans
once
released

down loaded

I perform in front of people all the tim e, so I don't mind
doing it.

USED
I ..
doing it.

.. ... in front of people, so I don't mind

4

Her career was an instant success as soon as she
appeared on a TV advert.
TOOK
Her career .............................. as soon as she appeared
on a TV advert.

S

Unfortunately, I'm not like my grandfather, who could
play the piano really well.
AFTER
Unfortunately, I ............................... my grandfather, who
could play the piano really well.

6

When we started going out, I hated my boyfriend's
taste in music but it's becoming less of a problem.
USED
................................ my boyfriend's taste in music but it's
becoming less of a problem.

El Complete the sentences with the present
simple or present continuous form of the
verbs in brackets.
I ..

.. ......... (not like) classical music.
.. ..... (soy).

2

I don't understand what you..
Can you say it again, please?

3

I ........................... (not think) it's a good idea to learn an
instru ment when you're too young.

4

She's never at home. She ... ..................... (always do)
something in the evening.

S Tradition al music..
more popular.
6

You..

. ........... (get) more and

.. .. ............ (play) really well today.

Unit 1 Bands and faIlS

15

Speaking

o

Discuss the questions.

1

How do you think your friends wo uld describe your persona lity?

2

What personality cha racteristics do yo u share with other members of your fami ly?

El Do the personality quiz.
How likely are
you to ...

Very
likely

I

Quite
likely

Neither likely
Quite
nor unlikely ~elY

Very
unlikely

-~

a conversation
B stranger?
advice to

-

change your mind
aboutthings?
t-

5

organise social events?

6

worry about being late?

-t-

t-

D

Turn to page 157 to get your resu lts. Then complete sentences 1-4 so
they're true fo r you.

1

I'm (very/quite) (un)likely to .

3

I'm good at .. . -in9.

2

I tend to .

4

I find it difficultto ..

fI

Compare your sentences w ith a partner's and discuss t he questions.
How much do you have in common?

16

Unit 2 Relative va lue s

2

What did you learn from your res ults?

3

Do you think this is an accura te test of persona lity?

Vocabulary
formation of adjectives

g

Copy and complete the table with the adjective forms of the nouns in the box.
caution
comfort
love
meaning

drama
person

emotion

pessimist

generosity
prediction

harm
reliability

hope
sym pat hy

-able

-ous

-ic

-01

-Iul

socia ble

adventuro us

rea li sti c

practica l

thoughtful

m006

Mark the stress on each adjective, then listen and check. Practise saying
the words, Which ones stress different syllables from the noun form?

D

Which adjectives use the suffix -less or the prefix un- to form the negative?
Examples: hopeless, uncomfortable

Word formation (Part 3)
~

EXAM TIP
It's important to think
about t he meani ng,
not just t he grammar.
Someti mes you
have to decide if an
adjective is posit ive or
negative.

EXAM FOCUS p.20 I

m

Read the text quickly without worrying about the gaps. What problem w it h
describing people's personalities is mentioned?
How well do you know yourself?
When trying to understand our own or other people's
(0)

..I!~h.'!~i~~r.,

we tend to over-simplify things. We use one or

BEHAVE

two adjectives to sum each other up. We think of one friend as
having a generally (1)

....... ...... and positive outlook, while

HOPE

another friend is considered (2) ........................ and negative .

PESSIMIST

Of course, in (3) .......... ............., none of us is so easily defined.

REA L

The truth is that we are all made up of inconsistent and
contradictory (4) ................ ...... ; we can be serious and reliable with

CHARACTER

our colleagues at work but in our personal relationships at home
we are more (5) ........................ and emotional. With some friends we

PREDICT

can be very cautious, while we are (6) ........................ thrill-seekers

ADVE NTURE

with other friends.
So can people be neatly divided into personality types? Or do
we alter our personality according to the (7) ........................ in our

DIFFERENT

changing moods and situations? Perhaps the idea of a fixed
personality is just a (8) .... ................... misconception . Maybe we can

MEANING

never truly understand ourselves or other people .

III What part of speech goes in each gap? If it's a noun, is it singular or pl ural?
iI!l Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word
that fits in the gap in the same line,

Unit 2 Rel ative va lups

17

2

Multiple choice (Part 4)

A Parents expect more from the oldest child.
B Oldest children spend more time alone.
C The oldest child benefits from teaching
younger siblings.
3

EXAM cOCUS ).LOS

~

2

4

5

6

Max suggests that the best combination for a
successful marriage is between people who are both
A oldest children.
B middle children.
C third-born children.

Which key words, or words with a similar meaning to the
statement and options, did you hear'
Which option correctly completes the statement'
7

008 Read through questions 1- 7 and
underline the key words. Then listen and choose
the best answer, A, B or C.

What do some psychologists believe is likely to
increase the 'birth order effect"
A a large age gap between siblings
B fa milies with three or more siblings
C having siblings of the same sex

007 listen to the first part of the interview.

2

Max says th at youngest ch ildren can often be
A confi dent.
B creative.
C cautious.

Are older children more or less independent than t heir
younger siblings' Why?

You're going to listen to a radio interview with a
psychologist called Max about birth order. Read
the first question in Activity 4 and underline the
key words in the statement and the options.

What typical characteristic of oldest children does
Max share'
A He is very competitive.
B He experienced jealousy of a sibling.
C He always wanted to please his parents.

Discuss the questions.
What do you think is the ideal number of children in a
fam ily? Why?

According to Max, what is the reason for oldest
children's results in intelligence tests'

Accordin g to Max, why should we be cautious about
t he 'birth order effect"
A Personality can also be affected by other things.
B Personality can change when people are away from
their families.
C Personality is too complicated to define simply.

EXAM TIP
The radio presenter's questions wil l help you to follow
the discussion, so you know w hich question you sh ould
be listening for.
Max says that people mistakenly believe that
oldest ch ildren
A are li kely to do well in the future.
B wi ll be happier than their siblings.
C are often very independent at a young age.

1:1 Compare your answers with a partner. Then
listen again to check.

Speaking

m

Work in pairs. How well do you get on with
your siblings? What impact has the 'birth
order effect' had on your family?

Adverbs
~

D

GRAMMAR REFERENCE p. 161

o

Which adverbs in the box give the sentence a
similar meaning?
absolutely
very

Underline the adverbs in sentences A-D. Then
answer the questions.

a bit

completely

A

They will have to work very hard to make their
marriage work.

1

He's quite intell igent

2

He's really cautious.

B

It could be difficu lt for them to get on welL

3

She's really impossible to get on with.

C

They are allowed to grow up more slowly.

4

She's a really good person.

D

It can have ha rd ly any impact on large families.

5

He's a really amazing person.

Which adverbs are irregular?

6

He can be quite difficult

2

6
1

Which words can be both an adverb and an adjective?

D Choose the correct adverb(sl to form the ru les.

Choose the correct adverb.

1

ReallyNery can be used w ith any adjective in order to

I hardly/ hard know my brother beca use he's so much
older t han me.

2

Completely and absolutely/ Really and very are only used

2

I t ry hard/hardly to get on with my brothers and si sters.

3

He's been feeling depressed late/lately

4

My mothe r had children lately/late in life.

5

My parents live e/osely/ e/ose to me.

6

We st udied the results of the test e/ose/e/osely.

Vocabulary

intensify meaning.
w ith extreme adjectives.

3

Match adjectives 1-6 with extreme
versions A-F.

QU/te/ A bit is only used when making a criticism with
adject ives with a negative meaning.

Speaking

III Complete sentences 1-3 w ith phrases A-C to
make statements you agree with. Discuss your
sentences with a partner. Do you agree?

extreme adjectives

D

fairly

1

It's fa irly easy .

2

It's quite hard . .

3

It's absolutely impossible ..

difficult

2

intelligent

3

angry

4

frig htened

5

t ired

6

bi g

A

enormous

A

. to j udge a person's ch aracte r from th eir appearance.

B

.. . to get on with everyone in your family.

C

. .. for paren ts to treat all their children equally.

B terrified
C exhausted
D impossible

E brilliant
F furious

19

D Look at the underlined words in Activity 4, question 1. What
information would you expect to find in the text? Check your
answer in extract A.

EXAM TIP
Underline the key words in the options and then read through the texts
quickly to find a similar word or expression which says the same thing in
a different way.

D

For questions 2-10, choose from the people (A-DJ .
The people may be chosen more than once.
Which person
used to try not to get involved when a sibling was badly behaved)
once stopped doing something because of sibling rivalry?
now finally appreciates the value of a sibling relationship?
felt rather irritated on the birth of a sibling 7

I2
I3
I4
I5

could depend on a sibling for practical advice as a child?

6

thinks people can get labelled too easily7

7

noticed how a sibling was treated differently as a chi ld7

8

was too cau tious to ta ke up a much-wanted career)

9

regards a sibling as the most efficient person in the family7

10

I':J Which sibling relationship in the article did you find most
interesting? Why?
Colin Firth in The Kings Speech

Vocabulary
Speaking
How would you feel if you had a
brot her or sister who was gifted
or famous?

Multiple matching
(Part 7)
~

EXAM FOCUS p.203
You are going to read an article in
wh ich four people talk about their
relationship with their brother or
sister. Read the text quickly and
find out which person is

20

phrasal verbs

m

Match the underlined phrasal verbs in the article with
meanings 1-8.

organise something

2

escape

3
4

succeed

5

be determined

6

suddenly become successful

7

admire

8

arrive unexpectedly

fJ

make (someone) leave

Work in pairs and discuss the questions.

1

Who do you look up to 7

a twin.

2

Have you ever set your heart on something?

2

the oldest

3

3

a middle child.

4

the youngest of four.

Do you sort out your possessions regularly and get rid of things
you don't need 7
Where would you li ke to get away t0 7

Unit 2 Rt>larivt: v,ilue5

4

A

1

remembers having mixed feelings about the success of a sibling)

I

_~
RELATIONSHIPS - - - - - - - - - - - - - --

_ _-----,II

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - ' - - --

Fr'end
or
enemy?
Can siblings ever
really be friends?

C Zoa Helier, author and journalist;
sister to headhunter, Emily
Unlike me, Emily has always been
grown up for her age. She's only three
years older than me but she looked
after me a lot when we were growing
up. She taught me how to write a
cheque and would rescue me when
I got lost on the underground. And
even today, if I or my two other older
siblings need a document or a family
photograph, she's the one you'll call.
"When she visits me, she still tidies my
flat and sorts out my filing system. I've
come to understand the importance
of family rather late in life. During my
twenties I just wanted to get away. I've

A Kate Firth, voice coach; sister to

B Jonathan Self, journalist and

film star eoHn

author; brother to novelist and

As the older brother, Colin was

broadcaster Will

protective of me. As a teenager, I

When Will was three, he packed a

looked up to him because he was

suitcase with toys and ran away from

much more capable and confident

home. I think he only got about four

actor; brother to Rupert, founder of

than I was. I was jealous of his arty

kilometres down the road before he

a charity which helps people with

friends because I felt I had to be safe
and conventional and go to university

as our parents expected us to. Gclin
could have gone but he had set his

heart on drama school. I desperately
wanted to act too but never had his
courage, although I did act for a while,
as did my younger brother, Jonathan.
OUf parents didn't think that success
as an actor was a real possibility but

lived in New York for years, yet no~
the first thing I do when I get back to
London is have dinner with Emily.
D Will Young, singer-songwriter and

was found but I remember feeling

depression

delighted that we had finally got rid of

The problem with being twins is that

him. I hadn't been at all pleased, at the

you constantly get compared, and

age of two, when a new child turned

one twin can suffer. I remember when

1ll!. Even so, we played a lot together

we went to school, it was decided

as kids and I remember finding him

that I was the clever one and Rupert

very lovable. But I saw how he became

was the sporty one. But we ended up

the favourite as soon as my parents,

getting more or less the same exam

who

intellect enormously,

results - it's just that people put you

discovered what an incredible brain

valued

in a certain box and it's difficult to get

he had. When I started working on

away from that. Rupert was more of a

Colin and I shared a strong belief that

my first book, I found out that he was

tearaway than me and I'd get annoyed

one day we would make it. In my first

doing the same. I felt very competitive

by teachers who tried to make me

year at university he did Hamlet and

and when I read his, I thought '1'11

responsible for him. As we go t older,

I sat there feeling terribly proud and

never be as good as that' and gave up.

Rupert was more sociable. He'd get on

jealous at the same time because he

Now I've established myself as a writer,

the dance floor, whereas I was very

was doing exactly what I wanted to

I don't feel like that any more and I'm

self-conscious. It's funny that I'm now

do. After that his career took off.

pleased with Will's success.

the performer. •

21

Unit 2 Rel ative vdlue:,

21

verbs with -ing or infinitive with a change of
meaning

Listening
Work in pairs and discuss the questions.
2

6

Which ones do you get on we ll/badly w ith?

009 Listen to five people talking about
one of their relations. Match Speakers 1-5
with comments A-E.

A My mother stopped making/to make lunch because
the phone rang.
B My mother stopped making/to make lunch because
we were hungry.

A

We'd li ke him to move house ....

B

It's a waste of t ime saying anyth ing to him . ..

C

l ance fe lt worried about being alone w it h him.

D

We enjoy doing t he same things .....

E

I've offered to teach him a sport.

Verb patterns: -ing/infinitive
~

D

For sentence pairs 1-5, choose the correct
options and explain the difference in meaning
between each pair.

Do you have a lot of relations?

2

A Dad tried phoning/to phone but nobody answered.
B Dad tried phoning/to phone but he cou ldn't remember
the number, so he gave up.

3

A The kids remembered buying/to buy Grandma a
prese nt and write a card for her.
B The kids remembered buying/to buy Grandma a
present but couldn't find it again later.

4

A My father wen t on having/to have children until he
w as in his sixties.
B My fathe r went on having/to have children with my
stepmother.

5

A I regret telling/to tell you that all train services have
been cancelled.
B I regret telling/to tell you because now you're upset

GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.178

IJ Match examples A-E in Activity 2 with
rules 1-5.
Use -ing

J2.. .. )

1

after some verbs ( ...

2

after prepositions ( ..

3

after some expressions ( .. ........... )

Use infinitive
4

after some verbs ( .. ............. )

5

after some verbs + object ( ... .. ...... )

LANGUAGE TIP
Some verbs (e.g. make, let) are fo llowed by object +
infin it ive without to: I made her tidy up.
Some verbs (e.g. love) can be followed by -ing or
infinitive with little or no change in meaning :
I love riding/ to ride.
To form a negative, use not before the verb:
I hate not going/He told me not to go.

22

Unit 2 RelJtive va lues

g

.. ..... )

Read the article quickly. What did Ben like and
dislike about having famous parents?

m

Complete the text with the -;ng or the infinitive
form of the verbs in brackets.

fJ

Work in pairs. Imagine you have become a
celebrity. Talk about what you love, can afford,
regret, don't mind, can't stand, etc.

11
El 0

10 Listen to Alana and Federico. Which
of the relationships do they discuss? Why do
they think they're important?

D

Copy and complete the table with the phrases
in the box. Which of t he expressions of
agreement are uncertain?
So do I./Neither do I.
I'm not convin ced.
Good point.
That's ve ry true.
I'm not sure about that.
I suppose so
I see what you mean, but .. .
OK, but ".
What about you ?
What's your view on th at ?
I hadn'tthought of that.
Exactly!
Well, actually " .

Agreeing

B

Disagreeing politely

Asking opinions

Work in pairs and decide which person might
have the most influence on a young person's
life. You have a minute to do th is.

Collaborative task (Part 3)

EXAM TIP

agreeing and disagreeing

Give your opinions but make sure you al so listen to your
partne r. Ask about their opinions and respond to what
they say.

~

EXAM FOCUS p.207

o

Look at the photos and the exam task and
discuss the question.

III Discuss the foll owing questions.
1

Which people do you think have had the most
infi uence on different stages of your life'

2

Do families sometimes get closer as they get older'
WhylWhy not'

3

Wha t are the advantages and disadvantages of
belonging to a big family?

a grandparent

How
important are

a teacher

relationships
with these people

a twin sister/

when you are

brother

_ - - - - I .IC-_
9rOWing up?
a boyfriend!
girlfriend

a father

Un it 2 Relative values

23

o

Essay (Part I)
using Imkers for contrast
~

WRITING REFERENCE p.ISO

Work in pairs. Read the exam task and essay
title and think of some advantages and
disadvantages of both situations.
In your English class you have been discussing family
relationships. Now your teacher has asked you to

write an essay.
Write an essay using all the notes and give reasons
for your point of view. Write 140-190 words.

1 I I

I

, I I I I

Is it better to have a small or a large age
difference between siblings?

Notes
Write about:

1 competition
2 friend ship
3 le.9J.!lL"9_tO

'"0,<__ (your own idea)

Match 1-6 with A-F to make sentences. Then
decide with a partner which sentences you
agree with.

24

1

Even though siblings who are close in ag e may argue,

2

De spite being born eight years apart,

3

I wish I had a much older brother to give me advice.
On the other hand,

Read the essay and find where the three
points from Activity 1 are mentioned.

I, it better t. hove 0 ,moll .r 0 lorge 0ge differeoce betloleeo ,ibli09'?
J thiok it', hord t. ,ay "'heth er it', better t. have ,ibli09' of a
~imjlar age or rYJVCh older or YOIJ"ger becallse all families are
differeot. We cao't j"dge properly "'hat it ",."Id be like to be io a
diffe reot ,it"atioo. (1) f/ofVeverlEven tho"9h "'e mi9ht like the idea
of havi09 a baby brother or ,i,ter, "'e cao'tj"dge "'hatthat",o"ld
be like io realii)'.
B"t J thiok the 9reate,t advaotage of havi09 a 'mall age 9ap i,
that "'heo yo,,'re a Child, yo" have ,Omeooe to play ",it!" A, ",ell
a, thi" yo" haVe to learo to ,hare YO"r toy" io,tead of j",t keepi09
them to yo"rrelf. Thi, make, playi09 ",ith other childreo o"t,i de th e
family ea,ier. (2) Altho"9hlf/ofVever, there', likely to be "lOCh more
competitioo ",ith a ,ibli09 "'ha" cio,e io age beca",e they may be
jealo", of eaCh other.
The da09er ",ith havi09 a large age 9ap i, thatyo" may oat have

a close relationShip when YOI/re 9,oWn up because yOIJ dOI)Jt haVe
the ,ame ,ha red memo rie,. (~) On the other haod/While the age
9ap become, le" importaot a, yo" get older, ,0 it', al"'ay, po" ible
to make frieod, ",ith yo"r ,ibli09 a, ad"lt,. Speaki09 from my 0"'0

experience} havin9 a sister Who's onlytwo yea rs YOIJfl9er has been

idea l. (q) WherearlDerpite bei09 q"ite differeot, ",e've al",ay, 90t
on and Welre 900d friends nOW weh· advlts.

D

Underline the reasons the student gives for
her point of view. Decide whether you agree
and compare with a partner.

m

Read the essay again and choose the correct
linking word or phrase.

4

A small age gap between sisters can be a good thing,
whereas

5

There is likely to be less competition between siblings
born several years apart. However,

6

While having a sibling of a similar age may seem
deSirable,

A

in my exper ience, boys may become too competitive.

B

my younger brothers are happy to share a bedroom.

James is good friends with his brother, although theres a
big age difference between them.

C

they are more likely to grow up with many shared
memories.

Although theres a big age difference between them, James
is good friends with his brother

D

forming a close bond depends much more on
persona lity than age.

However usually comes at the beginning of a sentence

E

they may find it difficult to develop a lasting
relationship.

F

I expect I'd get t ired of him telling me what to do all
the time.

LANGUAGE TIP
Some linking words can be used at the beginning or
in the middle of a sen te nce, e.g, although, though, even

though, while.

and is followed by a comma.

El

Work in pairs. Turn to page 157 and do the
exam task.

In which of the sentences in Activity 2 is it also

EXAM TIP

possible to use although?

There are no right or wrong answers to the question.
The important thing is to make sure you include all three
points in your es say and explain your point of view.

Unit 2 Relative values

o

Complete the second sentence so that it
has a similar meaning to the first sentence.
You must use between two and five words,
including the word given.
I'm going to throwaway all those old newspapers
tomorrow.
RID
I'm going to ............................................ all those old
newspapers tomorrow.

2

3

4

5

6

Peter has always admired his uncle for everything he
has achieved.
LOOKED
Peter has always ............................................. his uncle for
everything he has achieved.
She didn't know I was coming - I just arrived
unexpectedly on her doorstep.
TURNED
She didn't know I was coming - I just
............................................. on her doorstep.
After fifteen years, the company suddenly became
successfuL
TOOK
The company suddenly ............................................ after it had
been running for fifteen years.
Not many people become successful in the world
of acting.
MAKE
Not many people ............................................. in the world
of acting.
Olivia has told me she wants to escape to a hot
country th is summer
GET
Olivia has told me she wants to ............................................. to
a hot country this summer.

fJ Correct the mistake in each of the sentences.
He's tried really hardly to get tickets for you.
2

The cinema is fairly closely to the station .

3

The football results were absolutely close.

4

She finished late and I was very furious with her

5

They spoke free about their difficult childhood.

6

It was hardly dark but he was completely frightened.

7

It would be a bit bri lliant if we won the Cup FinaL

8

She's been working very hardly lately.

Complete the sentences with the adjectives
in the box.
cautious
confident
creative
independent
practical
sociable
Whereas I'm quite shy about speaking in public, my
brother's always been ..
2

Even at the age of eighty-five, my gran never likes
re lying on other people. She's very ..

3

My husband's not very good at doing things with his
hands. He's not at all ..

4

I prefer my own company but my sisters are the
opposite; they're all really ....

5

My father paints and writes really welL He's always
been really ..

6

I am not prepared to take risks any more. I'm getting
more and more "' .

IJ Complete the sentences using the correct
form of the word in capitals.
My new car isn't as ............................................. as I hoped it
wou ld be.
RELY
2

Molly's story is very ......................................... .. . I don't know
where she gets her ideas from .
IMAGINE

3

My child ren will never try any new food . They aren't
very..
ADVENTURE

4

I don't think you're being very ....
about how much we can fi nish.

REAL

5

I'm absolutely .. .
can't do them.

............. at languages. I just
HOPE

6

I explained I'd been ill but the boss wasn't at
all..
SYMPATHY

D Complete the sentences with the correct
alternative.
1

I reg retted not having/to have a car to drive.

2

He'd like us working/to work late this evening.

3

I'm not very good at running/to run

4

Have you remembered locking/to lock the door'

5

Melan ie has promised inviting/to invite us to stay.

6

She stopped working/to work and had a rest

7

The teacher made me to finish/finish my work
before I left

8

Jim asked me norto/to not speak.

Unit 2 Relat ive values

2S

Multiple choice (Part 5)
~

EXAM FOCUS p.202

D

What matters to you? Put the things in the box in order of importance.
education/career

EXAM TIP

fJ

Read the question stems
and highlight the part of
the text which answers each
question. Then read th e fo ur
options very carefully and
decide on t he answer.

family

friends

interests

possessions

Read the title and first paragraph of the newspaper article and guess
what it will be about. Then read the rest of the article and check.
Read the article again. For questions 1-6, choose the answer (A, B, C or
D) which you think fits best according to the text.
What is the writer's attitude towards football fans at matches'
A She's impressed by their behaviour.
B She's astonished by how they can afford tickets.
C She's embarrassed by how irresponsible th ey are.
D She's sympathetic towards th e strength of their emotions.

2

What does itreferto in line 14'
A an ugly side
B passion
C football
D a penalty shoot-out

3

The wri ter thinks everyo ne should have a passion because
A it puts them in touch with their basic emoti ons.
B it encourag es affectionate behaviour.
C it gives them an excuse to take time off work.
D it makes everything else in life seem unimportant.

4

Wh at does thin on the ground mean in line 77'

A unimpressive

B infrequent
C infiexible

D unexpected

Unit 3 Thing s that niatter

5

The writer mentions Wimbledon to
show that

--

rown men with their
heads buried in each
G
other's shoulders or hidden

The w riter's ma in purpose is to
encoura ge her readers to
S have an enthusiasm for
something.
C show their emotions openly.
D enjoy t hemselves more.

Work in pairs. Do you know
anybody who has a passion for
something? Have you ever had
a passion in common with a
member of your family?

Vocabulary
-ed adjectives and
prepositions
Choose the correct preposition.
Then ask your partner these
questions.
What are you interested in/at' What
do you find boring?

3

Who are you frightened with/or
What do you find frightening'
Wha t do you sometimes feel worried

obout/in'
4

- -

B a wide range of people enjoy this
kind of event

A become sports fans.

2

-

All you need is love (and a scarf)

D people often behave badly to get
on TV

o

- -

A it's not only football w hich inspires
strong feelings.

C spons spectators can behave
u ncha racteri stica lIy.

6

- - -

Who or what do you get annoyed of!

by?
5

What do you sometimes feel
embarrassed in/by' Who do you find
embarrassing?

6

Wh at do you get excited with/a bout?

LANGUAGE TIP
·ed adject ives describe how you feel
about something.

I'm bored with this TV programme.

-ing adjectives describe the noun.
This programme's so boring.

fine

14

behind shaking hands. Young
mothers shouting with joy. This
is what last Saturday's penalty
shoot-out for the European
Cup produced. If you missed
the semi-final , then try and
catch the European Cup Final
on television tomorrow. Then
you'll see what passion does to
people. And, while having an
ugly side, it is, in fact, more
likely to enrich our lives and
make us better people.
Today,
supporters
are
gathering for the big match.
Fans who could not afford the
fare to travel abroad have sold
their car. Others have borrowed
from
relatives they once
promised themselves they would
never borrow from again. And
many will turn up without any
accommodation or even a match
ticket. Despite this, they will be
relieved just to be there, to be
part of it all. It might sound
like madness but, as one who is
going and is incredibly excited
about it, I can tell you I feel
extremely fortunate.
Passion should not be
confused with obsession. There
are those who live in a dream
state, madly in love wi th someone
they will never meet - because
he is a dead singer or a famous
actor who is unlikely ever to
visit their hometown - and
therefore unable to form real
relationships.
However,
there are also ordinary people
- sensible parents, husbands,
employeesand employers- whose
interests are much more healthy
and straightforward. Their
emotions are also linked to
forces they cannot control, but
they are to be admired for it.
Maybe some people are
incapable of finding a passion,
but if so, they are missing out.
Passions are deep, full of joy
and pain, teaching you how to

sob when you feel hurt, how
to deal with disappointment,
how to sing with enthusiasm in
public (not easy). Because of
them you might end up hugging
a complete stranger or making
new friends. They help you to
feel part of a community and
have something to tease your
neighbour about. They are a
great way for famili es to bond
together; many dads insist that
they are spending their time
fishing or playing chess because
their child is keen, when,
actually, they are delighted to
become absorbed by something
outside home, job or money
worries.
Explosions of joy are
normally thin on the ground.
The birth of your child, your
wedding day, a pay rise are
all lovely and a reason to do
something special, but they do
not happen every week. If you
happen to follow a football
or rugby team , there are
celebrations all the time.

line 77

For some, a passi on can be

swi tched on and off - which
is better than not having
a passion at all, I suppose.
Wi tness the behaviour that
tennis brings abou t at the
annual two-week UK tennis
tournament at Wimbledon.
Calm, controlled middle-aged
women are suddenly prepared
to camp overnight on damp
pavements in London and squeal
encouragement. Otherwise cool,
fashionable students are happy
to wave at the TV cameras while
wearing silly hats and sunglasses
that spurt water,
In the end, what defines us
as human is not only language.
It is the ability to care about
something that does not directly
affect our bealth or wealth or
importance.

Passions

are

a

rehearsal for life, a distraction
from boredom and, most of all,
they are fun - even when they let
you down.
Unit 3 Tl1:

,:r

that matter

27

Present perfect and past simple
~

D

GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.176

Home

Archtve

News

Members

I've been mad about horses fur most of
my life.

Search

2

I've been mad about horses for most of my life. I've
never owned one, but my friend and I used to help
out eveny weekend at the local riding stables and
then the owner would let us ride the ponies. But I haven't been
back there since I left home to go to college five years ago
Last month a colleague
at work persuaded me
to take up riding again
so I've been having
lessons with her. I've
only had four so far
but I've just got my
confidence back, so I'll
definitely keep it up

D

I haven't been back there ~ I left home
to go to college five years ago.

m

Divide these time expressions into
those which are usually used with
the past simple.

2

the present perfect.
in2010
yet
so far
already
never
once
j ust
last month
ago
this month
at lunchtime

present perfect simple or
continuous?

El

Match the sentences from the blog
(1 and 2) with the uses of the present
perfect (A and B).
I've been having lessons.

Read Anna's blog, in which she talks about her passion.
Answer questions 1- 5.

2

1

How long has Anna loved horses?

A a completed activity

2

Does she still help out at the stables?

3

When did she start riding again?Why?

B an activity over a period of time (which may
or may not be finished)

4

How long has she been riding again?

S How many lessons has she had?

fl
2

o
o

the past simple, present perfect
simple or present perfect continuous
form of the verbs and phrases in
brackets. There may be more than
one possibility.

Look at the underlined verb forms in the text. Which
ones describe
past habits which are now finished ?
Look at the highlighted example of the present perfect
sim ple in the blog. Circle four more examples.
Match examples 1-3 with uses ofthe present perfect
described in A-C.
I've just got my confidence back.

2

I've never owned one.

3

I've been mad about horses for most of my life.

A

began in the past and is still continuing

B has recently happened and is relevant to the present
C refers to indefinite time in the past

Unit 3 Tl1ing~ th:'lt matter

I've had four lessons.

III Complete the sentences below with

1 completed actions in the past?

28

Look at the sentences. Which of the
time expressions underlined refers to
a period of time and which to a point
in time?

.......................... (ride) a motorbike since I

was seventeen.
2
3
4

.......................... (once witness) a crime.
...... (live) abroad when I was a child.
.......................... (have) an operation a few
yea rs ago.

S i .......................... (never go) camping.
6

fJ

I ....................... (just win) a competition.
Work in pairs. Ask and answer
questions with Have you ever ... ? and
How long ... ? Use the ideas in Activity
8 to help you. If appropriate, ask for
more details, using When? Why? etc.

Grammar
os and like
~

GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.164

o

Complete sentences 1-6 w it h as or like.

1

Was that fi lm ................. all his other ones?

2

Shall we stil l have lunch together, ................. we
said yesterday?

3

I've always regarded you ................. a friend.

4

A job ................ that one takes a long time
to finish.

5

He's work ing ................. a waiter in the holidays.

6

Please do it carefully, ................. I asked you.

Pixie Lott: What makes me happy
The London-based singer tells us about the
things that make her smile.
I'm at my happiest when I'm (0) . .. .li!J. ...... .
stage ar writing music. Music, for me, is
medicine and writing songs is a kind of
therapy. And, (1) .
..... lots of peop le ,
even just listening to music makes me
happy If I'm fed up or worried (2) ...
my family or something, I just put my iPod

LANGUAGE TIP

.. ...... a way of
on loud. I use music (3) . ..
relaxing and there's always a song that
matches my mood . But the song I like best is

as + noun, for a role or pu rpose:
She works as a musician. I use that room as a study.

a 1980s tune, (4) .
.. .... my friends and I
play at full vo lume (5) ......
.... we're getting

as + noun clause, for manner: I treated him as my son.

ready to go out. I've got some very happy

like + noun, for com parison:
You're just like Tony.; Like Jane, I love jazz.

memories associated with that song .
When I (6) .
......... had a bad day or feel
unhappy, I usually go to the p ,ana and write
o song . Sometimes I'm almost cry ing at the

like + noun for informal examples:
Food like that risotto is worth waiting for.

Open doze (Part 2)
~

EXAM FOCUS p.20 I

B
2

D
D

o

time but I always feel much (7) ..
cheerful afterwards. The emotion

IS

real and

it really helps me. I'm not rea ll y sure why

Work in pa irs and discuss t he questions.

music connects so strongly Wi th me but it

What do you do to cheer yourself up when
you're depressed?

always (8) .

....... these days.

What makes you really happy?

Read the text q uickly. Underline t hree t hings
that make Pixie happy. Are you like her?
Look at t he example (0). What pa rt of speech
is it? Now look at gaps 1-8. What kind of word
is missing?
Read the text again and t hink of t he word
which best fits each gap. Use on ly one word in
each gap.

EXAM TIP
Read the whole sen tence, especially the words before
and after each gap. Thin k about what kind of wo rd is
missing (e.g. a prepo sition, a pronoun).

IlJ

Compare your answers with a partner.

Unit 3 Things th 3t matter

29

LI FE-OF-LUXU RY.CO.U K

Vt!:W

VIEW
[)FlAILS "

A()() 10

~FTAI

Speaking and vocabulary
Match the price tags with the things in the
pictures. Then see if your partner agrees.
Decide whether each thing is

away

good value for money.

3

a waste of money.
£675
$102.3 million
€4,200
£35,000

f)

30

of

on

to

within

It's difficult to live ................. your means when you're
a student.

$158,500

Match the two halves of the expressions. Then
discuss what they mean with a partner. Do you
have similar expressions in your language?

1

He's got more money

A

2

Put your money where

3

I'm a bit short

B not made of money.
C a fortune.

4

Money's a bit

D your mouth is.

5

She's got money

6

He's worth

7

My mum always says she's

E tight at the moment.
F to make ends meet.
G of money this month.

S

It's someti mes hard

H than sense.

Unit 3 Thin<;ls that m;3tt('r

in

-_._----- ---_._----

worth the money.
2

OFTAlt S ...

Complete the sentences with the prepositions
in the box. Which of the statements do
you agree with and why?

money

o

VII:.W

"""
10 •
BASKEl

BASKFT ..

s.

to burn.

2

You should always avoid being ..................... debt.

3

Having to live .................... a tight budget is boring.

4

Very rich people should give most of their
money ..

5

It's not a good idea to lend your credit
card
...... a friend.

6

Young people today have a higher standard ..
living than their grandparents' generation.

Sentence completion

31 BUSINESS

(Part 2)
~

EXAM FOCUS p.204

D

You're going to hea r a mult imi ll ionaire called Gavin Norri s
talking about his life. Read t he
gapped sentences. Wh ich of A-E
do you expect t o hea r?

A

how he made his fortune

B

his attitude to money

C

his typical working day

Gavin Norris started his business career by

D

what he spends his money on

selling (1) ....... ........... ..... ............ in a market in 1984.

E

where he lives

D

Before Gavin sold his first company in 1998, he had

011 List en and check.

III Look at t he gap in each
sentence. Where do you t hink
you ca n put
a number?

2

a noun?

3

a plu ral form?

4

on ly one word?

EXAM TIP
Usually, you only have to write one
or two words or a number in the gap.
Occasionally, you may need to write
three words.

250 (2) ......................... ...... .... .
Gavin became interested in helping (3) .................................. .
learn about business.
In 2004 Gavin decided to lend money t o
(4) ................................ .. . in Africa who needed help.
Gavin realised that as little as (5) £ .................................. .
was enough to change a person's life.
The project to build a (6) ...... .. ......... .. ................ was very
special for Gavin.
Being involved in charity work has helped Gavin t o val ue his

D

Listen again and complete the
gapped sentences.

III Compare your answers in pa irs.
Then list en again to check, Make
su re you have spelt t he words
correct ly.

m

Work in pairs and discuss t he
questions.

1 How do you think Gavin's chi ldren
fee l about his decision to give all his
money away?
2

(7) .......... .. .. .. .. .. ............... more.
Now Gavin gives the profits from his (8) ........................ .......... .
companies to development projects.
Gavin believes money can't bring
happiness but it can
bring (9) ................................... .
Gavin intends to give his children
money for a (10) .. .. ..........................,'-~..,,:

What problems can people have if
they inherit a lot of money?

Unit 3 Things that matter

31

•

•

Comparing
~

GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.165

o

012 Look at sentences 1-3 taken from the listening on page 31 and
complete them with the correct comparative or superlative form of the
adjectives in brackets. Then listen and check.

,

I'm ...................... (interested) I used to be in holidays.

2

Bu ilding the hospital was .......

3

I'm ...

... (satisfying) experience of my life.

........... (happy) I was twenty years ago.

El Decide which pairs of sentences have a similar meaning, and which
have a different meaning.
,

A I've never been as happy as I am now.
B I'm just as happy now as I ever was.

2

A My car was by far the most expensive thing I've ever bought.
B My car was a lot more expensive than anything else I've ever bought.

3

A My grandfather is one of the most generous people I know.
B There aren't many people who are as generous as my grandfather.

D

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the
first, using the word in bold.
Example: A scooter isn't nearly 05 expensive 05 0 sports cor
A sports cor is .q.kJ,t..n:rpr~. expe."s.ir~ ..th.(/t1.. 0 scooter.

LOT

,

Our standard of living is a bit lower than it was.
Our standard of living is not..
.. it was.

2

There aren't many cities which are as exciting as Rio de Janeiro.
Rio de Janeiro is .....
.. ........ exciting cities.

3

She doesn't have nearly as much free time now.
She has .......................... free time than before.

4

Not many people earn such a high salary as he does.
His salary is ......................... most people's.

5

He's almost as wealthy as she is.
She's.
... him.

6

It's getting much more difficult to get a bank loan. AS
It is....
.. ........ to get a bank loan now.

Speaking

QUITE
ONE

LESS
THAN

BIT

comparing quantities

D Use the table to make six sentences that are true about you.
most

I spend

I don't spend

D

a large amount
quite a lot

of my money on .. .

hardly any

of my time -ing.

much

any

Compare your answers in groups and write a paragraph about how
your group spends time and money.
Example: The thing we spend mosVleast time/money on is ... More/Less than half of

us spend 0 large amount on .
32

Unit 3 Thing:, [r. at

n ~,J tter

Long turn (Part 2)
comparing
~

EXAM FOCUS p.206

o

What do these photographs have in common?
Choose A or B.

A

They show things which are important to people.

B

They show people in unusual situations.

El Make a list of the similarities and d ifferences
between the two photographs.

IJ 013

Listen to a student comparing the two
photographs. Does she mention any of the
points on your list?

IJ Complete the sentences with like or as if/as
though. In which sentences is it only possible
to use like? Why?
1

It looks .............. a graduation ceremony.

2

The man looks ............ he's very proud of his car.

3

It looks .............. hard work.

4

He looks ........... he's a bit obsessive.

5

She looks .......... she's having more fun than the man.

~

GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.164

11 Look at sentences A and B and answer
questions 1-3 about whereas and while.
A
B

While the man may have a passion for his car, it's
probably not something that will last for his whole life.
The first picture is celebrating an achievement whereas
the second picture shows someone who values an
important possession.
Which sentence is making a comparison and showing
how the two things are different?

2

In which sentence is it possible to use both whereas
and while'

3

In which sentence could you use although instead of

while/whereas?

m

Make sentences with both, too or a/50. Where
can you put these words in the sentence?
There may be more than one possibility.

D

Work in pairs.
Student A, look at the photos on page 152.
Student B, look at the photos on page 154.
Take turns to compare your photos. Try to use
expressions with whereas, while, bath, a/so,
too, like, as if/as though.

EXAM TIP
Don't describe what's in the pictures. Focus on the
main topic and compare the main similarity and any
differences between the pictures.

IlJ Work in pairs. Do you agree with this

the pictures show an achievement (bath)

statement?

2

the man looks happy (also)

3

the man seems to be enjoying himself (too)

Happiness is not having what you want but wanting
what you have.

Unit 3 Things that matter

33

Article (Part 2)

D Look at notes A-H and choose whether to .
include them in paragraph two (a simple
description ofthe object) or paragraph three
(the reasons why it's special to you).

engaging the reader
WRITING REFERENCE p.185

~

o
1
2

Look at the exam task and answer
the questions.
What kind of style will you write it in 7 How do
you know 7

ei9Meenth birthday present from parents

B

I'lot expet)iv e Ql)d very ordinary to look at
two years old
J
vS'ed to have to Share my brother , computer
all my phot09raphs are on it
made by Toshiba
user-friendly
co"toin> friends'! detailS'

c
o

What information do you need to include 7

E
F
G
H

You see this advertisement in a magazine for young
people.

What I'd save in a fil'e
Write us an article describing
something you own and explaining
why it's important to you.

A

D Work in pairs. Write paragraphs two and three,
using the ideas in Activity 3.

The best artIcle will be published ill

:..t.~: .~.~q~~;r:~. ~:~! .t;1.~r;~ ..... ....... ... :
Write your article in 140-190 words.

fJ

D Look at possible concluding sentences A and
B. Which one would have the most positive
effect on a reader?

Look at opening paragraphs A and B. Wh ich
one is most effective? Think about
how appropriate the style is.

2

how varied the language is.

3

whether it engages the reader.

A

50 for all these reasonS, the first thin9 I would
think of takin9 with me is my laptop .

B

The main reason I'd grab my laptop first
In a fi re IS because I'd be heartbroken to
lose al l my photos, which have so many
happy memOries for me.

EXAM TIP
Try to 'speak' directly to the rea der for maximum impact

A

What I~ rave io a fire
Have yov eVer thov9M about which po~~e~sion
yO(J~ choo~e to ra ve if yovr house WaS" 0/"1
tire? Well, for me it wovld definitely be my
laptop. ObViously, I!:l reScue my family aod pets
tirst but after that it would be my precious
compvter.

B

What I'd save In a fire
My laptop 15 very Important to me and
I wo uld be very upset If It got lost
or damaged. I 5pend hours every day
uSing my laptop and I wou ld be 105t
Without It. I think m05t people feel the
same way about the ir laptops.

m

Make notes on your own response to the
advert. Choose a favourite possession and
divide your notes into four paragraphs:

1

Introduction (an introduction to get the readers'
attention)

2

Backgrou nd (a description of the object)

3

Opinion (the reasons why it is important to you)

4

Conclusion (a brief conclusion)

LANGUAGE TIP
Use extreme adjectives such as amazing, and extreme
adverbs such as ab50lurely and incredibly for emphasis.

D Write your article in 140-190 words. Then
check it for spelling and punctuation. Write
another draft if necessary.

III Read other students' articles and choose
which ones to include in the magazine.
34

Unit 3 Things that matter

o
1

D high

B fortu ne

B in

C from

B lacking

C short

B at

C with

B within

Golf is not a very ..

3

Having a passion can make life more

4

I'm really ....................... by my obsession with that actor.
EMBARRASS

5

What is the most . ..................... film you have ever seen?
FRIGHTEN

6

I'm .

C under

........ sport to watch on TV.
INTEREST

EXCITE

D at

D tight

............. that the Cup Final is over at last.

D in

RELIEF

I'm still learning to live ............ my means.
A between

WORRY

2

C resource D wealth

She is always ............. debt at the end of t he term.
A on

6

C great

I'm afraid I can't come because I'm ............. of money.

A low
5

B big

When I was at college I had to learn to live .......
a budget.

A on
4

I haven't got much money but I'm not ..
about it.

The house they live in must be worth a ..

A treasure
3

from the word in capita ls.

A ............. standard of living is important to me.

A ta ll
2

11 Complete the sentences with a word formed

Choose the correct word to complete the
sentences.

D Complete the gaps with one word.

D at

fJ Complete the second sentence so that it
means the same as the first sentence using
the word given. Use between two and five
words, including the word given.
1

Rebecca started living here five years ago.
Rebecca .................. .................. five years.

2

I last saw Mike in 2006.
1 ............................. .... ... 2006.

3

This is my first visit to India.
Th is is t he first ..................................... to India.

FOR
SINCE
TIME

5

I don't spend much money on clothes
ANY
these days.
I ................................... money on clothes these days.

7

Both Tom and Zak are equally friendly.
Tom is ................................... Zak.

8

There aren't many fashion designers that are as
expensive as Prada .
Prada is ............................. ...... fashion designers.

who was (3) ........... more attractive than me and
just (4) ........... intelligent as me, but I still felt

It's ki nd of you but I had a coffee earlier.
ALREADY
It's kind of you bu t I .................................... a coffee.

This hotel isn't nea rly as expensive as the
ot her one.
The other hotel is ................. ........... this one.

(1) ............ all kinds of things. I knew I

would never look (2) ... .... my sister,

4

6

W

hen I was younger, I used to worry

FAR

jea lous. I was also embarrassed (S)

my

father, who worked (6) ............ an actor, instead
of having a 'normal' job. However, I have always

(7) ............. very close to (8) ............. of my parents
and know I am very lucky to have them.

JUST

ONE

Unit 3 Things that matter

35

Speaking

D
1

How much do you know about Antarct ica? Do the quiz. Then t urn t o
page 160 and check your answers.
Antarctica has the world's largest
A volcano.

2

B desert.

C mountain range.

Has Antarctica always been cold?
A No, it used to be tropical.
B Yes, it's always been covered in thick ice.
C Yes, but the ice used to be a lot thinner.

3

Which of these animals do you NOT get in Antarctica?

4

Who led the first team to reach the South Pole in 1911 7

A penguins

B seals

C polar bears

A Roald Amundsen
B Robert Falcon Scott
C Ernest Shackleton
5

Why is Ernest Shackleton's 1908 expedition famous 7
A Everyone except Shackleton survived the trip.
B The men survived but they didn't get to the South Pole.
C All the men died on the way back from the South Pole.

I

~-

" 50

Multiple choice (Part 4)

m

Check your answers in pairs. Then listen again.
What words or phrases did you hear to justify
choosing A, B or C for each question?

EXAM FOCUS p.205

~

fJ

You are going to hear an interview in which
an explorer called Leo Stone is talking about
a book by Henry Worsley on his expedition
to the South Pole. Before you listen, read the
questions and underline the key words.
What does Leo say about Henry Worsley's team'
A They had never considered doing a trip to the South
Pole before.
B They had personal reasons for wanting to complete
the journey.

C They were trying to break a world record.
2

What does Leo say was the hardest thing for Worsley's
team before the expedition'

D Discuss the questions.
What would you find hard about a trip like this'
2

Shackleton is considered a hero and a role model by
many people. Who are your heroes and role models'

3

Where would you most like to travel to' Why?

Vocabulary
idioms: the body

m

Match the underlined idioms 1-10 with
meanings A-J.

The hardest part was getting their heads around doing
a 900-mile journey.

A organising the finance
B preparing mentally

2

When he came face to face w ith conditions there,
Shackleton began to doubt he'd ever reach the Pole.

3

He's always Dutting his foot in it. He just doesn't know
when to keep his mouth shut.

4

My father and I don't see eye to eye. Perhaps our
relationship will improve when I leave home.

C carrying their equipment

S

Something in the distance caught my eye.

What problem did both expeditions experience?

6

I must keep an eye on the time. I don't want to be late.

A running out of food

7

It was really difficult to keep a straight face; he looked
so silly.

C bad weather

8

I'm beginning to get cold feet about the whole idea.

How did Worsley feel when he was crossing the
Antarctic plateau'

9

I can't face going to work. I feel terrible.

C getting physically fit
3

What does Leo say was easier for the twenty-first
century expedition than for Shackleton's expedition?
A planning their daily route
B doing the cooking

4

B a serious illness
S

A He hadn't expected it to be so difficult.
B He was worried they wouldn't reach the South Pole.

C He doubted his skills as a leader
6

The part of the book Leo enjoyed most was
when Worsley
A reached the South Pole.
B arrived at the point Shackleton had got to.

C completed the trip.
7

What does Leo admire about Shackleton'
A his determination

10 You need to put your foot down. Don't agree to
working late every evening.
A
B

look serious

C

attract your attention

D

change your mind

E

get on with each other

F

feel unable to

G

very close to

H

say the wrong thing
say no to something

B his ambition

C his bravery

EXAM TIP
The information on the recording will be in the same
order as questions 1-7.

D0

pay attention to

J

D

understand/accept an idea

When was the last time you
put your foot in it?

2

couldn't face doing something'

3

put your foot down?

4

couldn't keep a straight face'

14 listen to the review and answer
questions 1-7.
Unit 4 Battling natu re

37

Narrative forms

past perfect simple and past perfect
continuous

past simple, past continuous and
past perfect
~

mComplete
the sentences with the
past perfect simple or past perfect

GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.l77

D

You are going to read a story about a man who was
shipwrecked on a desert island. Read paragraph 1
and pred ict what happens next.

Last October, 79-year-old
Mark Richards set off from
Florida in his cabin cruiser. He
had planned to sail to Nassau
in the Bahamas in twelve
hours. However, while he was
sailing there, a storm blew up
and he was shipwrecked on a
small island.

fJ
1

Read paragraph 1 again. Which ofthe underlined
forms is
past simple?

2

past continuous?

3

continuous form of the verbs in brackets.
Then match the examples with one of
the statements, A or B.
1

He.. ....... (work) as a lifeguard for ten years but
.............. (never need) to rescue anyone until last
week.

2

Andy's leg .............. (hurt) for ages before he went
to the doctor.

3

We ............ (never see) a glacier before.

4

I..

A

Only the simple form is possible here.

B

It is more natural to use the continuous form
here because the action continues over a period
of time (although it isn't wrong to use the simple
form).

D

past perfect?
1

D

Which one

1

refers to a finished event?

2

describes a si tuation which happened before another past
action?

3

describes an action already in progress when something else
happened?

11 Read the rest of the story quickly. Don't worry about
the gaps yet. How well did you predict the ending?

D

Now complete the story with the correct form of the
verbs in brackets.

His family realised he (1) ............. (miss) and a massive
search was launched. But they (2) ............. (have to) wait
for three long days before they finally (3) ............. (hear)
that some fishermen (4) ............ (rescue) him.
Mr Richards survived for three days on a mixture of
dried noodles and snack bars which (5) ...... .... (jIoat)
ashore from his boat. Mr Richards knew he would be
rescued eventually because there were a lot of boats
in the area. ' I wasn't frightened but r was pleased to
be rescued on the third day because r (6) ............. (start)
to feel quite hungry,' he said.

.. .. (not hear) the news until Sophie rang me.

Complete the sentences so that B has the
same meaning as A. Sometimes more
than one form is possible.
A Jack was hoping to compete in the Olympics.
Then he hurt his back.
B Before he ............................. (hurt) his back,
Jack ......................... (hope) to compete in the
Olympics.

2

A Luke spent six months in hospital. He studied
to be a lawyer during this time.
B While Luke ............................. (recover) in hospital,
he ..
.. .... (study) to be a lawyer.

3

A During his swim to the island, Lewis cut his
knee badly on a rock.
B Lewis
.............. (swim) to the island when
he .............................. (cut) his knee on a rock.

4

A Fauzia didn't feel well all day, so she decided
not to go to Zhara's party last night.
B Because she...
.. ......... ((een well all day,
Fauzia ............................... (decide) not to go to
Zhara's party last night.

fI

Look at the exam task in Activity 1 and discuss
the question with a partner. Ta lk about:
what in particular you think would be easy/difficult
about each skill.
why you personally might find a particular ski ll
difficult.

11 0

15 Look at Activity 1 and listen to two
students doing the second part of the task.
Do you agree wit h their opinions?

D

Complete the sentences and then listen again
to check your answers .
..... ........ ... .. of the .....

.. .......... for me would be finding

water.

Collaborative task (Part 3)

2

I'd ........................ making a fire..

3

I t hink learning how to make a fire would be the
........................ for me.

4

So ....................... five skills, making a fire and finding water
wou ld be the most useful.

ranking
~

g

EXAM FOCUS p20?

o

Work in pa irs. Look at the examiner's
instructions and underline the two things you
have to discuss.
I'd like you to imagine that you are going on a
college expedition to a desert island. Here are some
survival skills you might need on the island. Talk to
each other about how difficult it would be to learn
these surviva l skills.
(after a two-minute di scussion) Thank you.
Now yo u have about a minute to decide whic h two
survival skills would be the most useful on the island.

. ...... making a shelter.

Change the sentences in Activity 4 so that
they have the opposite meaning.

m

Decide with a partner which two survival skills
you think would be the least useful on the
island. Include some of the expressions from
Activity 5.

EXAM TIP
Use all of the time (about one minute) you have to
deci de someth ing together - don't reach a decision too
qu ickly

Discussion (Part 4)
making a shelter

~

EXAM FOCUS p.20?

fJ
finding
water

How difficult
wou ld it be
to learn these

making a
fire

,

What kind of person do you need to be to survive on
a desert island'

2

How essential is it for people to know how to survive
in the wild?

3

Do you think most people today have lost touch
wi t h nature'

4

In what ways can the natural world be a threat
to humans'

survival skills?

building a boat/raft

Work in pairs and discuss the questions.

fishing without a rod

Unit 4 Battling nat ure

39

1:1 Work in pairs and discuss the questions.

Speaking

D
1

Look at the paragraph headings in the article.
Discuss questions 1-4 with a partner.

1

Which person do you think had the luckiest escape?

2

Which of these experiences do you think would be the
most frightening?

How do you think you would react in
these situations?

3

Do you know of any disaster films connected to the
weather? What happens?

2

Which of these experiences might give you shock,
frostbite or hypothermia?

3

Which could give you injuries such as broken bones?

4

What other kinds of extreme weather conditions can
you think of?

m

ColumnA

EXAM FOCUS p,203

fJ

collocations and idioms: weather
Match the words in column A with their
collocations in column B.

Multiple matching (Part 7)
~

Vocabulary

Read the article. Did anyone have serious
injuries as a result of their experiences?

11 Read the questions in Activity 4 and underline

For questions 2-10, choose from the people
A-D. The people may be chosen more than
once.
Which person
remembers panicking about the situation
he was in?
describes his efforts to stay awake?
mentions being in pain all over after the
incident?

2
3
4

believes that crying helped him to survive?

5

describes the multiple injuries he received?

6

remembers the long wait before being
rescued?

7

mentions the temporary deafness he
suffered?

8

says he was unable to relate to his rescuers?

9

talks about experiencing big variations in
body temperature?

40

A

assumes he must have been thrown up
into the air?

Unit 4 Battling nature

2 boiling

B

black

3 soaking

C

frozen

pitch

D cold

5

absolutely

E hot

6

thick/dense

F wind/sun

7

torrential/heavy

G sea

EXAM TIP

D

wet

4

the key words and phrases. Then scan the texts
for words and expressions which have the
same meaning. The first one is done for you.

Be careful' There might seem to be similar information
in more tha n one text Make su re the word or expression
you choose has the same meaning as in the question,

110 1

freezing

Column B
A

1

8 strong

H frost

9 a rough

I

rain

J

fog

10 a hard

D

Work in pairs and discuss the questions.
Which of the weather conditions in Activity 6 have you
experienced?

2

Where were you and how did you feel?

El)

How would someone be feeling if

1

they froze when they saw something?

2

they stormed out of somewhere?

3

they moved like lightning?

4

they were icy with someone?

5

their face clouded over?

6

their face was li ke thunder?

11

Battling fi~tu re
FOUR PEOPLE TALK ABOUT THEIR STORIES OF SURVIVAL

A L ester Morlang was buried in an avalanche in Colorado.
There was no warning. It was instant. AI! of a sudden I was curled up in a ball. Then it
was over and I was buried under about fifty feet of snow. It was totally dark. My mouth was

packed with snow and the pressure was enormous. It was hard to breathe and I didn't know
which direction was up. I thought I was already dead. Luckily I had my hands over my face
so I cleared the snow out of my mouth and then I started screaming. I absolutely lost it -I
was out of my mind and then 1noticed my tears were running across my face so 1realised I
must be lying kind of upside down. Now I felt determined to get out. I dug for twenty-two
hours, and when [ fjnal1y saw the first little bit of light I was over the moon, although it was
fourteen hours before anyone found me .•
I

B Rod Herd was on a boat with the New Zealand Police Search and Rescue
team when he nearly drowned.
When we hit the wave, I was thrown against the window, which smashed and let in a
tremendous volume of water. There was no air, just pitch darkness, noise and violent
movement. I had no idea the boat had overturned. I felt sad, anxious and despairing, and
the fear of drowning was unbearable. I couldn't hold my breath any longer and at this
point I had a vision of my wife and sons waving me goodbye, and I felt at peace. But then
I grabbed a stair rail and found myself back in the real world. I managed to pull myself up
to the surface and then had to deal with the shock and hypothermia. Trying to stay afloat
kept my mind off it, although I had to fight the desire to go to sleep. When the helicopter
arrived soon afterwards, I vividly remember feeling disconnected from the people who
were there to save me .•

C John Neidigh survived a tornado in Mississippi.
I heard the warning on the television and had just enough time to lie down and cover
my head with my arms. The feel of a twister approaching is like a goods train - that low,
ever·louder howl and the shuddering ground. First, a sheet of rain sprayed against the
side of my trailer like machine-gun fire. I could hear trees snapping, and the roof began
to come off as the trailer started moving up and down. Just as I felt the entire trailer lift
off the ground, I lost consciousness and woke up twenty minutes later face-down outside.
The evening was completely quiet, no wind, no cars, no insect noises. I had gone through
the trailer wall, ended up thirty feet up in a tree, and then dropped to the ground. I had
concussion, a collapsed lung, cracked ribs and a shattered leg. These things should have
killed me but the surgeons sewed me back together again .•

D

M axlightning
Dearing was on the golf course in North Carolina when
struck.

It happened on a lovely July afternoon while I was playing golf with friends from work.
When it started to drizzle, we decided to get under a shelter. We were standing there
teasing each other and I remember the air had an unusual sweet smell. When the lightning
struck, I felt absolutely frozen but then part of me was boiling hot too. I saw these flashing
lights and there was such an incredibly loud noise that I couldn't hear anything for a while.
My arms and legs felt heavy. Every bit of my body - including my hair, my eyelashes - hurt.
It was a dull ache and yet so sharp at the same time, like a bad headache and needles
being stuck in every part of your body .•

Unit 4 Ban ling nature

41

Articles

Speaking

definite, indefinite and zero articles

Q

GRAMMA R REFERENCE p.163

~

D

Choose the correct option a/an, the or (-) for
no article to complete rules 1-8. Use the text
on page 4 1 to help you.

Have you ever

1

been afraid of a storm'

2

been snowed in'

3

had heatstroke'

We use a/an/thel(-) when there is on ly one of
something in t his context.

4

been in a fiood'

5

skidded on a patch of ice'

3

We use a/an/the/ (-) to talk about plural countable
nouns in general.

6

seen lightning strike'

7

lost your way in fog'

4

We use a/ an/thel(-) to refer back to nouns mentioned
before (or where the meaning is clear from the
context).

8

been in or on a rough sea?

5

We use a/an/ the/(-) with superlative forms.

6

We use a/an/thel(-) with many common expressions
such as home, school, etc.

7

We use a/ an/ thel(-) with singular countable nouns
when mentioned for the first time, or when it is not
important which one.

We use a/ an/the/(-) when there is on ly one of
something in existence.
2

8

fJ

We use a/an/ thel(-) with uncountable and abstract
nouns.

Match rules 1-8 from Activity 1 with extracts
A-F from the text on page 41.

A

I grabbed a stair rail and found myself ..

B

I could hear trees snapping.

C

.. . and the roo/began to come off.

D

My mout h was packed with snow and the pressure
was enormous.

E

I cleared the snow out of my mouth.

F

I was playing golf with fr iends from work.

LANGUAGE TIP
We norma lly use possess ives, not articles fo r parts of t he
body, e.g. my face NOT the face.

D Complete the gaps in the story with a/an,
the or (-).

42

Work in groups. Find somebody w ho has had
one of the following experiences. Tell the class
about it.

Unit 4 Battling nature

•

A pilot's story
As pilots, we have to get used to (1) .
storms and (2) ... .. .. .... . severe weather, and
we are obviously prepared for (3) .
emergencies. However, sometimes they can
take you by (4) ........... surprise. A year ago,
I was flying to (5) .... .. . USA and we were
over (6) ... ... ... .. . Atlantic Ocean when a ball of
lightning struck (7) ......... aircraft I was flying.
. bright blue ball of
Within seconds, (8) ...
light with (9) .. .... ...... . yellow tail filled
(10) . .. .. . . windscreen and there was
(11) .... .. .... . loud bang. My colleague said it felt
as if (12) ..
. cat had brushed against his
leg as (13) .... ....... .. lightning struck Fortunately,
after a lot of violent shaking, (14) ... ... .... ... things
soon returned to (15) .. . . . .. . normal.

Vocabulary
negative prefixes

o

In each sentence, underline the prefix
which makes a word negative.

1

The first expedition was unsuccessful.

2

The Antarctic is the most incred ible place I
have been to.

3

The group on t he expedition felt discouraged

m

Use the word given in capitals at the end of some
of the lines to form a word that fits in the gap in the
same line. Which words need a negative prefix?

EXAM TIP
You may need to add a prefix or a suffi x to change the word to
another part of speech, e.g. happy ~ happiness.

at ti mes.
4

It's impossible to think of living in such
freezing conditions.

5

They misunderstood our instructions and
went the wrong way.

6

Some people thought it was irresponsible to
go in such icy conditions.

f)

rJ~~;:~e:~=~'~;~; place In North America got
a very (1) ................. group of
11f!"r.• .cr(>SSE!d It on their way to California In
'9. Ha\~ng no Idea that temperatures could
degrees Fahrenheit, they nearly
which IS why It was named Death

t,!

Add a negative prefix to the underlined
words in sentences 1-6.

lOne advantage of winter is how much we
spend on heating our homes.
2

I read how severe the weather conditions
would be so was not prepared.

3

It's likely that we'll be able to have a barbecue
unless it gets much warmer.

4

I've noticed that people get patient when
they're driving during hot weather.

5

It was a great job despite the regular
working hours.

6

I'd be capable of surviving in low temperatures
even if I had the right equipment

M><.nitP itS name more than 1 3 milhon

~;iik~~:'i;~~,;;v;st;;:dI90
there !!Very year.
that many of them have

B

how (3) ................ .
dry dlmate can be Also,
!'~~;gh.~wal;:;kers often do not drink
or wear the (5) .. .......... ..
"
a~ ~Ulred In thiS extreme heat.

IJ Work in pairs. Discuss something
1

which is unusual about you.

2

incredible that has happened to you.

3

that makes you impatient

Word formation
(Part 3)
~

EXAM FOCUS p.20 I

IJ Look at the photo and the title of the
article. What kind of place do you think
Death Valley is? How do you think it
got its name?

D Look at each gap and decide what part
of speech is missing.

El What advice would you give to someone going to a
very hot or cold climate?
Examples:
You should (drink) .. Make sure you (wear) . . Avoid (sitting in the
sun). Don't (ignore) warning signs.

Unit 4 Battling nature

43

Essay (Part I)

D

expressing and supporting ideas
~

WRITING REFERENCE P 180

o
f)

Wou ld you like the chance to explore an
extreme environment such as Antarctica?
What would you li ke to do if you had the
opportunity?
Work in pairs. Read the essay title and discuss
whether you agree or disagree with t he idea
of adventure tourism.

EXAM TIP
Re member to clearly state your main point in the form of
a to pic sentence for each note. Support it with a reason
or example if t here is space.

m

Think about what your own point w ill be for
note 3 in Activity 2 and compare your idea
w ith a partner. There are some suggestions
below. Remember to give a reason for the
point you choose.

In your English class you have been talking about
extreme environments. Now your English teache r
has asked you to write an essay.
Write an essay usi ng all the points and give reasons
fo r your point of view. Write 140-190 words.

Do you think 'adventure tourism' in unexplored
parts of the world should be encouraged?

Notes
Write about:

Think of some more points and supporti ng
information (examples or reasons) for notes
1 and 2 in Activity 2. Compare your ideas w it h
a partner.

local job opportunities
personal development
cost ofrescuing people
knowledge about the world

11 Read the essay tit le and task and plan how
you will answer it. Use the guidelines 1-4
below.

1 negative effects of tourism
2 personal risk

In your English class you have been discussing the
importance of nature. Now your teacher has asked
you to write an essay.

3 . ......................... (your own idea)

Write an essay using all the notes and give reasons
for your point of view. Write 140-190 words.

11 Mat ch the ideas 1-4 with notes 1 and 2
in Activity 2. Decide whether the writer is
agreeing or disagreeing with the essay title in
each case.

Many people think living in the countryside
provides a better way of life. To what extent do
you agree?

1 If peo_ple trai" and prepare fo_, expedition)} there')
a 900d chance they'll be ,afe.
2 The problem i, that bea"ti{,,/ places.. wilLget ,poilt _
__ iL too maQy_p.eople 9.0 the.re.
3 AS' long as people r.eS'pectthe efwironmeni; there
,ho."ld be very little damage.

Notes
Write about:
1 health benefits
2 day to day life
3
.............. ...........__......... (your own idea)

~ In my View, anythin9 too dan9ero", ,ho"ld be left

to the profeSSionalS'.

D

Read the question and underline the key points.

Match the reasons A-D with the points 1-4 in
Activity 3.

A An increased number of totJriS'tS' ~j!llead to more
b"ildin9 developmeo.t
8 If people don't kl'loW whatthelre doin91 it can endanger
their liYeS" and the Jiver of otherS'.
_ C_ It requiref people to be_rerpgnS'ibJe Qfld avoid leaVing _
_ _ rvbbiS'h arovnd. _ _
_ ______ _

_
44

D The,e ..<iay" there i, ~ !.et.Q(<t.q "ipme.ntto help_people. _
Unit 4 Battli ng nature

2

Brainstorm ideas around the topic. What will your own
idea be?

3

Make notes on the positive and negative points.
Do you agree or disagree, or can you see both sides?

4

Plan how many paragraphs you wi ll have and decide
which notes you will include in each one.

D

Complete the gaps in t he article with a/an, the
or (-) for no article.

If)

Use the word given in capitals at the end of the
sentence to form a word that fits the space.
.. of skiing. I'm too scared.

lam ..
2

CAPABLE

...... his explanation and went the wrong way.
UNDERSTANDING

.......... worker. He never arrives on time.
RELY

3

He is a very

4

My mother is
.......... with my younger brother She
never explains things properly.
PATIENCE

S That is an extremely
....... way to behave. Vou
should be trying to set a good example.
RESPONSIBILITY
6

If you're ....................... , speak to the manager and I'm sure
he'll be able to help.
SATISFACTION

11 Match the first part of sentences 1-6 with
their endings A-F.
I always put my foot in it when I'm nervous and
2

I can never keep a straight face so

3

I'm getting cold feet about the cycling race because

4

Tom and I don't see eye to eye about many issues so

5

My parents wan t me to keep an eye on my brother so

6

If something in a shop window catches my eye

A

I'm useless at telling jokes.

B

I say really embarrassing things.

C

I won't be able to go out tonight.

D

I can't resist going in to look at it.

E

I don't think I've trained enough .

F

I can't see our relationship lasting.

IJ Complete the second sentence so that it has a
similar meaning to the first sentence using the
word given. Use between two and five words,
including the word given.
I lived in London until I got married last year.
BEEN
I
............. in London until I got married last year.
2

It took three days for us to walk there.
WERE
We .....
......... three days.

3

I couldn't remember the way there, so I got a taxi.
FORGOTTEN
I.
.............. get there, so I got a taxi.

4

It was th ree years since I'd visited Peru .
NOT
................... ........... to Peru for three years.

Unit 4 Battling nature

4S

Sumo wrestler, Japan

Speaking and vocabulary

o

Work with a partner. look at the photos of daily diets from around the
world and discuss the questions.

1

How similar do these diets look to each other?

2

Which diet looks most similar to your own?

3

What can we tell about the countries by looking at these people's diets?

Find out if your partner
1

snacks between meals.

2

eats fast food regularly.

3

drinks a lot of tea and coffee.

4

has plenty of fresh fruit.

5

prefers organic food.

6

is allergic to any food.

D Complete the phrases with the words in the box.
balanced
1

fat

free

low

vegetarian

vitamins

a high- ............ ............... diet

2

a strict ............................ diet

3

a diet rich in ..

4

a well- ............................. diet

5

a ............................ salt diet

6

a dairy- ............................ diet

D Use the phrases in Activities 2 and 3 to describe the diet most people
have in your country. How healthy is it?

46

Unit 5 Eat your hea rt ou t!

Student, Venezuela

Maasai fa rmer, Kenya

LANGUAGE TIP

Countable and uncountable nouns

Rice is uncountable in

~

English but countable
in many other
languages. For example,
In Eng lish we say There

g

GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.167
Match the nouns in the box with the options A, Band C.
cake
fruit

cheese
honey

chicken
chocolate
m eat
rice
salt

are many different
types of rice (NOT
rices). Other English

A

always uncountable

words like this include

B

always countable

advice, information,
health, news, luggage,
knowledge.

C

can be countable or uncountable

LANGUAGE TIP
Don't get confused
between a few and few

The party was OK;
there were a few
people I knew there.
(a few = some)
The party wasn't a
success; few people
turned up. (few =
hardly any). Hardly
any is more natura! in
spoken English .

coffee
veget abl e

cu rry

egg

fat

m

What's the difference in meaning between t he countable and uncountable
forms of the nouns in these examples?

1

A Is there a lot of cake leh?
B Are there a lot of cakes left?

2

A I like chicken.
B I like chickens.

Expressions of quantity
~

GRAMMAR REFERENCE p.168

D

Turn to page 160 for more practice with countable and uncountable nouns,

m

What's the difference in meaning between these examples?

1

A The shop sells a few cakes.
B The shop sells very few cakes.

2

A There's a linle cheese leh.
B There's very linle cheese leh.

m

Work in pairs, Ask and answer questions based on the sentences
in Activity 7,

Unit 5 Eat your h€art out!

47

Open doze (Part 2)
~

EXAM FOCUS p.20 I

D

Work in pa irs and discuss whether you ag ree
with the following statements.
I can't stand the taste of chilli. It's too hot.

2

fJ

I love food which has lots of spices and
different Aavours.

Read the text quickly and choose t he correct
words in these stat ement s.

1

The writer likes/doesn't like chilli.

2

Chilli can be/isn't very addictive.

D

Look at the gaps in t he t ext. In which
four gaps should you put an expression
of quantity?

EXAM TIP
In Part 2 you need to use a va riety of grammatical forms,
such as
• pronouns (he, them)
· prepositions (at. about)
• articles (a, the)
• auxiliaries (do, are)
• linking expressions (despite, next)
• comparisons (than, as)
• quantifiers (any, many).

D

o

Why do
o

love chilli?

People don't wash their eyes in lemon juice
or pour boiling hot tea over themselves ,
so why are we prepared to go through so

(DJ ........ .II1.I:I.Iib.. ... pain for the sake of chilli?
Now t hink of the word which best fits each
ga p. Use one word in each gap. There is an
example at the beginning.
Work in pa irs and discuss the questions.

1

What do children genera lly dislike eating?

2

What foods did you hate at first, but enjoy now?

3

Is there any food that you refuse to eat? Why?

mThen
Underline all t he prepositions in t he t ext.
fin d one example of
a phrasa l verb.
2

a verb + preposition.

3

a fi xed expression.

Chillies are one of the few foods that we
simply should not enjoy and not just because
of the way they taste . Not (1) ..............................
people like the bitter taste of coffee to begin
with but soon most of us (21
...... used
to it. But coffee contains caffeine which has
some addictive qualities, and this explains

(31 .........................
it is so popular. Capsaicin,
the ingredient (41
makes chillies
hot, does not seem to have (51
addictive qualities whatsoever, and it also
has very (SI ........................... health benefits. And
yet it has (71 ....................... used in cooking in
almost (81
.................... culture for thousands
of years . •

48

Unit 5 Eat your heart out!

Sentence completion

D

(Part 2)
~

EXAM FOCUS p.204

o
fI

EXAM TIP

What have people always eaten in your
culture? What have they started eating
only recently?

vou may hear more than one number/noun/a djective/
verb that will fit grammatically. But only one of these will
fit the meaning.

You are going to listen to an extract from a
radio programme in which a food writer called
Sarah Willis is talking about the history of
cooking. Look at the gapped sentences and
say how many of the missing words are

A

nouns.

B

adjectives.

C

verbs.

Underline the key words and make sure .you
understand what each sentence means.

D0

16 For questions 1-1 0, listen and
complete the sentences.

D

Read through your answers to check they
make sense.

mDiscuss these questions.
1

How much raw food do you eat?

2

Do you think people should eat less meat?

3

What would you like to eat more or less of?

Sarah says about 60 percent of a
chimpanzee's diet consists of (I) ...................................... .
Sarah thinks chimpanzee food tastes too
(2) ...................................... for humans.
Humans can't survive for long on a chimpanzee diet
because they have a small (3) ...................................... .
Before they discovered cooking, people spent almost
as much time eating food as they did
(4) ...................................... it.
Sarah thinks one benefit of cooking was that it helped
to (5) ...................................... food.
Some scientists think cooking resulted in an increase in
the size ofthe (6) ...................................... .
The idea of sharing a (7) ...................................... probably
started when people began to cook.
Waiting until food was cooked meant there was a risk
that it could be (8) ...................................... .
New evidence in Africa shows that early humans may
have used (9) ...................................... for cooking over
one million years ago.
During the last ice age the extra
(10) ...................................... provided by cooked food
helped people to survive.

Unit 5 Ear your heart out!

49


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