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ARMY
POCKET
PHYSICAL
TRAINING
GUIDE

Pocket Physical Training Guide
This publication contains the following information:
Introduction

Standardized Physical Training Session
Warm–up Exercise Drills
Standardized Physical Training Activities
Standardized Cool–down
Running
Calisthenics
Stability Training
4 for the Core (4C)
Hip Stability Drill (HSD)
Conditioning Drill 1 (CD1)
Military Movement Drill (MMD)
Stretch Drill (SD)
Conditioning Drill 2 (CD2)
Conditioning Drill 3 (CD3)
Training Schedules

CONTENTS

Getting Started
Safety Considerations
Injury Control
Shoes
Clothing
Environmental Conditions
Signs and Symptoms of Heat Injuries
Signs and Symptoms of Cold Weather Injuries
Hydration
Nutrition

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION
The following information is provided for individuals preparing for the
physical demands of Initial Military Training (IMT). The staff of the U.S.
Army Physical Fitness School (USAPFS) prepared this Pocket Physical
Training Guide. This document is the sole property of United States Army
Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) and is intended for use by U.S.
Army Recruiters to assist future Soldiers.
This guide was written in recognition that both the quality and quantity
of physical activity recommended to the individuals using this guide
is consistent with current physical activity recommendations for the
general public. The fitness components of Cardiorespiratory endurance,
muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and body composition are
all inherent within this generalized exercise prescription. This program
specifies the intensity, duration, and frequency of training, and it is the
interaction of these three variables that results in improved health and
physical fitness.
In order for this program to be safe and effective, it must be followed as
written. Exercise must be conducted regularly at the proper intensity to
bring about the desired changes in the body. However, changes in the
body occur gradually; so be patient and adhere to the program. If you
miss a session for some reason, just pick up where you left off with the
next day’s session. However, if you miss a whole week of sessions, you
will have to start the week over. In addition, following the nutritional
guidance in this document and ensuring adequate rest and recovery will
optimize health, improve physical fitness, and control injuries.
DO NOT begin this physical exercise program before passing a
routine physical examination at the Military Entrance Processing
Station (MEPS).

GETTING STARTED
Your physical training program will begin with an assessment of
your present physical condition. Your Recruiter will administer an
assessment (the 1–1–1 Physical Fitness Assessment), which consists of
one minute of push–ups, one minute of sit–ups, and a timed, one–mile
run. This assessment will determine your starting point and appropriate
placement in the Pre–BCT Standardized Physical Training Program. You
and your Recruiter will review your scores to determine which training
schedule you will follow. Commit to spending approximately 45 minutes
per day, four to five times a week in the conduct of physical training.
Whether you follow the walk–to–run guidelines or begin training at
a higher level, this program will help prepare you for the physical
requirements of IMT. If you follow this training program, you will
experience many of the health–related benefits of physical activity.
Adherence to the Pre–BCT Physical Training Program begins your
preparation for the successful completion of the IMT graduation
requirement to pass the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT). This test
consists of two minutes of push–ups, two minutes of sit–ups, and a
timed, two–mile run. Performance standards are based on age and
gender.

Safety Considerations
The Pre–BCT Program is a safe and effective way to improve your
physical fitness. To achieve these results, it must be followed as written.
• ALWAYS perform the prescribed warm–up and cool–down before and
after the training activity.
• Perform ONLY the prescribed number of sets and repetitions on the
training schedule.

• Proper form (precision) is more important than the sloppy execution
of more repetitions.
• Perform ALL the exercises in the order listed for each drill.
• If you miss a day of training, pick up with the next day of the
training schedule.
• Exercise with a training partner whenever possible.
Although a little muscle soreness is to be expected when beginning a
new physical training program, do not aggravate injuries by continuing
to exercise when you are feeling pain or discomfort.

Injury Control
Injuries are not uncommon during intense physical training. Most
injuries can, however, be prevented. Safety is always a major concern.
Many common injuries are caused by overuse, that is, exercising too
much and too often and with too rapid an increase in the workload.
Most overuse injuries can be treated with rest, ice, compression
and elevation.
The most common running injuries occur in the feet, ankles, knees and
legs. Although they are hard to eliminate, much can be done to keep
them to a minimum. Preventive measures include proper warm–up and
cool–down. Failure to allow recovery between hard bouts of running can
lead to overtraining and can also be a major cause of injuries. If you
experience continuing or acute pain, see your doctor.

GETTING
STARTED

Shoes
Proper footwear may play a role in injury prevention. Choosing a running
shoe that is suitable for your particular type of foot can help you avoid
some common running–related injuries. It can also make running more
enjoyable and help you get more mileage out of your shoes.
• Always tie and untie shoes when putting them on and taking
them off.
• Expect shoes to be comfortable when you try them on. If they are
not, then do not buy them.
• How a shoe looks is not as important as proper fit or comfort.
• Replace running shoes when they begin to show visible wear or
after 500 miles of use, whichever occurs first.
• The best shoe for you may not be the most expensive. Always
try on both shoes and walk around the store to ensure they fit
before purchasing.
• If possible, shop for shoes at the end of the day instead of in the
morning. Your feet swell from being in shoes and moving around
all day.

Clothing
Proper clothing can also help prevent injuries.
• Ensure that you are wearing some sort of reflective material if
exercising during hours of low visibility.
• Clothes should be comfortable, light in color, and fit loosely in
warm weather.
• Clothing may be layered according to personal preference in cold
weather and gloves or mittens and ear–protecting caps should be
worn to prevent frostbite.
• Rubberized or plastic suits should NEVER be worn during exercise or
the physical assessments.

Environmental Conditions
• Do not exercise in extremely hot or cold weather; try to find an
alternate indoor location to reduce the risk of heat or cold injuries.
• Avoid exercising near heavily traveled streets and highways during
peak traffic hours.
• Avoid exposure to pollutants before and during exercise, if possible
(including tobacco).
• In areas of high smog concentrations, train early in the day or later
in the evening.
• Use a waterproof or sweat proof sunblock when exercising in warm
weather to avoid sunburn. Follow the instructions on the bottle for
proper use.

GETTING
STARTED

Signs and Symptoms of Heat Injuries
If you experience any of the below symptoms of heat cramps, heat
exhaustion, or heatstroke, immediately stop your physical activity.
Heat Cramps
Muscular Twitching
Cramping
Muscular Spasms in Arms, Legs or Abdomen
Heat Exhaustion (Requires Medical Attention)
Excessive Thirst
Fatigue
Lack of Coordination
Increased Sweating
Cool/Wet Skin
Dizziness and/or Confusion
Heatstroke (MEDICAL EMERGENCY, DIAL 911)
No Sweating
Hot/Dry Skin
Rapid Pulse
Rapid Breathing
Coma
Seizure
Dizziness and/or Confusion
Loss of Consciousness

Signs and Symptoms of Cold Weather Injuries
During exercise in the cold, your body usually produces enough heat to
maintain its normal temperature. As you get fatigued, however, you slow
down and your body produces less heat. Hypothermia develops when
the body cannot produce heat as fast as it is losing it.
Hypothermia
Shivering
Loss of Judgment
Slurred Speech
Drowsiness
Muscle Weakness
Frostbite
A white or grayish–yellow skin area
Skin that feels unusually firm or waxy
Numbness in body parts exposed to the cold such as the nose, ears,
feet, hands, and skin

Hydration
Water is the preferred hydration fluid before, during and after physical
training activities in the Pre–BCT program.
• Drink 13 to 20 ounces of cool water at least 30-60 minutes before
beginning exercise (approximately 2 glasses of water).
• After the activity, drink to satisfy thirst, then drink a little more.
• After exercise, avoid alcoholic beverages and soft drinks because
they are not suitable for proper hydration and recovery. Sports
drinks may be consumed, but are not required and contain a
considerable number of additional calories.
• It is also possible to drink too much water. Be sure to limit intake to
NO MORE THAN 1 1/2 quarts per hour (48 oz.) during heavy exertion.

GETTING
STARTED

Nutrition
In addition to exercise, proper nutrition plays a major role in attaining
and maintaining total fitness. Good dietary habits greatly enhance
your ability to perform at your maximum potential. A good diet alone,
however, will not make up for poor health and exercise habits.
Your body needs carbohydrates, protein, some fat, vitamins, minerals,
fiber, and water to be healthy and grow strong. Include foods from each
of the main food groups in your diet to get all the nutrients you need.
Bread, Cereal, Rice, and Pasta
What do you get? Carbohydrate, vitamins, minerals, fiber, and a small
amount of protein.
Try to make at least half of your choices whole–grain products, such
as 100 percent whole grain bread, brown rice or wild rice, barley,
or oatmeal.
Vegetables
What do you get? Carbohydrate, vitamins, minerals, fiber, and a
small amount of protein.
Eat lots of different ones — at least 3 to 5 servings a day, especially deep
green types and the red, yellow, and orange varieties.
Fruit
What do you get? Carbohydrate, vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
Eat all varieties — at least 2 a day. Try to have a citrus fruit or juice (for
example orange or grapefruit) plus a blue, red, purple, or orange type
(such as blueberries, strawberries, plums or peaches) every day.

Milk, Yogurt, and Cheese
What do you get? Protein, carbohydrate in milk and yogurt, vitamins, and
minerals (especially calcium).
Select 1 percent or nonfat milk or cottage cheese, nonfat or low–fat
yogurt and part–skim or fat–reduced cheeses.
Meats, Poultry, Fish, Eggs, Nuts, Dry Beans
What do you get? Protein, vitamins and minerals (especially iron and
zinc) plus carbohydrate in beans.
Choose lean meats (ones with the words “round,” “loin,” or “leg” in the
name), skinless chicken or turkey breast, ham, any fish or seafood (if not
fried or in butter), egg whites, and veggie burgers.
Fats, Oils, and Sweets
What do you get? Mostly extra calories.
A little is all right, but it’s easy to get too much. Cut way back on fried,
greasy, oily, creamy, and buttery foods. Limit high–sugar, nutrient poor
foods like candy, desserts, and sugar–sweetened soda pop and fruit
drinks to once in a while and in small amounts.

GETTING
STARTED

Nutrition Tips
❑ At least two–thirds of your plate should be covered with foods from
the grains, vegetables, and fruits groups and no more than one
third should have a low–fat or lean protein source from the milk or
meat group.
❑ To lose weight, decrease calories while increasing exercise and
activity. You can decrease calories by decreasing portions and
limiting high–fat and high–sugar and nutrition–poor foods.
❑ To gain weight, slightly increase calorie consumption while starting
your resistance training program to gain muscle not fat.
❑ Avoid most fast foods and processed foods (such as burgers and
sausage, chips, fries and other deep–fried foods, snack crackers,
snack cakes, and pastries).
❑ Drink 8–10 glasses of water a day.
❑ Take a “food first” approach to achieving good health and
performance. If you feel you are unable to meet your nutritional
needs through your diet, consider taking a daily multi–vitamin,
multi–mineral supplement that contains no more than 100 percent of
the Recommended Daily Allowance.
If you have questions, consult a registered nutritionist or dietitian.

STANDARDIZED PHYSICAL TRAINING SESSION
A standardized physical training session consists of three essential
elements: warm–up, activity, and cool–down. These elements are
integrated to produce the desired training effect. More importantly,
every standardized physical training session must have a specific
purpose. This purpose, to prepare you for the physical demands of IMT,
follows a recommended rate of progression, specific to each individual’s
tolerance to the current level of training. There are three stages of
standardized progression: initial, improvement, and maintenance.
The initial conditioning stage includes light muscular endurance
activities and moderate–level Cardiorespiratory endurance activities
that produce minimal muscle soreness and control injuries. This stage
usually lasts up to four weeks and is dependent upon the individual’s
adaptation to exercise. The duration of the main activity during the
initial stage will begin with approximately 15 to 20 minutes and may
progress to 30 minutes. Individual goals are established by your
Recruiter early in your exercise program and are reflected in where
you start in the training schedule. These goals are realistic and provide
personal rewards. The initial stage is the Walk–to–Run Program and the
muscular strength and endurance sessions conducted in weeks one
through four.
The goal of the improvement stage is to provide a gradual increase in
the overall exercise stimulus to allow for more significant improvements
in your fitness level. As an example, you will exercise at a moderate
to vigorous intensity for 20 to 30 minutes continuously. This is shown
through the increased running times in the running progression and
the increased number of sets and repetitions in Conditioning Drill 2 and
Conditioning Drill 3.

STANDARDIZED
PHYSICAL
TRAINING
SESSION

The goal of the maintenance stage is the long–term maintenance of
the Cardiorespiratory and muscular strength and endurance fitness
developed during the weeks spent in the improvement stage. This stage
of the standardized physical fitness training program begins when you
have reached the pre–established fitness goals set by your Recruiter.
Your exercise program will incorporate levels of intensity, frequency,
and duration consistent with the objective of preparing you physically
for the challenges of IMT. All standardized physical training sessions in
this program have been developed using this model. Your Recruiter will
guide you through the 12–week PRE–BCT Standardized Physical Training
Schedule, and he or she will monitor your performance with periodic
assessments. Your Recruiter will provide instruction to you regarding
your participation in this program. As an example, your Recruiter will
assess your fitness level with the 1–1–1 Physical Fitness Assessment.
Warm–up Exercise Drills
The standardized physical training session will always include the
following elements: warm–up, activity and cool–down. The warm–up
should last approximately 15 minutes and occur just before the activities
of the physical training session. On training days that concentrate
primarily on strength and mobility, the performance of 4 for the Core
and the Hip Stability Drill should be conducted, followed by Conditioning
Drill 1. On training days that concentrate primarily on endurance and
mobility, the warm–up consists of the performance of Conditioning
Drill 1, followed by The Military Movement Drill. After the warm–up,
you are prepared for more vigorous conditioning activities. Optimal
musculoskeletal function requires that an adequate range of motion be
maintained at all joints. The dynamic exercises contained in each of the
warm–up drills challenge the body’s range of motion to achieve a variety
of postures.

4 for the Core
1. The Bent–leg Raise

(hold for 60 seconds)

2. The Side Bridge

(hold for 60 seconds)

3. The Back Bridge

(hold for 60 seconds)

4. The Quadraplex

(hold for 60 seconds)

See 4 for the Core tab.

The Hip Stability Drill
1. The Lateral Leg Raise

(5 repetitions on each side)

2. The Medial Leg Raise

(5 repetitions on each side)

3. The Lateral Bent–leg Raise

(5 repetitions on each side)

4. The Single–leg Tuck

(5 repetitions on each side)

5. The Single–leg Over

(hold for 20 seconds on each side)

See Hip Stability Drill tab.

STANDARDIZED
PHYSICAL
TRAINING
SESSION

Conditioning Drill 1
1. The Bend and Reach

(5 repetitions – slow)

2. The Rear Lunge

(5 repetitions – slow)

3. The High Jumper

(5 repetitions – moderate)

4. The Rower

(5 repetitions – slow)

5. The Squat Bender

(5 repetitions – slow)

6. The Windmill

(5 repetitions – slow)

7. The Forward Lunge

(5 repetitions – slow)

8. The Prone Row

(5 repetitions – slow)

9. The Bent–leg Body Twist

(5 repetitions – slow)

10. The Push–up

(5 repetitions – moderate)

See Conditioning Drill 1 tab.

The Military Movement Drill
1. Verticals

(1 repetition)

2. Laterals

(1 repetition)

3. The Shuttle Sprint

(1 repetition)

See Military Movement Drill tab.

Standardized Physical Training Activities
The activities of your standardized physical training session (speed
running, sustained running, Conditioning Drill 2, and Conditioning Drill 3)
are specified on the physical training schedule. See training schedules
tab for speed running, sustained running, Conditioning Drill 2 and
Conditioning Drill 3 tabs.
Standardized Cool–down
The cool–down serves to gradually slow the heart rate and helps
prevent pooling of the blood in the legs and feet. You should begin
the cool–down by walking until your heart rate returns to less than
100 beats per minute (BPM) and heavy sweating stops.
The cool–down should last approximately 10 minutes and occur
immediately after the activities of the standardized physical training
session. The performance of The Stretch Drill makes up the cool–down
for ALL physical training sessions. The cool–down safely brings you
back to your pre–exercise state after performing vigorous conditioning
activities. The Stretch Drill provides exercises that are designed to
improve flexibility in most major muscle groups of the body. These
static stretches involve slowly stretching muscles and then holding that
position for an extended period of time.

STANDARDIZED
PHYSICAL
TRAINING
SESSION

The Stretch Drill
1. The Overhead Arm Pull

(hold for 20 seconds on each side)

2. The Rear Lunge

(hold for 20 seconds on each side)

3. The Extend and Flex

(hold for 20 seconds in each
stretch position)

4. The Thigh Stretch

(hold for 20 seconds on each side)

5. The Single–leg Over

(hold for 20 seconds on each side)

See Stretch Drill tab.

RUNNING
(Cardiorespiratory Endurance Training)
Cardiorespiratory endurance refers to your body’s ability to
utilize oxygen in the working muscles. IMT will challenge your
Cardiorespiratory endurance in activities such as: ability group
runs, speed running, foot marching, obstacle and bayonet assault
course negotiation, and common skills training.
GETTING STARTED
You and your Recruiter will review the results of the one–mile run event
on the 1–1–1 Physical Fitness Assessment. Your one–mile run time will be
used to determine your placement in either the Walk–to–Run Program
or one of the three running ability groups (A, B or C). Your Recruiter will
inform you of which training schedule to follow and the running ability
group to which you will be assigned. See Training Schedules tab. When
beginning a running program, care should be taken to follow a proper
progression for both intensity and duration. Cardiorespiratory training,
particularly running, if begun without proper preparation can contribute
to lower extremity injuries. Improvements in your body’s ability to use
oxygen occur when exercise involves the use of large muscle groups
over extended periods in activities that are rhythmic and aerobic in
nature (e.g., running, walking, swimming, cycling, and some recreational
sports). Walking or running may be the activity of choice because it is
readily accessible and can be performed any time or place with little or
no training.

RUNNING

Walk–to–Run Program
If you are a male and your one–mile time was slower than 8:30 or
a female and your one–mile time was slower than 10:30 on the 1–1–1
Physical Fitness Assessment, begin with this section. When new runners
or runners of lower fitness levels start a running program, they often
follow a walk–run progression. During the first four weeks, you will
alternate walking and running for the time listed on the training
schedule and repeat the walk–run routine five times in each training
session. You will gradually decrease the walk time and increase the run
times over the four weeks. When you have completed the walk–to–run
program, you are ready to progress to the next stage of your training.
The run progression starts at week 5 of your designated training
schedule. You should run continuously for the time period listed on the
training schedule. You should run at a pace that you are able to maintain
for the entire time listed. You should not feel out of breath during the
runs. If you are able to carry on a conversation as you run (the talk test),
then you are probably running at the right pace. Resist the temptation
to run longer than the time period listed on the training schedule. The
program will get harder; it is designed to gradually and safely increase
your endurance. During weeks seven through 12, you will run one mile
at a designated pace that progresses each week to enable you to meet
the BCT standard. You will also add speed running to the program, which
will increase the intensity and help you to run faster. Make sure that you
properly warm up with the standardized warm–up before the walk–run
activity. Refer to the training schedules at Training Schedules tab.
Sustained Running
If you are a male and your one–mile time was 8:30 or faster or a female
and your one–mile time was 10:30 or faster on the 1–1–1 Physical Fitness
Assessment, begin with this section. Run continuously for the time
period, at the designated pace listed for your gender and ability group,
on the training schedule. The program will get harder; it is designed

to gradually and safely increase your endurance. You will also add
speed running to the program, which will increase the intensity and
help you to run faster with improved running form. Make sure that you
properly warm up with the standardized warm–up before running and
properly cool down with the standardized cool–down after the running
activity. The following table displays running ability groups categorized
by one–mile run times and gender. For example, if a female ran the
one–mile run event in 9:30, she would be placed in Female Ability Group
B. Refer to the training schedules at Training Schedules tab.

Sustained Running Ability Groups
GENDER
MALE
FEMALE

A

B

C

7:00 or faster

7:01 – 7:45

7:46 – 8:30

8:31 – 9:00

9:01 – 9:45

9:46 – 10:30

NOTE: If a female runs faster than the female run times listed above, the Recruiter
will select the appropriate male running ability group, and she will run at the male
pace times listed on the training schedules at Training Schedules tab.

Speed Running
Speed running will help you to improve your fitness level in a relatively
short time and increase your running speed. In speed running, you
will alternate periods of fast running with periods of walking. In this
way, you can do more fast–paced running in a given workout than if
you continuously run without resting. During speed running, you will
perform a work interval (run fast) in a specified time for a specific
number of repetitions. The work intervals are followed immediately by
an active recovery interval (walk). Speed running improves the active
muscles’ resistance to fatigue by repeatedly exposing them to high

RUNNING

intensity effort. An appropriate work to recovery ratio for improving
speed is 1:2. You will perform speed work in the form of 30:60s, adhering
to a work to recovery ratio of 1:2. During the work (run) interval, you
will sprint for 30 seconds. During the recovery (walk) interval, you will
walk for 60 seconds. This is one repetition of 30:60s. Speed running is
performed once a week, starting week one, continuing to the end of the
12–week program. You will progress from four to 10 repetitions of speed
running intervals.
Running Form
Running form varies from person to person. Differences in body types,
i.e., limb lengths and muscle balance, may cause individuals to have
variations in their running style. Attempts to force an individual to
conform to one standard may do more harm than good. However, there
are some basic guidelines that may improve running efficiency without
overhauling the individual’s
natural stride. Generally,
the form and technique
for all types of running
are fairly constant. The
following information
addresses optimal running
form for the major
body segments.
Refer to the figure at left.

Head
The head should be held high, with the chin neither pointing up nor
down. Allowing the head to ride forward puts undue strain on the
muscles of the upper back.
Shoulders
The shoulders should assume a neutral posture, neither rounded
forward nor forcefully arched backward. Rounding the shoulders forward
is the most common fault in everyday posture as well as with running.
This is usually associated with tightness of the chest and shoulder
muscles. Another problem occurs when the shoulders start to rise with
fatigue or increased effort. This position not only wastes energy, but
can also adversely affect breathing.
Arms
Throughout the arm swing, the elbows should stay at roughly a
90–degree bend. The wrists stay straight and the hands remain loosely
cupped with palms facing inward. The arm swing should be free of
tension, but do not allow the hands to cross the midline of the body.
Trunk and Pelvis
The trunk should remain over its base of support, the pelvis. A common
problem with fatigue is allowing the trunk to lean forward of the legs
and pelvis. This forces the lower back muscles to spend too much energy
resisting further trunk collapse to the front.

RUNNING

Legs
For sustained running, much of the power is generated from below the
knee. Energy is wasted as the knees come higher and the large muscles
around the hips and thighs are engaged. While running, concentrate
on getting a strong push–off from the ankle of the back leg. This helps
to naturally lengthen the stride. Lengthening the stride by reaching
forward with the front leg will be counterproductive.
Feet
The feet should be pointing directly forward while running. With fatigue
and certain muscle imbalances, the legs and feet will start to rotate
outward. This may hinder performance and create abnormal stresses
that contribute to injury.
Breathing
Breathing should be rhythmic in nature and coordinated with the
running stride.

CALISTHENICS
(Strength and Mobility Training)
Strength runs a continuum between muscular strength and muscular
endurance. Muscular Strength refers to your ability to overcome
maximum resistance in one single effort. Muscular Endurance refers to
the ability to overcome sub–maximal resistance in repeated efforts over
a period of time. Mobility is the functional application of strength and
endurance. IMT will challenge your strength, mobility and endurance
on obstacle courses, buddy carries, the bayonet assault course, foot
marches, and during daily activities that involve lifting. Criteria for
placement of Soldiers in Training Schedules 3 and 4 (push–up and/or
sit–up failure) is listed below.
Males: less than 13 push–ups and/or less than 17 sit–ups
Females: less than 3 push–ups and/or less than 17 sit–ups
GETTING STARTED
Strength and Mobility Training does not require a gym or expensive
equipment. In fact, it is best to start with just the resistance of your own
body to develop proper form. Calisthenic exercises can be performed
at home in a relatively small space and in a time–efficient manner.
Calisthenics are an integral part of this fitness program for muscular
strength and mobility. In addition to the development and maintenance
of muscular strength, the physiological benefits of resistance training
include increases in bone mass and in the strength of connective tissue.
This is particularly important to establish injury control in the beginning
stages of an exercise program. The conditioning drills that you will
follow in this program consist of exercises that train the major muscle
groups of the arms, shoulders, chest, abdomen, back, hips, and legs.

CALISTHENICS

The primary goal of this training is to develop total body strength
and mobility in a relatively time–efficient manner. These calisthenic
exercises should be performed on alternate days; additional sets and
repetitions will bring about larger strength gains.

Conditioning Drill 1
Conditioning Drill 1 (CD1) consists of a variety of calisthenics that develop
motor skills while challenging strength, endurance, and flexibility. The
exercises in the drill are always performed in the sequence listed below.
Conditioning Drill 1 is always used in the conduct of the warm–up.
Conditioning Drill 1
1. The Bend and Reach
2. The Rear Lunge
3. The High Jumper
4. The Rower
5. The Squat Bender
6. The Windmill
7. The Forward Lunge
8. The Prone Row
9. The Bent–leg Body
Twist
10. The Push–up
For a complete explanation, see Conditioning Drill 1 tab.

Conditioning Drill 2
Conditioning Drill 2 (CD2) is designed to enhance upper body strength,
endurance, and mobility. As in Conditioning Drill 1, all exercises are to be
performed in the sequence listed. You should try to find a partner(s) to
assist you, when performing the Pull–ups. Conditioning Drill 2 consists of
the following exercises:
Conditioning Drill 2
1. The Push–up
2. The Sit–up
3. The Pull–up
For a complete explanation, see Conditioning Drill 2 tab. For more information
on the hand position for the Pull–up, see below.

Hand Position
The overhand grip is the grip used for the pull–up. The hands are placed
shoulder width apart with thumbs around the bar for the overhand grip.

Overhand Grip

CALISTHENICS

Conditioning Drill 3
Conditioning Drill 3 (CD3) consists of five higher–level toughening
phase exercises that develop more complex motor skills while
challenging strength, endurance, and mobility at a higher intensity.
All of the exercises in the drill are conducted to cadence, and are
always performed in the sequence listed. Exercises are performed
to cadence for five 4–count repetitions, progressing to 10 repetitions.
Precise execution should never be sacrificed for speed.
Conditioning Drill 3
1. The Power Jump
2. The V–up
3. The Mountain Climber
4. The Leg Tuck and Twist
5. The Single–leg Push–up
For a complete explanation, see Conditioning Drill 3 tab.

Stability Training
Stability is dependent on structural strength and body management.
Regular precise performance of 4 for the Core and The Hip Stability
Drill form a foundation of good stability for physical performance. The
exercises in these drills may be performed prior to Conditioning Drill 1
during the warm–up and/or after cool–down. These drills may also
be performed separate from the regular training sessions as
supplemental training. DO NOT exceed 60 seconds for each 4 for the
Core exercise and perform NO MORE THAN 10 repetitions of Exercises
1 through 4 of The Hip Stability Drill. DO NOT EXCEED 60 seconds for
Exercise 5 of The Hip Stability Drill. If performance of more repetitions is
desired, don’t single out any one exercise to be repeated. Instead, repeat
each or both of these drills in their entirety.

4 FOR THE CORE
The abdomen, lower spine and pelvis comprise the trunk (core) of the
body. This area must be stable so the limbs have a fixed base from
which to create powerful movements. The abdominal and back muscles
form a supportive ring around the spine. You are only as strong as
your weakest link. So we must train all these muscles in a manner that
mimics their function. The commands for 4 for the Core are: “Starting
Position, MOVE”, “Ready, EXERCISE.” 4 for the Core exercises follow.

STABILITY
TRAINING

THE BENT–LEG RAISE
Lying in the Starting Position for the sit–up, place the fingers of both
hands underneath the small of the back. Raise the feet off of the ground
until both the hips and knees are flexed to 90 degrees. Next, contract
the abdominals as if you are preparing for a blow to the stomach.
Another way to perform this drawing–in maneuver is to imagine pulling
the navel toward the spine. Think about the amount of pressure on
your fingers created by the contraction of your abdominals. Maintain
the same degree of pressure as you slowly straighten the legs. As soon
as you can no longer maintain the same degree of pressure on your
fingers, bring the legs back to the Starting Position and repeat until one
minute has elapsed.




Starting
The Bent–leg Raise
Position

Starting
Position

THE SIDE BRIDGE
Lay on your side with your upper body off the ground, supported by
the upper body with the elbow, forearm, and fist. Cross the bottom
leg in front of the top leg, with the feet together. The legs may also be
positioned with the knees together and knees bent 90 degrees. Firmly
press into the ground with the supporting arm, then raise the trunk
and pelvis straight upward until they form a straight line with the
legs/knees. Hold this position while continuing to breathe. Switch to
the other side after one minute. If you cannot hold for one minute,
lower, rest briefly, then repeat until one minute has elapsed.

STABILITY
TRAINING



Starting Position (Left)

Left Side Bridge



Starting Position (Right)

Right Side Bridge

Modified Side Bridge (on knees)

THE BACK BRIDGE
Lying on the back with knees bent to 90 degrees, arms extended
sideward at 45 degrees and feet on the marching surface, perform the
drawing–in maneuver. Once the abdominal contraction is established,
raise the hips off of the ground until the trunk and thighs form a
generally straight line. The spine must not arch to achieve this position.
With the buttocks still up, straighten the left leg until it comes in line
with the trunk and thigh. Don’t let the trunk and pelvis sag on the
unsupported side. Hold five seconds, then switch to the other leg.
Repeat for one minute. If the spine begins to sag, arch, or tilt, lower to
the Starting Position, rest for 3–5 seconds, then, try again.



Starting Position

Left Leg Back Bridge



Back Bridge Position

Back Bridge Position

Back Bridge Position

Right Leg Back Bridge

Starting Position

THE QUADRAPLEX
The Starting Position is on the hands and knees with the back flat.
Contract the abdominal muscles as described in the bent–leg raise.
Without rotating the trunk or sagging/arching the spine, straighten the
left leg to the rear and the right arm to the front. Hold five seconds.
Alternate the arm and leg movements on subsequent repetitions,
repeating for one minute. The key to this exercise is controlled lowering
and raising of the opposite arm/leg while keeping the rest of the
body still.

STABILITY
TRAINING



Starting Position

Right Quadraplex



Starting Position

Left Quadraplex

The Hip Stability Drill
The Hip Stability Drill, like 4 for the Core, is designed to three–
dimensionally train the hip and upper thigh areas, developing the
basic strength and mobility needed for stability to perform functional
movements. The Hip Stability Drill should be performed immediately
after 4 for the Core. The Hip Stability Drill and 4 for the Core may
performed outside of regular sessions as supplemental training.

Hip Stability Drill
Exercise 1: The Lateral Leg Raise
(5 repetitions on each side)
Purpose: This exercise strengthens lateral hip and upper
leg muscles.
Starting Position 1: Lay on your right side with your legs extended
straight to the side and feet together with toes
pointing straight ahead. Support your upper
body with your right elbow. Your elbow is bent at
90–degrees, your upper arm is perpendicular to
the ground and your right hand makes a fist
vertical to the ground.
Starting Position 2: Lay on your left side with your legs extended
straight to the side and feet together with toes
pointing straight ahead. Support your upper
body with your left elbow. Your elbow is bent at
90–degrees, your upper arm is perpendicular
to the ground and your left hand makes a fist
vertical to the ground.

Cadence: SLOW.

Count: 1. Raise the bottom foot so the top foot is
6–8 inches above the ground.
2 Return to the Starting Position.
3. Raise the bottom foot so the top foot is
6–8 inches above the ground.
4. Return to the Starting Position.


STABILITY
TRAINING

Left Lateral Leg Raise

Starting Position



Count 1

Count 3

Count 2

Count 4

Right Lateral Leg Raise

Starting Position



Count 3

Count 1

Count 2

Count 4

Check Points:
❑ Face to the front of the formation, maintaining a generally straight
line with the body.
❑ On Counts 1 and 3, keep the knee of the raised leg straight and the
foot pointing forward. The top leg raises no more than 6–8 inches
above the ground.
❑ Place the top hand over the stomach throughout the exercise.
Precautions: N/A.

Hip Stability Drill
Exercise 2: The Medial Leg Raise
(5 repetitions on each side)
Purpose: This exercise strengthens the inner thigh and
hip muscles.
Starting Position 1: Lay on your left side with your legs extended
straight to the side and feet together with toes
pointing straight ahead. Support your upper
body with your left elbow. Your elbow is bent at
90–degrees, your upper arm is perpendicular
to the ground and your left hand makes a fist
vertical to the ground.
Starting Position 2: Lay on your right side with your legs extended
straight to the side and feet together with toes
pointing straight ahead. Support your upper
body with your right elbow. Your elbow is bent
at 90–degrees, your upper arm is perpendicular
to the ground and your right hand makes a fist
vertical to the ground.

Cadence: SLOW.

Count: 1. Raise the top leg so the top foot is 6–8 inches
above the ground.
2 Return to the Starting Position.
3. Raise the top leg so the top foot is 6–8 inches
above the ground.
4. Return to the Starting Position.


STABILITY
TRAINING

Left Medial Leg Raise

Starting Position



Count 1

Count 3

Count 2

Count 4

Right Medial Leg Raise

Starting Position



Count 3

Count 1

Count 2

Count 4

Check Points:
❑ Keep the hips facing forward and the body in a generally straight line.
❑ Keep the toes facing forward on the bottom leg.
❑ Place the top hand over the stomach throughout the exercise.
❑ Do not raise the bottom foot higher than 6–8 inches above
the ground.
Precautions: N/A.

Hip Stability Drill
Exercise 3: The Lateral Bent–leg Raise
(5 repetitions on each side)

Purpose: This exercise strengthens hip rotator muscles.
Starting Position 1: Lay on your right side with your legs bent at
90–degrees and feet together with toes pointing
straight ahead. Support your upper body
with your right elbow. Your elbow is bent at
90–degrees, your upper arm is perpendicular
to the ground and your right hand makes a
fist vertical to the ground.
Starting Position 2: Lay on your left side with your legs bent at
90–degrees and feet together with toes pointing
straight ahead. Support your upper body with
your left elbow. Your elbow is bent at 90–degrees,
your upper arm is perpendicular to the ground
and your left hand makes a fist vertical to
the ground.

Cadence: SLOW.

Count: 1. Raise the top leg approximately 12 inches
above the ground, keeping the feet together.
2. Return to the Starting Position.
3. Raise the top leg approximately 12 inches
above the ground, keeping the feet together.
4. Return to the Starting Position.

STABILITY
TRAINING

Right Lateral Bent–leg Raise

Starting Position



Count 1

Count 3

Count 2

Count 4

Left Lateral Bent–leg Raise

Starting Position



Count 3

Count 1

Count 2

Count 4

Check Points:
❑ Face to the front of the formation, maintaining a generally straight
line with the body, from the knees to the torso.
❑ Keep the feet together throughout the exercise.
❑ Place the top hand over the stomach throughout the exercise.
Precautions: N/A.

Hip Stability Drill
Exercise 4: The Single–leg Tuck
(5 repetitions on each side)
Purpose: This exercise strengthens the hip flexors, lateral
hip and upper leg muscles.
Starting Position 1: Lay on your right side with your legs extended
straight to the side, with the left leg 6–8 inches
above the ground and toes pointing straight ahead.
Support your upper body with your right elbow.
Your elbow is bent at 90–degrees, your upper arm
is perpendicular to the ground and your right hand
makes a fist vertical to the ground.
Starting Position 2: Lay on your left side with your legs extended
straight to the side, with the right leg 6–8 inches
above the ground and toes pointing straight ahead.
Support your upper body with your left elbow.
Your elbow is bent at 90–degrees, your upper arm
is perpendicular to the ground and your left hand
makes a fist vertical to the ground.

Cadence: SLOW.

Count: 1. Bring the thigh of the top leg toward the chest,
bending the knee at 90–degrees.
2. Return to the Starting Position.
3. Bring the thigh of the top leg toward the chest,
bending the knee at 90–degrees.
4. Return to the Starting Position.


STABILITY
TRAINING

Left Single–leg Tuck

Starting Position



Count 1

Count 3

Count 2

Count 4

Right Single–leg Tuck

Starting Position



Count 3

Count 1

Count 2

Count 4

Check Points:
❑ Face to the front of the formation, maintaining a generally straight
line with the body.
❑ The top foot remains 6–8 inches above the ground throughout
the exercise.
❑ Place the top hand over the stomach throughout the exercise.
Precautions: N/A.

Hip Stability Drill
Exercise 5: The Single–leg Over
(hold for 20 seconds on each side)
Purpose: This exercise develops flexibility of the hips and
lower back muscles.
Starting Position: Supine position with arms sideward, palms down.
Exercise Position 1: On the command, “Ready, STRETCH,” turn the
body to right, bend the left knee to 90–degrees
over the right leg and grasp the outside of the left
knee with the right hand and pull toward the right.
Hold this position for 20 seconds.
Starting Position: On the command, “Starting Position, MOVE,”
assume the Starting Position.
Exercise Position 2: On the command, “Ready, STRETCH,” turn the
body to left, bend the right knee to 90–degrees
over the left leg and grasp the outside of the right
knee with the left hand and pull toward the left.
Hold this position for 20 seconds.
Starting Position: On the command, “Starting Position, MOVE,”
assume the Starting Position.


STABILITY
TRAINING



Starting Position

Exercise Position 1

Starting Position



Starting Position

Exercise Position 2

Starting Position

Check Points:
❑ At the Starting Position, the arms are directed to the sides at
90–degrees to the trunk; the fingers and thumbs are extended
and joined.
❑ In Exercise Position 1, keep the left shoulder, arm and hand on
the ground.
❑ In Exercise Position 2, keep the right shoulder, arm and hand on
the ground.
❑ Head remains on the ground throughout the exercise.
Precautions: N/A.

Conditioning Drill 1
Exercise 1: The Bend and Reach
Purpose: This exercise develops the ability to squat and
reach through the legs. It also serves to prepare
the spine and extremities for more vigorous
movements, moving the hips and spine through
full flexion.
Starting Position: Straddle stance with arms overhead.

Cadence: SLOW.

Count: 1. Squat with the heels flat as the spine rounds
forward to allow the straight arms to reach as
far as possible between the legs.
2. Return to the Starting Position.
3. Repeat Count 1.
4. Return to the Starting Position.


Starting
Position

Count 1

Count 2

Count 3

Count 4

CONDITIONING
DRILL 1
(CD1)

Check Points:
❑ From the Starting Position, ensure that Soldiers have their hips set,
their abdominals tight, and their arms fully extended overhead.
❑ The neck flexes to allow the gaze to the rear. This brings the head in
line with the bend of the trunk.
❑ The heels and feet remain flat on the ground.
❑ On Counts 2 and 4, do not go past the Starting Position.
Precautions: This exercise is always performed at a slow cadence.
To protect the back, move into the Count 1 position in a slow, controlled
manner. Do not bounce into or out of this position in a ballistic manner,
as this may place an excessive load on the back.

Conditioning Drill 1
Exercise 2: The Rear Lunge
Purpose: This exercise promotes balance, opens up the hip
and trunk on the side of the lunge and develops
leg strength.
Starting Position: Straddle stance with hands on hips.

Cadence: SLOW.

Count: 1. Take an exaggerated step backward with
the left leg, touching down with the ball of
the foot.
2. Return to the Starting Position.
3. Repeat Count 1 with the right leg.
4. Return to the Starting Position.


CONDITIONING
DRILL 1
(CD1)

Starting
Position

Count 1

Count 2

Count 3

Count 4

Check Points:
❑ Maintain straightness of the back by keeping the abdominal muscles
tight throughout the motion.
❑ After the foot touches down, allow the body to continue to lower.
This promotes flexibility of the hip and trunk.
❑ On Counts 1 and 3, step straight to the rear, keeping the feet directed
forward. When viewed from the front, the feet maintain their distance
apart both at the Starting Position and at the end of Counts 1 and 3.
❑ Keep the rear leg as straight as possible but not locked.
Precautions: This exercise is always performed at a slow cadence.
On Counts 1 and 3, move into position in a slow, controlled manner.
If the cadence is too fast, it will be difficult to go through a full range
of motion.

Conditioning Drill 1
Exercise 3: The High Jumper
Purpose: This exercise reinforces correct jumping and
landing, stimulates balance and coordination, and
develops explosive strength.
Starting Position: Forward–leaning stance.

Cadence: MODERATE.

Count: 1. Swing arms forward and jump a few inches.
2. Swing arms backward and jump a few inches.
3. Swing arms forward and vigorously over head
while jumping forcefully.
4. Repeat Count 2. On the last repetition, return
to the Starting Position.


CONDITIONING
DRILL 1
(CD1)

Starting
Position

Count 1

Count 2

Count 3

Count 4


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