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HIGH PROBABILITY
TRADING SETUPS
for the CURRENCY MARKET

Kathy Lien
Boris Schlossberg
Currency Strategists

Including the Top 10 Trading Rules

About the Authors

Boris Schlossberg
Boris Schlossberg serves as the Senior Currency Strategist at FXCM in New York
where he shares editorial duties with Kathy Lien for dailyfx.com. Dailyfx is one
of the pre-eminent FX portal websites in the world attracting more than 3 million
readers per month. The site covers currency trading 24 hours per day 5 days a
week with 11 daily features 5 weekly pieces and 3 monthly articles. In addition to
his daily duties of covering the Asian and European sessions of the FX trading
day, Mr. Schlossberg also co-edits The Money Trader with Ms. Lien – one of the few investment
advisory letters focusing strictly on the 2 Trillion/day FX market.
Mr. Schlossberg is also the author of “Technical Analysis of the Currency Market: Classic
Techniques for Profiting from Market Swings and Trader Sentiment” from John Wiley and Sons
(2006). He is a regular guest on CNBC World’s “Foreign Exchange” as well as CNBC television
network and a frequent FX commentator for Bloomberg radio. His daily research is quoted by
CBS Marketwatch/Dow Jones, Reuters, Bloomberg and Wall Street Journal.
Prior to becoming currency strategist, Mr. Schlossberg traded a variety of financial instruments
including equities, options and stock index futures. His articles on subjects such as risk management,
trader psychology and structure of modern electronic financial markets have appeared in SFO,
Active Trader, Option Trader and Currency Trader magazines. Along with Ms. Lien, he is also the
primary contributor to the forex section of the Investopedia website where his library of articles
address a variety of technical and fundamental approaches to trade the currency market.

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About the Authors

Kathy Lien
Kathy Lien is Chief Strategist at one of the world’s largest retail forex market
makers, FXCM in New York and author of the highly acclaimed book, “Day
Trading the Currency Market: Technical and Fundamental Strategies to Profit
form Market Swings (2005, Wiley).” As Chief Currency Strategist at FXCM,
Kathy is responsible for providing research and analysis for DailyFX, one of the
most popular currency research websites online. She publishes both technical and
fundamental research reports, market commentaries and trading strategies. A seasoned FX analyst
and trader, Kathy has direct interbank experience. Prior to joining FXCM, Kathy worked in
JPMorgan Chase’s Cross Markets and Foreign Exchange Trading groups using both technical and
fundamental analysis to trade FX spot and options. She also has experience trading a number of
products outside of FX, including interest rate derivatives, bonds, equities and futures. She has
taught seminars around the world on day and swing trading the currency market.
Kathy is also one of the authors of Investopedia’s Forex Education section and has written for
Tradingmarkets.com, the Asia Times Online, Stocks & Commodities Magazine, MarketWatch,
ActiveTrader Magazine, Currency Trader, Futures Magazine and SFO. She is frequently quoted by
Bloomberg, Reuters, the Wall street Journal, and the International Herald Tribune and frequently
appears on CNBC, CBS and Bloomberg Radio. She has also hosted trader chats on EliteTrader,
eSignal and FXStreet, sharing her expertise in both technical and fundamental analysis.
Her book “Day Trading the Currency Market: Technical and Fundamental Strategies to Profit from
Market Swings” is designed for both the advanced and novice trader. Her easy to read and easy to
apply book is filled with actionable strategies.

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Table of Contents

Part 1

Top 10 Trading Rules
6

Introduction

7

Never Let a Winner Turn Into a Loser

8

Logic Wins; Impulse Kills

9

Never Risk More Than 2% Per Trade

11 Trigger Fundamentally, Enter and Exit Technically
12 Always Pair Strong With Weak
13 Being Right but Being Early Simply Means That You Are Wrong
14 Know the Difference Between Scaling In and Adding to a Loser...
15 What Is Mathematically Optimal Is Psychologically Impossible
16 Risk Can Be Is Predetermined; But Reward Is Unpredictable
1 8 No Excuses, Ever

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Part 1

Ten Reasons Why We Love the Currency Market

Introduction
After having traded everything from stocks to futures to options, the currency market is hands
down our favorite market to trade because:
1. You can trade to any style - strategies can be built on five-minute charts, hourly charts
,daily charts or even weekly charts
2. Massive amount of information - charts, real-time news, top level research - all
available for free
3. All key information is public and disseminated instantly
4. You can collect interest on trades on a daily or even hourly basis
5. Lot sizes can be customized, meaning that you can trade with as little as $500 dollars
at nearly the same execution costs as accounts that trade $500 million
6. Customizable leverage allows you to be as conservative or as aggressive as you like
(cash on cash or 100:1 margin)
7. No commission means that every win or loss is cleanly accounted for in the P&L
8. Trade 24 hours a day with ample liquidity ($20 million up)
9. No discrimination between going short or long (no uptick rule)
10. You can not lose more capital than you put in (automatic margin call)
This book is designed to help you develop a logical, intelligent approach to currency trading. The
systems and ideas presented here stem from years of observation of price action in this market and
provide high probability approaches to trading both trend and countertrend setups but they are by
no means a surefire guarantee of success. No trade setup is ever 100% accurate. That is why we
show you failures as well as successes so that you may learn and understand the profit possibilities,
as well as the potential pitfalls of each idea that we present.
However, before we reveal the setups, we would like to share with you our 10 favorite rules
for trading success. Having watched the markets on a tick-by-tick basis 24 hours a day, year
after year, we, perhaps more than anyone, appreciate the fact that trading is an art rather than a
science. Therefore, no rule in trading is ever absolute (except the one about always using stops!)
Nevertheless, these 10 rules have served us well across a variety of market environments, always
keeping us grounded and out of harm’s way. Therefore, we hope that you find both the rules and
the high probability setups of interest and value in your pursuit of profit in the currency markets.
We wish you great trading,

Kathy Lien
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Boris Schlossberg
High Probability Trading Setups for the Currency Market



Part 1

Top 10 Trading Rules

1. Never Let a Winner Turn Into a Loser
Repeat after us: Protect your profits. Protect your profits. Protect your profits.
There is nothing worse than watching your trade be up 30 points one minute, only to see it
completely reverse a short while later and take out your stop 40 points lower. If you haven’t
already experienced this feeling firsthand, consider yourself lucky - it’s a woe most traders face
more often than you can imagine and is a perfect example of poor money management. The FX
markets can move fast, with gains turning into losses in a matter of minutes therefore making it
critical to properly manage your capital.
One of our cardinal rules of trading is to protect your profits - even if it means banking only 15
pips at a time. To some, 15 pips may seem like chump change; but if you take 10 trades, 15 pips at
a time, that adds up to a respectable 150 points of profits. Sure, this approach may seem as if we
are trading like penny-pinching grandmothers, but the main point of trading is to minimize your
losses and, along with that, to make money as often as possible. The bottom line is that this is your
money. Even if it is money that you are willing to lose, commonly referred to as risk capital, you
need to look at it as “you versus the market”. Like a soldier on the battlefield, you need to protect
yourself first and foremost.
There are two easy ways to never let a winner turn into a loser. The first method is to trail your stop.
The second is a derivative of the first, which is to trade more than one lot. Trailing stops requires
work but is probably one of the best ways to lock in profits. The key to trailing stops is to set a
near-term profit target.
For example, if your “near-term target” is 15 pips, then as soon as you are 15 pips in the money,
move your stop to breakeven. If it moves lower and takes out your stop, that is fine, since you can
consider your trade a scratch and you end up with no profits or losses. If it moves higher, by each
5-pip increment, you boost up your stop from breakeven by 5 pips, slowly cashing in gains. Just
imagine it like a blackjack game, where every time you take in $100, you move $25 to your “do
not touch” pile.
The second method of locking in gains involves trading more than one lot. If you trade two lots,
for example, you can have two separate profit targets. The first target would be placed at a more
conservative level that is closer to your entry price, say 15 or 20 pips, while the second lot is much
further away through which you are looking to bank a much larger reward-to-risk ratio. Once the
first target level is reached, you would move your stop to breakeven, which in essence embodies
our first rule: “Never let a winner turn into a loser.”

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Of course, 15 pips is hardly a rule written in stone. How much profit you bank and by how much
you trail the stop is dependent upon your trading style and the time frame in which you choose
to trade. Longer-term traders may want to use a wider first target such as 50 or 100 pips , while
shorter-term traders may prefer to use the 15-pip target.
Managing each individual trade is always more art than science. However, trading in general still
requires putting your money at risk, so we encourage you to think in terms of protecting profits
first and swinging for the fences second. Successful trading is simply the art of accumulating more
winners than stops.

2. Logic Wins; Impulse Kills
More money has been lost by trading impulsively than by any other means. Ask a novice why
he went long on a currency pair and you will frequently hear the answer, “’Cause it’s gone down
enough - so it’s bound to bounce.” We always roll our eyes at that type of response because it is
not based on reason - it’s nothing more than wishful thinking.
We never cease to be amazed how hard-boiled, highly intelligent, ruthless businesspeople behave
in Las Vegas. Men and women who would never pay even one dollar more than the negotiated
price for any product in their business will think nothing of losing $10,000 in 10 minutes on a
roulette wheel. The glitz, the noise of the pits and the excitement of the crowd turn these sober,
rational businesspeople into wild-eyed gamblers. The currency market, with its round-the-clock
flashing quotes, constant stream of news and the most liberal leverage in the financial world tends
to have the same impact on novice traders.
Trading impulsively is simply gambling. It can be a huge rush when the trader is on a winning
streak, but just one bad loss can make the trader give all of the profits and trading capital back to
the market. Just like every Vegas story ends in heartbreak, so does every tale of impulse trading. In
trading, logic wins and impulse kills.
This maxim isn’t true because logical trading is always more precise than impulsive trading. In
fact, the opposite is frequently the case. Impulsive traders can go on stunningly accurate winning
streaks, while traders using logical setups can be mired in a string of losses. Reason always trumps
impulse because logically focused traders will know how to limit their losses, while impulsive
traders are never more than one trade away from total bankruptcy.
Let’s take a look at how each trader may operate in the market. Trader A is an impulsive trader.
He “feels” price action and responds accordingly. Now imagine that prices in the EUR/USD move
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sharply higher. The impulsive trader “feels” that they have gone too far and decides to short the
pair. The pair rallies higher and the trader is convinced, now more than ever, that it is overbought
and sells more EUR/USD, building onto the current short position. Prices stall, but do not retrace.
The impulsive trader who is certain that they are very near the top decides to triple up his position
and watches in horror as the pair spikes higher, forcing a margin call on his account. A few hours
later, the EUR/USD does top out and collapses, causing trader A to pound his fists in fury as he
watches the pair sell off without him. He was right on the direction but picked a top impulsively
- not logically.
On the other hand, trader B uses both technical and fundamental analysis to calibrate his risk and
to time his entries. He also thinks that the EUR/USD is overvalued but instead of prematurely
picking a turn at will, he waits patiently for a clear technical signal - like a red candle on an upper
Bollinger band or a move in RSI below the 70 level - before he initiates the trade. Furthermore,
trader B uses the swing high of the move as his logical stop to precisely quantify his risk. He is also
smart enough to size his position so that he does not lose more than 2% of his account should the
trade fail. Even if he is wrong like trader A, the logical, methodical approach of trader B preserves
his capital, so that he may trade another day, while the reckless, impulsive actions of trader A lead
to a margin call liquidation. The point is that trends in the FX market can last for a very long time,
so even though picking the very top in the EUR/USD may bring bragging rights, the risk of being premature may outweigh the warm feeling that comes with gloating. Instead, there is nothing
wrong with waiting for a reversal signal to reveal itself first before initiating the trade. You may
have missed the very top, but profiting from up to 80% of the move is good enough in our book.
Although many novice traders may find impulsive trading to be far more exciting, seasoned pros
know that logical trading is what puts bread on the table.

3. Never Risk More Than 2% Per Trade
This is the most common and yet also the most violated rule in trading and goes a long way towards
explaining why most traders lose money. Trading books are littered with stories of traders losing
one, two, even five years’ worth of profits in a single trade gone terribly wrong. This is the primary
reason why the 2% stop-loss rule can never be violated. No matter how certain the trader may be
about a particular outcome, the market, as John Maynard Keynes used to say, “can stay irrational
far longer that you can remain solvent.”
Most traders begin their trading career, whether consciously or subconsciously, by visualizing
“The Big One” - the one trade that will make them millions and allow them to retire young and
live carefree for the rest of their lives. In FX, this fantasy is further reinforced by the folklore of the
markets. Who can forget the time that George Soros “broke the Bank of England” by shorting the
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pound and walked away with a cool $1 billion profit in a single day? But the cold hard truth of the
markets is that instead of winning the “Big One”, most traders fall victim to a single catastrophic
loss that knocks them out of the game forever. Large losses, as the following table demonstrates
are extremely difficult to overcome.
Amount of Equity Loss

Amount of Return Necessary to Restore to Original

25%
50%
75%
90%

33%
100%
400%
1000%

Just imagine that you started trading with $1,000 and lost 50%, or $500. It now takes a 100% gain,
or a profit of $500, to bring you back to breakeven. A loss of 75% of your equity demands a 400%
return - an almost impossible feat - just to bring your account back to its initial level. Getting into
this kind of trouble as a trader means that, most likely, you have reached the point of no return
and are at risk for blowing your account. The best way to avoid such fate is to never suffer a large
loss. That is why the 2% rule is so important in trading. Losing only 2% per trade means that you
would have to sustain 10 consecutive losing trades in a row to lose 20% of your account. Even if
you sustained 20 consecutive losses - and you would have to trade extraordinarily badly to hit such
a long losing streak - the total drawdown would still leave you with 60% of your capital intact.
While that is certainly not a pleasant position to find yourself in, it means that you only need to
earn 80% to get back to breakeven - a tough goal but far better than the 400% target for the trader
who lost 75% of his capital.
The art of trading is not about winning as much as it is about not losing. By controlling your losses
- much like a business that contains its costs - you can withstand the tough market environments
and will be ready and able to take advantage of profitable opportunities once they appear. That’s
why the 2% rule is the one of the most important rules of trading.

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4. Trigger Fundamentally, Enter and Exit Technically
Should you trade based upon fundamentals or technicals? This is the $64 million question that traders
have debated for decades and will probably continue to debate for decades to come. Technicals are
based on forecasting the future using past price action. Fundamentals, on the other hand, incorporate
economic and political news to determine the future value of the currency pair. The question of
which is better is far more difficult to answer. We have often seen fundamental factors rapidly shift
the technical outlook, or technical factors explain a price move that fundamentals cannot.
So our answer to the question is to use both. We know all too well that both are important and have
a hand in impacting price action. The real key, however, is to understand the benefit of each style
and to know when to use each discipline. Fundamentals are good at dictating the broad themes in
the market, while technicals are useful for identifying specific entry and exit levels. Fundamentals
do not change in the blink of an eye: in the currency markets, fundamental themes can last for
weeks, months and even years.
For example, one of the biggest stories of 2005 was the U.S. Federal Reserve’s aggressive interest
rate tightening cycle. In the middle of 2004, the Federal Reserve began increasing interest rates
by quarter-point increments. They let the market know very early on that they were going to be
engaging in a long period of tightening, and as promised, they increased interest rates by 200 basis
points in 2005. This policy created an extremely dollar-bullish environment in the market that
lasted for the entire year. Against the Japanese Yen, whose central bank held rates steady at zero
throughout 2005, the dollar appreciated 19% from its lowest to highest levels. USD/JPY was in a
very strong uptrend throughout the year, but even so, there were plenty of retraces along the way.
These pullbacks were perfect opportunities for traders to combine technicals with fundamentals
to enter the trade at an opportune moment. Fundamentally, we knew that we were in a very dollarpositive environment; therefore technically, we looked for opportunities to buy on dips rather than
sell on rallies. A perfect example was the rally from 101.70 to 113.70. The retracement paused
right at the 38.2% Fibonacci support, which would have been a great entry point and a clear
example of a trade that was based upon fundamentals but looked for entry and exit points based
upon technicals. In the USD/JPY trade, trying to pick tops or bottoms during that time would have
been difficult. However, with the bull trend so dominant, the far easier and smarter trade was to
look for technical opportunities to go with the fundamental theme and trading with the market
trend rather than to trying to fade it.

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5. Always Pair Strong With Weak
Every baseball fan has a favorite team that he knows well. The true fan knows who the team
can easily beat, who they will probably lose against and who poses a big challenge. Placing a
gentleman’s bet on the game, the baseball fan knows the best chance for success occurs against
a much weaker opponent. Although we are talking about baseball, the logic holds true for any
contest. When a strong army is positioned against a weak army, the odds are heavily skewed
toward the strong army winning.
This is the way we have to approach trading.
When we trade currencies, we are always dealing in pairs - every trade involves buying one currency
and shorting another. So the implicit bet is that one currency will beat out the other. If this is the
way the FX market is structured, then the highest probability trade will be to pair a strong currency
with a weak currency. Fortunately, in the currency market we deal with countries whose economic
outlooks do not change instantaneously. Economic data from the most actively traded currencies
are released every single day, and they act as a scorecard for each country. The more positive the
reports, the better or stronger a country is doing; on the flip side, the more negative reports, the
weaker the country is performing.
Pairing a strong currency with a weak currency has much deeper ramifications than just the data
itself. Each strong report gives a better reason for the central bank to increase interest rates, which
in turn would increase the yield of the currency. In contrast, the weaker the economic data, the less
flexibility a country’s central bank has in raising interest rates, and in some instances, if the data
comes in extremely weak, the central bank may even consider lowering interest rates. The future
path of interest rates is one of the biggest drivers of the currency market because it increases the
yield and attractiveness of a country’s currency.
In addition to looking at how data is stacking up, an easier way to pair strong with weak may be
to compare the current interest rate trajectory for a currency. For example, EUR/GBP - which is
traditionally a very range-bound currency pair - broke out in the first quarter of 2006. The breakout
occurred to the upside because Europe was just beginning to raise interest rates as economic growth
was improving. On the flip side, the U.K. raised interest rates throughout 2004 and the early part
of 2005 and ended its tightening cycle long ago. In fact, U.K. officials lowered interest rates in
August of 2005 and were looking to lower them again following weak economic data. The sharp
contrasts in what each country was doing with interest rates forced the EUR/GBP materially higher
and even turned the traditionally range-bound EUR/GBP into a mildly trending currency pair for a
few months. The shift was easily anticipated, making EUR/GBP a clear trade based upon pairing

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a strong currency with a weak currency.
Because strength and weakness can last for some time as economic trends evolve, pairing the
strong with the weak currency is one of the better ways for traders to gain an edge in the currency
market

6. Being Right but Being Early Simply Means
That You Are Wrong
There is a great Richard Prior routine in which the comic lectures the audience that the only way to
reply when caught cheating red-handed by one’s spouse is by calmly stating, “Who are you going
to believe? Me? Or your lying eyes?” While this line always gets a huge laugh from the crowd,
many traders unfortunately take this advice to heart. The fact of the matter is that eyes do not lie. If
a trader is short a currency pair and the price action moves against him, relentlessly rising higher,
the trader is wrong and needs to admit that fact, sooner rather than later.
In FX, trends can last far longer than seem reasonable. For example, in 2004 the EUR/USD kept
rallying - rising from a low of 1.2000 all the way to 1.3600 over a period of just two months.
Traders looking at the fundamentals of the two currencies could not understand the reasons behind
the move since all signs pointed to dollar strength.
True enough, the U.S. was running a record trade deficit, but it was also attracting capital from
Asia to offset the shortfall. In addition, U.S. economic growth was blazing in comparison to the
Eurozone. U.S. GDP was growing at a better than 3.5% annual rate compared to barely 1% in
the Eurozone. The Fed had even started to raise rates, equalizing the interest rate differential
between the euro and the greenback. Furthermore, the extremely high exchange rate of the euro
was strangling European exports - the one sector of the Eurozone economy critical to economic
growth.
As a result, U.S. unemployment rates kept falling, from 5.7-5.2%, while German unemployment
was reaching post-World War II highs, printing in the double digits. In short, dollar bulls had many
good reasons to sell the EUR/USD, yet the currency pair kept rallying. Eventually, the EUR/USD
did turn around, retracing the whole 2004 rally to reach a low of 1.1730 in late 2005. But imagine
a trader shorting the pair at 1.3000. Could he or she have withstood the pressure of having a 600point move against a position? Worse yet, imagine someone who was short at 1.2500 in the fall of
2004. Could that trader have taken the pain of being 1,100 points in drawdown?

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The irony of the matter is that both of those traders would have profited in the end. They were right
but they were early. Yet in currency markets, unlike in horseshoes, close is not good enough. The
FX market is highly leveraged, with default margins set at 100:1. Even if the two traders above
used far more conservative leverage of 10:1, the drawdown to their accounts would have been 46%
and 88%, respectively. In FX, successful directional trades not only need to be right in analysis,
they need to be right, in timing as well.. That’s why believing “your lying eyes” is crucial to
successful trading. If the price action moves against you, even if the reasons for your trade remain
valid, trust your eyes, respect the market and take a modest stop. In the currency market, being
right and being early is the same thing as being wrong.

7. Know the Difference Between Scaling In and
Adding to a Loser and Never Make That Mistake
One of the biggest mistakes that we have seen traders make is to keep adding to a losing position,
desperately hoping for a reversal. As traders increase their exposure while price travels in the
wrong direction, their losses mount to a point where they are forced to close out their position at a
major loss or wait numbly for the inevitable margin call to automatically do it for them. Typically
in these scenarios, the initial reasoning for the trade has disappeared, and a smart trader would
have closed out the position and moved on. However, some traders find themselves adding into
the position long after the reason for the trade has changed, hoping that by magic or chance things
will eventually turn their way.
We liken this to the scenario where you are driving in a car late at night and are not sure whether
you are on the right road or not. When this happens, you are faced with two choices. One is to keep
on going down the road blindly and hope that you will find your destination before ending up in
another state. The other is to turn the car around and go back the way you came, until you reach a
point from where you can actually find the way home.
This is the difference between stubbornly proceeding in the wrong direction and cutting your
losses short before it becomes too late. Admittedly, you might eventually find your way home
by stumbling along back roads - much like a trader could salvage a bad position by catching an
unexpected turnaround. However before that time comes, the driver could very well have run out
of gas, much like the trader can run out of capital. Adding to a losing position that has gone beyond

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the point of your original risk is the wrong way to trade.
There are, however, times when adding to a losing position is the right way to trade. This type of
strategy is known as scaling in. The difference between adding to a loser and scaling in is your
initial intent BEFORE you place the trade. If your intention is to ultimately buy a total of one
regular 100,000 lot and you choose to establish a position in clips of 10,000 lots to get a better
average price - instead of the full amount at the same time - this is called scaling in. This is a
popular strategy for traders who are buying into a retracement of a broader trend and are not sure
how deep the retracement will be.; Therefore, the trader will choose to scale down into the position
in order to get a better average price. The key is that the reasoning for this approach is established
before the trade is placed and so is the “ultimate stop” on the entire position. In this case, intent is
the main difference between adding to a loser and scaling in.

8. What Is Mathematically Optimal Is Psychologically Impossible
Novice traders who first approach the markets will often design very elegant, very profitable
strategies that appear to generate millions of dollars on a computer backtest. The majority of such
strategies have extremely impressive win-loss and profit ratios, often demonstrating $3 of wins for
just $1 of losses. Armed with such stellar research, these newbies fund their FX trading accounts
and promptly proceed to lose all of their money. Why? Because trading is not logical but instead
psychological in nature, and emotion will always overwhelm the intellect in the end, typically
forcing the worst possible move out of the trader at the wrong time.
As E. Derman, head of quantitative strategies at Goldman Sachs, once noted, “In physics you are
playing against God, who does not change his mind very often. In finance, you are playing against
God’s creatures, whose feelings are ephemeral, at best unstable, and the news on which they are
based keeps streaming in.” This is the fundamental flaw of most beginning traders. They believe
that they can “engineer” a solution to trading and set in motion a machine that will harvest profits
out of the market. But trading is less of a science than it is an art; and the sooner traders realize that
they must compensate for their own humanity, the sooner they will begin to master the intricacies
of trading.
Here is one example of why in trading what is mathematically optimal is often psychologically
impossible. The conventional wisdom in the markets is that traders should always trade with a 2:1
reward-to-risk ratio. On the surface this appears to be a good idea. After all, if the trader is accurate

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only 50% of the time, over the long run she or he will be enormously successful with such odds.
In fact, with a 2:1 reward-to-risk ratio, the trader can be wrong 6.5 times out of 10 and still make
money. In practice however, this is quite difficult to achieve.
Imagine the following scenario. You place a trade in GBP/USD. Let’s say you decide to short
the pair at 1.7500 with a 1.7600 stop and a target of 1.7300. At first, the trade is doing well. The
price moves in your direction, as GBP/USD first drops to 1.7400, then to 1.7460 and begins to
approach 1.7300. At 1.7320, the GBP/USD decline slows and starts to turn back up. Price is now
1.7340, then 1.7360, then 1.7370. But you remain calm. You are seeking a 2:1 reward to risk.
Unfortunately, the turn in the GBP/USD has picked up steam; before you know it, the pair not
only climbs back to your entry level but then swiftly rises higher and stops you at 1.7600. You
are left with the realization that you let a 180-point profit turn into a 100-point loss. In effect, you
just created a -280-point swing in your account. This is trading in the real world, not the idealized
version presented in textbooks. This is why many professional traders will often scale out of their
positions, taking partial profits far sooner than two times risk, a practice that often reduces their
reward-to-risk ratio to 1.5 or even lower. Clearly that’s a mathematically inferior strategy, but in
trading, what’s mathematically optimal is not necessarily psychologically possible.

9. Risk Can Be Predetermined; But Reward Is
Unpredictable
If there is one inviolable rule in trading, it must be “stick to your stops”. Before entering every
trade, you must know your pain threshold. This is the best way to make sure that your losses are
controlled and that you do not become too emotional with your trading.
Trading is hard; there are more unsuccessful traders than there are successful ones. But more often
than not, traders fail not because their idea is wrong, but because they became too emotional in the
process. This failure stems from the fact that they closed out their trade too early, or they let their
losses run too extensively. Risk MUST be predetermined. The most rational time to consider risk is
before you place the trade - when your mind is unclouded and your decisions are unbiased by price
action. On the other hand, if you have a trade on, of course you want to stick it out until it becomes
a winner, but unfortunately that does not always happen. You need to figure out what the worst case
scenario is for the trade, and place your stop based on a monetary or technical level.
Once again, we stress that risk MUST be predetermined before you enter into the trade and you
MUST stick to its parameters. Do not let your emotions force you to change your stop prematurely.

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Every trade, no matter how certain you are of its outcome, is simply an educated guess. Nothing is
certain in trading. There are too many external factors that can shift the movement in a currency.
Sometimes fundamentals can shift the trading environment, and other times you simply have
unaccountable factors, such as option barriers, the daily exchange rate fixing, central bank buying
etc. Make sure you are prepared for these uncertainties by setting your stop early on.
Reward, on the other hand, is unknown. When a currency moves, the move can be huge or small.
Money management becomes extremely important in this case. Referencing our rule of “never
let a winner turn into a loser”, we advocate trading multiple lots. This can be done on a more
manageable basis using mini-accounts. This way, you can lock in gains on the first lot and move
your stop to breakeven on the second lot - making sure that you are only playing with the houses
money - and ride the rest of the move using the second lot.
The FX market is a trending market; and trends can last for days, weeks or even months. This is a
primary reason why most black boxes in the FX market focus exclusively on trends. They believe
that any trend moves they catch can offset any whipsaw losses made in range-trading markets.
Although we believe that range trading can also yield good profits, we recognize the reason why
most large money is focused on looking for trends. Therefore, if we are in a range-bound market,
we bank our gain using the first lot and get stopped out at breakeven on the second, still yielding
profits. However, if a trend does emerge, we keep holding the second lot into what could potentially
become a big winner.
Half of trading is about strategy, the other half is undoubtedly about money management. Even if
you have losing trades, you need to understand them and learn from your mistakes. No strategy
is foolproof and works 100% of the time. However, if the failure is in line with a strategy that
has worked more often than it has failed for you in the past, then accept that loss and move
on. The key is to make your overall trading approach meaningful but to make any individual
trade meaningless. Once you have mastered this skill, your emotions should not get the best of
you, regardless of whether you are trading $1,000 or $100,000. Remember: In trading, winning is
frequently a question of luck, but losing is always a matter of skill.

10. No Excuses, Ever
One time our boss invited us into his office to discuss a trading program that he wanted to set up.
“I have one rule only,” he noted. Looking us straight in the eye, he said, “no excuses.” Instantly
we understood what he meant. Our boss wasn’t concerned about traders booking losses. Losses
are a given part of trading and anyone who engages in this enterprise understands and accepts that
fact. What our boss wanted to avoid were the mistakes made by traders who deviated from their
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trading plan. It was perfectly acceptable to sustain a drawdown of 10% if it was the result of five
consecutive losing trades that were stopped out at 2% loss each. However, it was inexcusable to
lose 10% on one trade because the trader refused to cut his losses, or worse yet, added to a position
beyond his risk limits. Our boss knew that the first scenario was just a regular part of business,
while the second one would ultimately bring about the blow up of the entire account.
In the quintessential ‘80s movie, “The Big Chill”, Jeff Goldblum’s character tells Kevin Kline’s
that “rationalization is the most powerful thing on earth.” Surprised, Kline looks up at Goldblum
and the later explains, “As human beings we can go for a long time without food or water, but we
can’t go a day without a rationalization.” This quote has stuck a chord with us because it captures
the ethos behind the “no excuses” rule. As traders, we must take responsibility for our mistakes. In
a business where you either adapt or die, the refusal to acknowledge and correct your shortcomings
will ultimately lead to disaster.
Markets can and will do anything. Witness the blowup of Long Term Capital Management (LTCM)
- at one time one of the most prestigious hedge funds in the world - whose partners included several
Nobel Prize winners. In 1998 LTCM went bankrupt, nearly bringing the global financial markets
to their knees when a series of complicated interest rate plays generated billions of dollars worth
of losses in a matter of days. Instead of accepting the fact that they were wrong, LTCM traders
continued to double up on their positions, believing that the markets would eventually turn their
way. It took the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and a series of top-tier investment banks to
step in and stem the tide of losses until the portfolio positions could be unwound without further
damage. In post-debacle interviews, most LTCM traders refused to acknowledge their mistakes,
stating that the LTCM blowup was the result of extremely unusual circumstances unlikely to ever
happen again. LTCM traders never learned the “no excuses” rule, and it cost them their capital.
The “no excuses” rule is most applicable to those times when the trader does not understand
the price action of the markets. If, for example, you are short a currency because you anticipate
negative fundamental news and that news indeed occurs, but the currency rallies instead, you must
get out right away. If you do not understand what is going on in the market, it is always better to
step aside and not trade. That way you will not have to come up with excuses for why you blew up
your account. No excuses. Ever. That’s the rule professional traders live by.

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Table Of Contents

Part 2

Trading Setups
20 Five-Minute “Momo” Trade
27 “Do the Right Thing” CCI Trade
34 Moving Average MACD Combo
41 RSI Rollercoaster
49 Pure Fade
56 The Memory of Price
68 Seven-Day Extension Fade
76 Turn to Trend

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1. Five-Minute “Momo” Trade
Some traders are extremely patient and love to wait for the perfect setup while others are extremely
impatient and need to see a move happen in the next few minutes or hours or else they are quick to
abandon their positions. These impatient traders are perfect momentum traders because they wait
for the market to have enough strength to push a currency in the desired direction and piggyback
on the momentum in hopes for an extension move as momentum continues to build. However,
once the move shows signs of losing strength, our impatient momentum traders will also be the
first to jump ship so a true momentum strategy needs to have solid exit rules to protect profits while
at the same time be able to ride as much of the extension move as possible.
We developed a great momentum strategy that we call the “Five Minute Momo Trade” because
we look for a momentum or “momo” burst on very short term 5 minute charts. We lay on two
indicators, the first of which is the 20-period EMA (Exponential Moving Average). We use the
exponential moving average over the simple moving average because it places higher weight on
recent movements, which is what we need for fast momentum trades. The moving average is used
to helps us determine the trend. The second indicator that we use is the MACD (Moving Average
Convergence Divergence) histogram which helps us gage momentum. The settings for the MACD
histogram is the default, which is first EMA = 12, second EMA = 26, Signal EMA = 9, all using
the close price.
This strategy waits for a reversal trade but only takes it when momentum supports the reversal
move enough to create a larger extension burst. The position is exited in two separate segments,
the first half helps us lock in gains and ensures that we never turn a winner into a loser. The second
half lets us attempt to catch what could become a very large move with no risk since we already
moved our stop to breakeven.
Rules for a Long Trade
1) Look for currency pair to be trading below the 20-period EMA and MACD to be
negative
2) Wait for price to cross above the 20-period EMA, make sure that MACD is either in
the process of crossing from negative to positive or have crossed into positive territory no
longer than 5 bars ago
3) Go long 10 pips above the 20-period EMA
4) For aggressive trade, place stop at swing low on 5 minute chart. For conservative
trade, place stop 20 pips below 20-period EMA

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5) Sell half of position at entry plus amount risked, move stop on second half to
breakeven
6) Trail stop by higher of breakeven or 20-period EMA minus 15 pips
Rules for a Short Trade
1) Look for currency pair to be trading above the 20-period EMA and MACD to be
positive
2) Wait for price to cross below the 20-period EMA, make sure that MACD is either in
the process of crossing from positive to negative or have crossed into negative territory no
longer than 5 bars ago
3) Go short 10 pips below the 20-period EMA
4) For aggressive trade, place stop at swing high on 5 minute chart. For conservative
trade, place stop 20 pips above 20-period EMA
5) Buy back half of position at entry minus amount risked, move stop on second half to
breakeven
6) Trail stop by lower of breakeven or 20-period EMA plus 15 pips
Now let’s explore some examples:

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Setup 1 - Five-Minute “Momo” Trade, EUR/USD

Figure 1 - 1

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

Our first example is the EUR/USD on 3/16/06, when we see the price move above the 20-period
EMA as the MACD histogram crosses above the zero line. Although there were a few instances of
the price attempting to move above the 20-period EMA between 00:30 and 02:00 EST, a trade was
not triggered at that time because the MACD histogram was below the zero line.
We waited for the MACD histogram to cross the zero line and when it did, the trade was triggered
at 1.2044. We enter at 1.2046 + 10 pips = 1.2056 with a stop at 1.2046 – 20 pips = 1.2026. Our
first target is 1.2056 + 30 pips = 1.2084. It gets triggered approximately 2 and a half hours later.
We exit half of the position and trail the remaining half by the 20-period EMA minus 15 pips. The
second half is eventually closed at 1.2157 at 21:35 EST for a total profit on the trade of 65.5 pips.

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Setup 1 - Five-Minute “Momo” Trade, USD/JPY

Figure 1 - 2

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

The next example in the chart above is USD/JPY on 3/21/06, when we see the price move above
the 20-period EMA. Like in the previous EUR/USD example, there were also a few instances that
the price crossed above the 20-period EMA right before our entry point, but we did not take the
trade because the MACD histogram was below the zero line.
The MACD turned first, so we waited for the price to cross the EMA by 10 pips and when it did,
the trade was entered into at 116.67 (EMA was at 116.57). The math is a bit more complicated on
this one. The stop is at the 20-EMA minus 20 pips or 116.57 – 20 pips = 116.37. Our first target is
entry plus amount risked or 116.67 + (116.67-116.37) = 116.97. It gets triggered five minutes later.
We exit half of the position and trail the remaining half by the 20-period EMA minus 15 pips. The
second half is eventually closed at 117.07 at 18:00 EST for a total average profit on the trade of 35
pips. Although the profit was not as attractive as the first trade, the chart shows a clean and smooth
move that indicates that price action conformed well to our rules.

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Setup 1 - Five-Minute “Momo” Trade, NZD/USD

Figure 1 - 3

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

On the short side, our first example is the NZD/USD on 3/20/06. We see the price cross below the
20-period EMA. However the MACD histogram is still positive, so we wait for it to cross below
the zero line 25 minutes later. Our trade is then triggered at 0.6294. Like the earlier USD/JPY
example, the math is a bit messy on this one since the cross of the moving average did not occur
at the same time as when MACD moved below the zero line like in it did in our first EUR/USD
example.
So we enter at 0.6294. Our stop is the 20-EMA plus 20 pips. At the time, the 20-EMA was at
0.6301, so that puts our entry at 0.6291 and our stop at 0.6301 + 20pips = 0.6321. Our first target
is the entry price minus the amount risked or 0.6291. – (0.6321-0.6291) = 0.6261. The target is hit
2 hours later and the stop on the second half was moved to breakeven. We then proceed to trail the
second half of the position by the 20-period EMA plus 15 pips. The second half is then closed at
0.6262 at 7:10 EST for a total profit on the trade of 29.5 pips.

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Setup 1 - Five-Minute “Momo” Trade, GBP/USD

Figure 1 - 4

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

The second based upon an opportunity that developed on 3/10/06 in the GBP/USD. In the chart
above, the price crosses below the 20-period EMA and we wait 10 minutes later for the MACD
histogram to move into negative territory whereby triggering our entry order at 1.7375. Based
upon the rules above, as soon as the trade is triggered, we put our stop at the 20-EMA plus 20 pips
or 1.7385 + 20 = 1.7405. Our first target is the entry price minus the amount risked or 1.7375
– (1.7405-1.7375) = 1.7345. It gets triggered shortly thereafter. We then proceed to trail the second half of the position by the 20-period EMA plus 15 pips. The second half of the position is
eventually closed at 1.7268 at 14:35 EST for a total profit on the trade of 68.5 pips. Coincidently
enough, the trade was also closed at the exact moment when the MACD histogram flipped into
positive territory.
As you can see, the Five Minute Momo Trade is an extremely powerful strategy to capture momentum based reversal moves. However, it does not always work and it is important to explore an
example where it fails to understand why.
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Setup 1 - Five-Minute “Momo” Trade, EUR/CHF

Figure 1 - 5

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

The final example of the Five Minute Momo Trade is EUR/CHF on 3/21/06. In the chart above the
price crosses below the 20-period EMA and we wait 20 minutes later for the MACD histogram to
move into negative territory, putting our entry order at 1.5711. We place our stop at the 20-EMA
plus 20 pips or 1.5721 + 20 = 1.5741. Our first target is the entry price minus the amount risked
or 1.5711 – (1.5741-1.5711) = 1.5681. The price trades down to a low of 1.5696, which is not low
enough to reach our trigger. It then proceeds to reverse course, eventually hitting our stop, causing
a total trade loss of 30 pips.
When trading the Five Minute Momo strategy the most important thing to be wary of is trading
ranges that are too tight or too wide. In quiet trading hours where the price simply fluctuates
around the 20-EMA, the MACD histogram may flip back and forth causing many false signals.
Alternatively, if this strategy is implemented in a currency paid with a trading range that is too
wide, the stop might be hit before the target is triggered.

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2. “Do the Right Thing” CCI Trade
Often in life the right action is the hardest to take. The same dynamic occurs in trading. For most
traders it is extremely difficult to buy tops and sell bottoms because from a very early age we are
conditioned to look for value and buy “cheap” while selling “dear”. That is why although most
traders proclaim their love for trading with the trend, in reality the majority love to pick tops or
bottoms. While these types of “turn” trades can be very profitable (and show you several setups
that succeed with this approach), turn trading can sometimes seem like a Sisyphean task as price
trends relentlessly in one direction, constantly stopping out the bottom and top pickers. Sometimes
it is much easier and far more profitable to go with the flow. Yet most traders are still reluctant to
buy breakouts for fear of being the last one to the party before prices reverse with a vengeance.
How can we trade breakouts confidently and successfully? “Do the right thing” is a setup designed
to deal with just such a predicament. It tells the trader to buy or sell when most are averse to doing
so. Furthermore, it puts the trader on the right side of the trend at a time when many other traders
are trying to fade the price action. The capitulation of these top and bottom pickers in the face of
a massive buildup of momentum forces a covering of positions, allowing you to exit profitably
within a very short period of time after putting on a trade.
“Do the right thing” employs a rarely used indicator in FX called the commodity channel index
(CCI), which was invented by Donald Lambert in 1980 and was originally designed to solve
engineering problems regarding signals. The primary focus of CCI is to measure the deviation of
the price of the currency pair from its statistical average. As such, CCI is an extremely good and
sensitive measure of momentum and helps us to optimize only the highest probability entries for
our setup.
Without resorting to the mathematics of the indicator, please note that CCI is an unbounded
oscillator with any reading of +100 typically considered to be overbought and any reading of
-100 oversold. For our purposes, however, we will use these levels as our trigger points as we put
a twist on the traditional interpretation of CCI. We actually look to buy if the currency pair makes
a new high above 100 and sell if the currency pair makes a new low below -100. In “do the right
thing” we are looking for new peaks or spikes in momentum that are likely to carry the currency
pair higher or lower. The thesis behind this setup is that much like a body hurtled in motion will
remain so until it’s slowed by counterforces, new highs or lows in CCI will propel the currency
further in the direction of the move before new prices finally put a halt to the advance or the
decline.

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Rules for the Long Trade
1. On the daily or the hourly charts place the CCI indicator with standard input of 20.
2. Note the very last time the CCI registered a reading of greater than +100 before
dropping back below the +100 zone.
3. Take a measure of the peak CCI reading and record it.
4. If CCI once again trades above the +100 and if its value exceeds the prior peak reading,
go long at market at the close of the candle.
5. Measure the low of the candle and use it as your stop.
6. If the position moves in your favor by the amount of your original stop, sell half and
move stop to breakeven.
7. Take profit on the rest of the trade when position moves to two times your stop.
Rules for the Short Trade
1. On the daily or the hourly charts place the CCI indicator with standard input of 20.
2. Note the very last time the CCI registered a reading of less than -100 before poking
above the -100 zone.
3. Take a measure of the peak CCI reading and record it.
4. If CCI once again trades below the -100 and if its value exceeds the prior low reading,
go short at market at the close of the candle.
5. Measure the high of the candle and use it as your stop.
6. If the position moves in your favor by the amount of your original stop, sell half and
move the stop on the remainder of the position to breakeven.
7. Take profit on the rest of the trade when position moves to two times your stop.

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Now let’s take a look at how this setup works on the longer and the shorter time frames:
Setup 2 - “Do the Right Thing” CCI Trade, EUR/USD

Figure 2 - 1

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

In this daily chart of the EUR/USD pair we see that the former peak high above the CCI +100 level
was recorded on September 5, 2005, when it reached a reading of 130.00. Not until more than three
months later on December 13, 2005, did the CCI produce a value that would exceed this number.
Throughout this time we can see that EUR/USD was in a severe decline with many false breakouts
to the upside that fizzled as soon as they appeared on the chart. On December 13, 2005, however,
CCI hit 162.61 and we immediately went long on the close at 1.1945 using the low of the candle
at 1.1906 as our stop. Our first target was 100% of our risk, or approximately 40 points. We exited
half the position at 1.1985 and the second half of the position at two times our risk at 1.2035. Our
total reward-to-risk ratio on this trade was 1.5:1, meaning that if we were merely 50% accurate,
the setup would have positive expectancy. Note also that we were able to capture our gains in less
than 24 hours as the momentum of the move carried our position to profit very quickly.

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Setup 2 - “Do the Right Thing” CCI Trade, EUR/USD

Figure 2 - 2

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

For those traders who do not like to wait nearly a quarter of a year between setups, the hourly chart
offers far more opportunities of the “do the right thing” setup. It is still infrequent, which is one of
the reasons that makes this setup so powerful (the common wisdom in trading is: the rarer the trade
the better the trade). Nevertheless it occurs on the hourly charts far more often than on the dailies.
In the above example, we look at the hourly chart of the EUR/USD between March 24 and March
28 of 2006. At 1pm on March 24, 2006, the EUR/USD reaches a CCI peak of 142.96. Several
days later at 4am on March 28, 2006, the CCI reading reaches a new high of 184.72. We go long
at market on the close of the candle at 1.2063. The low of the candle is 1.2027 and we set our stop
there. The pair consolidates for several hours and then makes a burst to our first target of 1.2103
at 9am on March 28, 2006. We move the stop to breakeven to protect our profits and are stopped
out a few hours later, banking 40 pips of profit. As the saying goes, half a loaf is better than none,
and it is amazing how they can add up to a whole bakery full of profits if we simply take what the
market gives us.

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Now let’s look at some short examples:
Setup 2 - “Do the Right Thing” CCI Trade, USD/CHF

Figure 2 - 3

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

Here is an example of a short in USD/CHF trade on the dailies that employs this approach in
reverse. On October 11, 2004 USD/CHF makes a CCI low of -131.05. A few days later, on October
14, 2004, the CCI prints at -133.68. We enter short at market on the close of the candle at 1.2445.
Our stop is the high of that candle at 1.2545. Our first exit is hit just two days later at 1.2345. We
stay in the trade with the rest of the position and move the stop to breakeven. Our second target is
hit on October 19, 2004 - no more than five days after we’ve entered the trade. Total profit on the
trade? 300 points. Our total risk was only 200 points, and we never even experienced any serious
drawdown as the momentum pulled prices further down. The key is high probability, and that is
exactly what the “do the right thing” setup provides.

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Setup 2 - “Do the Right Thing” CCI Trade, EUR/JPY

Figure 2 - 4

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

Here is another example of a short-term trade, this time to the downside in the EUR/JPY.
At 9pm on March 21, 2006, EUR/JPY recorded a reading of -115.19 before recovering above the
-100 CCI zone. The “do the right thing” setup triggered almost to the tee five days later at 8pm on
March 26, 2006. The CCI value reached a low of -133.68 and we went short on the close of the
candle. This was a very large candle on the hourly charts, and we had to risk 74 points as our entry
was 140.79 and our stop was at 141.51. The majority of the traders would have been afraid to enter
short at that time, thinking that most of the selling had been done. But we had faith in our strategy
and followed the setup. Prices then consolidated a bit and trended lower until 1pm on March 27,
2006. Less than 24 hours later we were able to hit our first target, which was a very substantial 74
points. Again we moved our stop to breakeven. The pair proceeded to bottom out and rally, taking
us out at breakeven. Although we did not achieve our second target overall, it was a good trade as
we banked 74 points without ever really being in a significant drawdown.

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Setup 2 - “Do the Right Thing” CCI Trade, AUD/USD

Figure 2 - 2

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

Finally, our last example shows how this setup can go wrong and why it is critical to always use
stops. The “do the right thing” setup relies on momentum to generate profits. When the momentum
fails to materialize, it signals that a turn may be in the making. Here is how it played out on the
hourly charts in AUD/USD. We note that CCI makes a near-term peak at 132.58 at 10pm on May
2, 2006. A few days later at 11am on May 4, 2006, CCI reaches 149.44 prompting a long entry
at .7721. The stop is placed at .7709 and is taken out the very same hour. Notice that instead of
rallying higher, the pair reversed rapidly. Furthermore, as the downside move gained speed prices
reached a low of .7675. A trader who did not take the 12-point stop as prescribed by the setup
would have learned a very expensive lesson indeed as his losses could have been magnified by a
factor of three. Therefore, the key idea to remember with our “Do the Right Thing” setup is - “I
am right or I am out!”

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3. Moving Average MACD Combo
In theory, trend trading is easy. All you need to do is “Keep on buying when you see the price
rising higher and keep on selling when you see it breaking lower.” In practice, however, it is far
more difficult to do successfully. When looking for trend-trading opportunities, many questions
arise such as:




What is the direction of the trend?
Should I get in now or wait for a retracement?
When does the trend end?

The greatest fear for trend traders is getting into a trend too late, that is, at the point of exhaustion.
Yet despite these difficulties, trend trading is probably one of the most popular styles of trading
because when a trend develops, whether on a short-term or long-term basis, it can last for hours,
days and even months.
We have developed a strategy that answers all of the questions above while at the same time
giving us clear entry and exit levels. This strategy is called the moving average MACD combo.
We use two sets of moving averages for the setup: the 50 simple moving average (SMA) and the
100 SMA. The actual time period of the SMA depends upon the chart that you use. This strategy
works best on hourly and daily charts. The 50 SMA is the signal line that triggers our trades, while
the 100 SMA ensures that we are working in a clear trend environment. The main premise of the
strategy is that we buy or sell only when the price crosses the moving averages in the direction of
the trend. Although this strategy may seem similar in logic to the “momo” strategy, it is far more
patient and uses longer-term moving averages on hourly and daily charts to capture larger profits.
Rules for a Long Trade
1) Wait for the currency to trade above both the 50 SMA and 100 SMA.
2) Once the price has broken above the closest SMA by 10 pips or more, enter long if
MACD crosses to positive within the last five bars, otherwise wait for the next MACD
signal.
3) Initial stop set at five-bar low from entry.
4) Exit half of the position at two times risk; move stop to breakeven.
5) Exit second half when price breaks below 50 SMA by 10 pips.

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Rules for a Short Trade
1) Wait for the currency to trade below both the 50 SMA and 100 SMA.
2) Once the price has broken below the closest SMA by 10 pips or more, enter short
if MACD crosses to negative within the last five bars; otherwise, wait for next MACD
signal.
3) Initial stop set at five-bar high from entry.
4) Exit half of the position at two times risk, move the stop to breakeven.
5) Exit remaining position when the price breaks back above the 50 SMA by 10 pips.
Do not take the trade if the price is simply trading between the 50 SMA and 100 SMA.
Now let’s explore some examples:
Setup 3 - Moving Average MACD Combo, EUR/USD

Figure 3 - 1

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

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Figure 3 - 1a

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

Our first example is for the EUR/USD on an hourly chart. The trade sets up on March 13, 2006,
when the price crosses above both the 50-hour SMA and 100-hour SMA. However, we do not enter
immediately since MACD crossed to the upside more than five bars ago, and we prefer to wait for
the second MACD upside cross to get in. The reason why we have this rule is because we do not
want to buy when the momentum has already been to the upside for a while and may therefore
exhaust itself. The second trigger occurs a few hours later at 1.1945. We enter the position and
place our initial stop at the five-bar low from entry, which is 1.1917. Our first target is two times
our risk of 28 pips (1.1945-1.1917), or 56 pips, putting our target at 1.2001. The target gets hit at
11am EST the next day. We then move our stop to breakeven and look to exit the second half of
the position when the price trades below the 50-hour SMA by 10 pips. This occurs on March 20,
2006, at 10am EST, at which time the second half of the position is closed at 1.2165 for a total
trade profit of 138 pips.

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For those who ask, “Why can’t we just trade the MACD cross from positive to negative?”, you can
see just from looking at the EUR/USD chart above that multiple positive and negative oscillations
occured between March 13 and March 15, 2006. However, most of the downside - and even
some of the upside signals if taken - would have been stopped out before making any meaningful
profits.
On the other hand, for those who ask, “Why can’t we just trade the moving average cross without
the MACD?”, take a look at the following chart. If we took the moving average crossover signal to
the downside when the MACD was positive, the trade would have turned into a loser.
Setup 3 - Moving Average MACD Combo, USD/JPY

Figure 3 - 2

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

The next example is for USD/JPY on a daily time frame. The trade sets up on September 16, 2005,
when the price crosses above both the 50-day and 100-day SMA. We take the signal immediately
since the MACD crossed within five bars ago, giving us an entry level of approximately 110.95.
We place our initial stop at the five-bar low of 108.98 and our first target at two times risk, which

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comes to 114.89. The price is hit three weeks later on October 13, 2005, at which time we move
our stop to breakeven and look to exit the second half of the position when the price trades below
the 50-day SMA by 10 pips. This occurs on December 14, 2005 at 117.43, resulting in a total trade
profit of 521 pips.
One thing to keep in mind when using daily charts: although the profits can be larger, the risk is
also higher. Our stop was close to 200 pips away from our entry. Of course, our profit was 521 pips,
which turned out to be more than two times our risk. Furthermore, traders using the daily charts
to identify setups need to be far more patient with their trades since the position can remain open
for months.
Setup 3 - Moving Average MACD Combo, AUD/USD

Figure 3 - 3

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

On the short side, we take a look at the AUD/USD on hourly charts back on March 16, 2006. The
currency pair first range trades between the 50- and 100-hour SMA. We wait for the price to break
below both the 50- and 100-hour moving averages and check to see if MACD at the time went

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negative less than five bars ago. We see that it did, so we go short when the price moves 10 pips
lower than the closest SMA, which in this case is the 100-hour SMA. Our entry price is 0.7349. We
place our initial stop at the highest high of the last five bars or 0.7376. This places our initial risk
at 27 pips. Our first target is two times the risk, which comes to 0.7295. The target gets triggered
seven hours later, at which time we move our stop on the second half to breakeven and look to
exit it when the price trades above the 50-hour SMA by 10 pips. This occurred on March 22, 2006,
when the price reached 0.7193, earning us a total of 105 pips on the trade. This is definitely an
attractive return given the fact that we only risked 27 pips on the trade.
Setup 3 - Moving Average MACD Combo, EUR/JPY

Figure 3 - 4

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

From a daily perspective, we take a look at another short example in EUR/JPY. As you can see, the
daily examples date further back because once a clear trend has formed, it can last for a very long
time. If it didn’t, the currency would insteade move into a range-bound scenario where the prices
simply fluctuate between the two moving averages. On April 25, 2005, we saw EUR/JPY break
below the 50-day and 100-day SMA. We check to see that the MACD is also negative, confirming

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that momentum has moved to the downside. We enter into a short position at 10 pips below the
closest moving average (100-day SMA) or 137.76. The initial stop is placed at the highest high of
the past five bars, which is 140.47. This means that we are risking 271 pips. Our first target is two
times risk (542 pips) or 132.34. The first target is hit a little more than a month later on June 2,
2005. At this time, we move our stop on the remaining half to breakeven and look to exit it when
the price trades above the 50-day SMA by 10 pips. The moving average is breached to the top side
on June 30, 2005, and we exit at 134.21. We exit the rest of the position at that time for a total trade
profit of 448 pips.
Setup 3 - Moving Average MACD Combo, EUR/GBP

Figure 3 - 5
Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

Yet this strategy is far from foolproof. As with many trend-trading strategies, they work best on
currencies or time frames that trend well. Therefore, it is difficult to implement this strategy on
currencies that are typically range bound, like EUR/GBP. The chart above shows an example of
the strategy failing. The price breaks below the 50- and 100-hour SMA in EUR/GBP on March 7,
2006, by 10 pips. We check that the MACD is negative at the time, so we get our green light to

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go short 10 pips below the moving average at 0.6840. The stop is placed at the highest high of the
past five bars, which is 0.6860. This makes our risk 20 pips, which means that our first take-profit
level would be two times the risk, or 0.6800. EUR/GBP continues to sell off but not quite strongly
enough to reach our take-profit level. The low in the move before the currency pair eventually
reverses back above the 50-hour SMA is 0.6839. The reversal eventually extends to our stop of
0.6860 and we end up losing 20 pips on the trade.
Therefore, traders implementing the moving average MACD strategy should make sure they do so
only on currency pairs that are typically very trending. This strategy works particularly well on the
majors. Also it might be smart to check the strength of the breakdown below the moving average at
the point of entry. If we looked at the average directional index (ADX) at that time, we would have
seen that the ADX was very low, indicating that the breakdown probably did not generate enough
momentum to continue the move.

4. RSI Rollercoaster
Sometimes simplicity is the best of all paths. The relative strength indicator (RSI), invented by
Welles Wilder, is one of the oldest as well as one of the most popular tools of technical analysis. In
fact, if there was a hall of fame for technical analysis indicators, RSI would certainly be accorded
top-five status. Its ability to measure turns in price by measuring turns in momentum is unmatched
by almost any other tool in technical analysis. The standard RSI settings of 70 and 30 serve as
clear warnings of overbought and oversold territory, and the RSI rollercoaster is a setup that we’ve
developed to take advantage of these turns in the market. The purpose of the RSI rollercoaster is
to harvest points from range-bound currency pairs.
First and foremost, this setup works best in a range environment when overbought and oversold
readings are far more likely to be true signals of a change in direction. Secondly, as we will see
from several examples in this chapter, the setup is much more accurate on the daily charts than on
smaller time frames like hourly charts. The primary reason for this difference is that daily charts
incorporate far more data points into their subset and, therefore, turns in momentum tend to be
more meaningful on longer time frames. Nevertheless, the asymmetrical structure between risk
and reward in this setup makes even the shorter time frames worth considering. Just keep in mind
that although the setup will fail far more frequently on the shorter-term hourly charts than on the
daily ones, the losses will generally be far smaller, keeping the overall risk manageable.

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Rules for a Long Trade
1. RSI reading must be less than 30.
2. Wait for an up candle to form and close with an RSI reading greater than 30.
3. Go long at market on the open of the next candle.
4. Place your stop at the swing low.
5. Exit half of the position at 50% of the risk and immediately move the stop on the rest
to breakeven.
6. Exit the rest of the position when one or the other following condition is met:
a. Stopped at breakeven
b. Trade first moves into overbought territory marked by RSI readings of greater than 70
and then eventually drops from that zone. As soon as RSI declines below 70, sell at market
on the close of that candle.
Rules for a Short Trade
1. RSI reading must be greater than 70.
2. Wait for a down candle to form and close with an RSI reading less than 70.
3. Go short at market on the open of the next candle.
4. Place stop at the the swing high.
5. Exit half of the position at 50% of the risk and immediately move the stop on the rest
to breakeven.
6. Exit the rest of the position when one or the other following condition is met:
a. Stopped at breakeven
b. Trade first moves into oversold territory marked by RSI readings of less than 30 and
then eventually rises out of that zone. As soon as RSI increases above 30, buy at market
on the close of that candle.

The key to this RSI strategy - versus the traditional interpretation of RSI, which simply trades
overbought or oversold levels - is to first look for a reversal candle, which provides us with a sign
of exhaustion before taking the trade. This way, we are prevented from prematurely picking a top
or bottom and instead wait for indicator confirmation.
Note that the RSI rollercoaster is designed to squeeze as much profit as possible out of the turn
trade. Instead of immediately closing out a position when it moves from oversold to overbought
condition, the RSI rollercoaster keeps the trader in the market until price shows a sign of exhaustion.
Sometimes a strong move will generate multiple consecutive periods of overbought RSI readings,
and this setup is specifically intended to catch part of these potentially profitable moves. Note
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also that the RSI rollercoaster is almost always in the market, as the rule for the liquidation of a
long trigger is the creation of a fresh short position. The only two times this setup stays out of the
market is when the trader is stopped out of his position on a false signal or when he is stopped out
at breakeven on the second half of his position.
Now let’s take a look at some examples:
Setup 4 - RSI Rollercoaster, AUD/JPY

Figure 4 - 1

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

In our first example we look at the AUD/JPY currency pair from approximately December 12,
2005 to April 1, 2006. On December 12, the pair records an RSI reading of 73.84, but at the close
of the very next candle the RSI drops to 48.13 and we go short at 88.57. Our stop is set at the most
immediate swing high of 91.33, or 276 points back. Our first target is set at 50% of our risk, or 138
points forward. The very next day the pair collapses further and our first profit target is realized.
We then move our stop to breakeven and stay in the position until RSI reaches oversold territory.
On December 27, 2006 RSI moves up from severely oversold readings below 30 to 30.70. We

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exit the second half of the trade at 85.01, harvesting 356 points. Immediately we initiate a long
position at the same price as the RSI Rollercoaster has now indicated a buy setup. Our stop is set
at the nearest swing low of 84.51. Our risk is a relatively small 50 points and thus our first profit
target is a very modest 25 points, which we achieve in the very next candle when prices rise to
85.26. We move our stop to breakeven and stay in the trade for more than a month until February
6, 2006 when RSI leaves the overbought territory and we liquidate the rest of our position at 88.23
for a 322-point profit. Again we immediately sell at the same price to establish a new short, as
per the setup. The swing high of 89.34 serves as our stop. The first target of 87.68 is achieved the
very next day as we bank 55 points. We exit the rest of the position at 84.01 when RSI once again
returns from its oversold level. The second half of the position produces a 422-point gain. All in
all, the RSI Rollercoaster generates a very respectable 660 points (1319/2) over a four-month time
frame.
Some traders may not have enough patience to trade the RSI rollercoaster on daily charts, so the
next example of the setup is on four-hour charts.

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Setup 4 - RSI Rollercoaster, EUR/USD

Figure 4 - 2

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

In the four-hour chart of the EUR/USD shown on the previous page, we see the RSI rollercoaster
perform well once again. We start on March 21, 2006, as RSI, after spending some time in the
overbought zone above 70, finally falls below that value, triggering a short order at market at
1.2178. The swing-high stop is extremely close at 1.2208, allowing us to risk only 30 points on the
trade. Our first target at 1.2163 is hit within the next candle and we move the stop to breakeven and
follow the trade. The pair eventually trades down to 1.2035 before regaining upside momentum,
and we are able to close out the second half of the position with an additional 138-point profit. We
then immediately go long at the same price. This time our risk is considerably larger at 100 points,
as the swing low lies at 1.1935. Nevertheless, the pair climbs steadily and we reach our first target
with ease, exiting at 1.2085 for a 50-point gain. We then stay in the trade until the rules of the setup
force us to liquidate at breakeven. All in all, in this example of the RSI rollercoaster we are able
to harvest a total of 203 points while risking only 260 points. Although in this sequence the risk
reward ratio is a bit less than 1:1 the high probability aspect of this setup generally assures positive
expectancy overall.

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Setup 4 - RSI Rollercoaster, USD/CHF

Figure 4 - 3

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

Turning now to the one-hour time frame, we see that the RSI Rollercoaster performs far worse on
the shorter time frame. Starting on April 3, 2006, the setup triggers a short at 1.3090 with a 35point stop at the swing high of 1.3125. The trade moves our way almost instantly, and we are able
to quickly cover half the position for 17-point profit. Again we move our stop to breakeven and
stay in the trade all the way to 1.2902, harvesting 197 points in the process. However, before we
celebrate too quickly, the setup triggers an immediate long trade and generates three consecutive
stop outs as the RSI peeks above the 30 level only to retreat into oversold territory once again.
Overall, we lose -28, -36 and -47 points times two lots. Cumulative loss? Minus 222 points. The
three losses fully negate our one big win, and we actually stand at the end of the run down eight
points. To add insult to injury, when the pair does make a turn to the upside we miss the entry
because the rally starts from RSI values above 30 and our setup does not trigger a signal.
What to do about this? One solution is to simply not trade the RSI rollercoaster on time frames
less than four hours in length. This setup is designed to catch major turns in price action and
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works best in range-bound markets that consistently move from overbought to oversold states.
The hourly charts are simply too sensitive for the indicator, generating many false-turn signals as
prices simply pause rather than change direction. On the hourly charts it is far easier for RSI to
work off the temporary overbought/oversold conditions without making a true turn. Nevertheless,
the setup may still be productive for shorter-term-based traders if we add some modifications. The
key to making the RSI rollercoaster successful on the hourly or shorter time frames is to never
assume greater than 30-point risk on any trade. In fact 30 points of risk should be the maximum
that the trader should be willing to absorb on any one given trade. Ideally, the risk on any hourly
version of RSI Rollercoaster should be no more than 15 points. This change will, of course, force
traders to pass up many setups, but on the flip side they would be able to sustain three or even four
consecutive losses in a row with only minimal damage to their equity; and only one good trade
of 100 points or more would put the account right back into positive territory. On the hourly time
frames the signal-to-noise ratio will inevitably increase, therefore, it is vital to minimize the many
likely losses in order to maintain a positive expectancy in the setup.

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Setup 4 - RSI Rollercoaster, GBP/USD

Figure 4 - 4

Source: FXtrek Intellichart, Copyright 2001 - 2005 Fxtrek.com, Inc.

Finally, let’s take a look at the RSI rollercoaster on the GBP/USD hourly charts during the period
from March 27, 2006 to March 29, 2006. We will follow the exact same rules as outlined above,
with one modification: If our risk exceeds 35 points, we will not take the trade. On March 27 at
1am, we trigger a short sell at 1.7458, risking 24 points. The trade goes against us, and we get
stopped out as the pair works off the overbought condition and trades higher. Later in the day we
get a second signal and once again go short at 1.7477. Our risk is a miniscule 10 points. We set our
target at 50% of risk and cover the first part of the trade at 1.7472, moving the stop to breakeven.
Once again the trade moves away from us, but we cover at our entry point, and for all intents and
purposes, the trade turns into a scratch instead of another loser. Finally, at about midday on March
28, we get a third signal to short at 1.7504. This time the risk is a more considerable 32 points,
but it is just within our self-imposed risk-control rule of 35 points. We cover half the position at
1.7488, garnering 16 points, and then follow the trade all the way down to 1.7315, harvesting a
very impressive 189 points on the second half of the trade. The total gain from this three-day foray
into trading the pound is 162 points, but note that the vast bulk of the profits were netted from the

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final half position of the third trade. In fact, that 189-point move was responsible for more than
90% of all the trading gains of the setup. The rest of the time we lost small or essentially broke
even. That in fact is the basic dynamic of the RSI rollercoaster setup, especially on shorter time
frames. It is a low-probability/high-reward setup, and as such requires the trader to follow two key
rules: 1) He must take as many trades as his risk-control rules will allow to optimize his chance of
catching the one big win; and 2) He must also take very small highly defined risks while waiting
patiently for the big-profit trade. As you can see, in RSI rollercoaster half the value of the strategy
comes from the rules themselves, while the other equally important half is derived from a strict
money management approach.

5. Pure Fade
Everyone wants to be the hero and claim that he or she picked the very top or bottom of a currency
pair. However, aside from bragging rights, is there really anything that pleasant about repetitively
selling at every new high in hopes that this one would finally be the top? The answer is a resounding
“no”! One of the biggest pitfalls encountered by novice traders is arbitrarily picking a top or bottom
with no indicator support. The pure fade trade is an intraday strategy that picks a top or bottom
based upon a clear recovery following an extreme move.

The strategy looks for an intraday reversal by using a combination of three sets of Bollinger bands
and the relative strength index on hourly charts. The trade sets up when the RSI hits either an
overbought or oversold level. Overbought is defined as RSI above 70, while oversold is defined as
RSI below 30. This signals to us that we can start looking for a possible reversal. However, rather
than just immediately buying in hopes for a trend reversal based solely upon RSI, we add in three
sets of Bollinger bands to help us identify the point of exhaustion. The reason why we use three
sets of Bollinger bands is because it helps us to gauge the extremity of the move along with the
extent of the possible recovery.
Created in the 1980s by John Bollinger, the originally developed Bollinger bands strategy was
based upon two standard deviations (SD) above and below the 20-day moving average. The theory
was then to buy or sell when the prices hit the Bollinger band because using two standard deviations
ensures that 95% of the price action will fall between the two bands. In our strategy, we add on
the third standard deviation Bollinger band. When prices hit the third band on any side, we know
that the move is within the 5% minority, which then characterizes the move as extreme. When we
move away from the third standard deviation Bollinger band and into the zone between the first
and second standard deviation Bollinger bands, we know that the currency pair has hit its extreme
point at the moment and is moving into reversal phase. Finally, one last thing that we look for is at
least one candle to close fully between the second and first standard deviation bands. This last rule
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