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1206 Varietal 10-2003 Cover v7

10/16/2003

13:37

Page 1

WORLDWIDE OFFICES
North America
555 West South Hill Road
P.O. Box 209, Sunnyside, WA 98944
Phone: (509) 839-9022 / Fax: (509) 839-5570
For craft & microbrewing inquiries in the U.S. or Canada,
call toll-free: (800) 608-HOPS (4677)

Western Europe
Otto de Mentockplein 19
Strombeek-Bever, Belgium B-1853
Phone: +32-2-263.0610 / Fax: +32-2-263.0613

Eastern Europe

High Quality Hops
from the
Yakima Valley

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160 00 Prague 6, Czech Republic
Phone: +420 224 322 407 / +420 224 322 831
Fax: +420 224 315 096

Asia
20/F, No. 9 Des Voeux Road West
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South /Central America
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Phone: +55 21 2227 0161 / Fax: +55 21 2227 0159

YAKIMA CHIEF, INC.
In the U.S. or Canada, call toll free (800) 608-HOPS
E-mail – info@yakimachief.com
www.yakimachief.com

<------Ready Reference Guide
2.5M1003

YAKIMA CHIEF,
CHIEF, INC.
INC.
YAKIMA

Hop Varietal Guide

1206 Varietal 10-2003 Cover v7

10/16/2003

13:37

Page 4

Exclusive YC
Quality/Value Package
1. Verifiable Hop Quality & Consistency
From the growing fields, to pelleting, CO2 extraction and
shipping, every process is managed by Yakima Chief.

2. Hop Tracking with Grower Documentation
Contracted partner customers receive control reports and
tracking with each shipment. A Certificate of Analysis verifies
the brewing value components.

3. Hop Processing is ISO 9001:2000 Registered
All hop processing is in compliance with ISO 9001:2000
standards. In the pelleting process, nitrogen cooling of the die
heads preserves the maximum bittering and aroma characteristics.
Our state-of-the-art CO2 extraction facility provides brewers with
high quality hop extract products to meet any requirements.

4. Technical Development & Support Worldwide
Our technical support staff of brewing professionals is available
through our worldwide network of offices, as well as from the
headquarters staff.

5. New Varieties & Innovative Products
Customized new hop products are being developed.
Detailed information is available on our web site at
www.yakimachief.com.

6. Fair Pricing
Our mission is to provide the highest quality hop products at
stable, competitive prices, including a fair return to growers.

www.yakimachief.com

Hop Varietal Ready Reference
Hop Variety

Ahtanum
Amarillo™
Cascade
Centennial
Chinook
Cluster
Crystal
Fuggle
Galena
Golding
Hallertau mf
Horizon
Liberty
Magnum
Mt. Hood
Northern Brewer
Nugget
Palisade™
Perle
Satus®
Simcoe®
Spalter Select
Sterling
Tettnanger
Tomahawk®
Ultra
Vanguard
Warrior®
Willamette

% Alpha Acids

% Beta Acids

5.7-6.3
8.0-11.0
4.5-7.0
9.5-11.5
12.0-14.0
5.5-8.5
4.0-5.5
4.0-5.5
12.5-14.0
4.0-6.0
3.5-5.5
10.2-16.5
3.0-4.5
10.0-12.6
4.0-6.0
8.0-10.0
12.0-14.5
5.5-9.5
7.0-9.5
12.5-14.0
12.0-14.0
3.5-5.5
4.5-5.0
4.0-5.0
14.0-18.0
4.0-5.0
5.0-6.0
15.0-17.0
4.0-6.0

5.0-6.5
6.0-7.0
4.5-7.0
3.5-4.5
3.0-4.0
4.5-5.5
5.0-6.7
1.5-2.0
7.5-9.0
2.0-3.0
3.5-5.5
6.5-8.5
3.0-3.5
5.0-7.0
5.0-7.5
3.0-5.0
4.0-6.0
6.0-8.0
4.0-5.0
8.5-9.0
4.5-5.0
3.5-4.5
5.0-6.0
3.5-4.5
4.5-5.8
3.6-4.7
5.0-7.0
4.5-5.5
3.5-4.5

Alpha /Beta Ratio

1.1
1.6
1.0
2.7
4.0
1.2
1.0
2.7
1.7
2.0
1.0
1.6
1.0
2.0
0.8
2.7
3.0
1.0
1.8
1.5
2.8
1.0
0.8
1.1
3.1
1.1
1.0
3.3
1.1
www.yakimachief.com

YAKIMA CHIEF, INC.
Cohumulone

% Total Oil

Storage

30-35
21-24
33-40
28-30
29-34
36-42
20-22
25-32
37-42
20-25
20-25
17-22
24-28
25-30
22-27
25-30
25-30
24-29
27-32
32-35
15-20
20-25
21-23
20-25
29-34
25-30
14-15
24-26
30-35

0.8-1.2
1.5-1.9
0.8-1.5
1.5-2.5
1.5-2.5
0.4-0.8
0.8-2.1
0.7-1.2
0.9-1.2
0.4-0.8
1.0-1.5
1.2-2.6
1.0-1.8
2.0-3.0
1.0-1.3
1.5-2.0
1.7-2.3
1.4-1.6
0.7-0.9
1.5-1.8
2.0-2.5
0.8-1.2
0.6-1.0
0.4-0.8
2.0-3.5
0.8-1.2
0.8-1.2
1.0-2.0
1.0-1.5

fair
good
poor
poor
fair
good
poor
fair
good
fair
fair
good
fair
good
poor
good
good
good
good
good
good
good
good
fair
poor
fair
good
good
fair

Willamette
Origin/History

Table of Contents

Willamette is a triploid aroma-type hop, which originated
in the mid 1970’s and is a seedling of Fuggle. It is a very
popular aroma hop, contributing in 1998 to 18% of the
total USA hop crop.

Agronomics

Tolerant to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora, with fair
pickability of a medium size open cone.

Brewing Quality
Maturity
Yield

Used for its aromatic properties and moderate bittering.
Early
1600-1800 kgs/ha
1400-1600 lbs/acre

Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

4.0-6.0%
1.1
3.5-4.5%

Cohumulone

30-35% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

1.0-1.5 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Myrcene

20-30% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

8-12% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

20-30% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

5-10% (as % of total oils)

Storage

fair

Willamette

Ahtanum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Amarillo™ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Cascade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Centennial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Chinook. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Crystal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Fuggle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Galena . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Golding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Hallertau mf. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Horizon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Liberty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Magnum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Pedigree of Common Hop Cultivars . . . . . . . . . 16-17
Mt. Hood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Northern Brewer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Nugget . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Palisade™† . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Perle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Satus® † . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Simcoe ®† . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Spalter Select. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Sterling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Tettnanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Tomahawk® . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Ultra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Vanguard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Warrior ® † . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Willamette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Ready Reference Guide . . . . . . . . . . Inside Back Cover
The data provided in this variety booklet are based on the following analytical methods:
• ASBC spectrophotometric method for alpha acids and beta acids.
• ASBC HPLC method for co-humulone and other homologs.
• ASBC steam distillation method for hop oil content.

32

†Analyzed using direct desorption methodology. Source: Sanja, E.; Khoo, B.K.; Lech, J; and Hartman, T.G. Direct thermal
desorption gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry profiling of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) essential
oils in support of varietal characterization. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2000. 48, no. 4. 1140 -1149.

Ahtanum
Origin/History

Amarillo

TM

Ahtanum is an aroma-type cultivar bred by Yakima Chief

Origin/History

Ranches. Its name is derived from the area near Yakima

Amarillo™ is an aroma-type cultivar of recent origin,
discovered and introduced by Virgil Gamache Farms Inc.

where the first hop farm was established in 1869 by
Charles Carpenter.

Agronomics

Demonstrated good resistance to downy mildew,
Pseudoperonospora. The new variety is moderately tolerant to

Agronomics

Ahtanum is tolerant to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora,

strains of Verticillium wilt found in the state of Washington’s

with good pickability of a small, compact cone.

growing areas. The variety has demonstrated good resistance
to powdery mildew, Podosphaera, as well.

Brewing Quality

Used for its aromatic properties and moderate bittering.
Brewing Quality

Maturity
Yield

properties due to its lower co-humulone content.

Medium
2000-2200 kgs/ha
1775-1950 lbs/acre

Maturity
Yield

Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

Used for its aromatic properties, and also for its bittering

5.7-6.3%

Medium
1300-1800 kgs/ha
1200-1600 lbs/acre

1.1
5.0-6.5%

Alpha acids

8.0-11.0%

AmarilloTM

Cohumulone

30-35% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

0.8-1.2 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Beta acids

Myrcene

50-55% (as % of total oils)

Cohumulone

21-24% (% of alpha acids)

9-12% (as % of total oils)

Total Oil

1.5-1.9 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Humulene

16-20% (as % of total oils)

Myrcene

68-70% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

Storage

fair

Ahtanum

Alpha:Beta ratio

Caryophyllene

6.0-7.0%

2-4% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

9-11% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

2-4% (as % of total oils)

Storage
2

1.6

good
3

Cascade
Origin/History

Centennial

Cascade is an aroma-type cultivar which originated as the

Origin/History

Centennial is an aroma-type cultivar, bred in 1974 and

first commercial hop from the USDA-ARS breeding program.

released in 1990. The genetic composition is 3/4 Brewers

It was bred in 1956 but not released for cultivation until

Gold, 3/32 Fuggle, 1/16 East Kent Golding, 1/32 Bavarian

1972. It reached its peak in 1975 when it produced 13.3%

and 1/16 unknown.

of the total American crop. It was obtained by crossing an
English Fuggle with a male plant, which originated from the

Agronomics

Russian variety Serebrianka with a Fuggle male plant.
Agronomics

Tolerant to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora, with good

Moderately tolerant to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora,
with good pickability of a medium, compact cone.

Brewing Quality

Used for its aromatic properties and bittering potential.

pickability of a medium size, compact cone.
Maturity
Brewing Quality

Used for its aromatic properties.

Yield

Medium
1700-2000 kgs/ha
1500-1750 lbs/acre

Maturity
Yield

Medium
1600-2000 kgs/ha

Alpha acids

1400-1800 lbs/acre

Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

9.5-11.5%
2.7
3.5-4.5%

Cohumulone

28-30% (% of alpha acids)

1.0

Total Oil

1.5-2.5 (mls. of oil per 100g)

4.5-7.0%

Myrcene

56-60% (as % of total oils)

4.5-7.0%

Cascade

Cohumulone

33-40% (% of alpha acids)

Caryophyllene

Total Oil

0.8-1.5 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Humulene

10-12% (as % of total oils)

Myrcene

45-60% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

3-6% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

10-16% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

4-8% (as % of total oils)

Storage

4-6% (as % of total oils)

Storage

poor

poor
4

5

Centennial

Chinook
Origin/History

Cluster

Chinook is a bittering variety with aroma characteristics

Origin/History

Cluster originated from mass selection of the Cluster hop,

released in May, 1985. It was bred by crossing a Petham

which is an old American cultivar. It is suggested that

Golding with the USDA 63012 male.

they arose from hybridization of varieties, imported by
Dutch and English settlers and indigenous male hops.

Agronomics

Tolerant to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora, with fair
pickability of a large cone.

Agronomics

Susceptible to both downy, Pseudoperonospora, and
powdery, Podosphaera, mildew. It has good pickability with

Brewing Quality

Used for its high proportion of bittering from alpha-acids

some shatter due to the large, open cone morphology.

plus its aromatic characteristics.
Brewing Quality
Maturity
Yield

Used as a kettle hop for bittering.

Medium
2100-2400 kgs/ha

Maturity

1900-2100lbs/acre

Yield

Medium
2100-2400 kgs/ha
1900-2100 lbs/acre

Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

12.0-14.0%
4.0

Alpha acids

3.0-4.0%

Alpha:Beta ratio

5.5-8.5%
1.2

Cohumulone

29-34% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

1.5-2.5 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Cohumulone

36-42% (% of alpha acids)

Myrcene

35-40% (as % of total oils)

Total Oil

0.4-0.8 (mls. of oil per 100g)

9-11% (as % of total oils)

Myrcene

45-55% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene
Humulene

20-25% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Storage

Chinook

Beta acids

Caryophyllene

4.5-5.5%

Cluster

6-7% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

15-18% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

fair
Storage

6

good

7

Crystal
Origin/History

Agronomics

Fuggle

Crystal is a triploid aroma-type cultivar, released for commercial

Origin/History

Fuggle is an aroma-type cultivar selected in England as a

production in 1993. It originates from a seedling selection

chance seedling in 1861. It reached its peak in the U.K. in

(No. 8309-37) made at Corvallis in 1983 between the colchicine-

1949 when 78% of the English crops were grown as Fuggle.

induced tetraploid "Hallertau mf” (USDA 21397) and the diploid

It is also marketed as Styrian (Savinja) Golding in the

male downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora, resistant aroma hop,

Slovenian Republic. In the USA it is grown in Oregon and

USDA 21381M. Crystal is a half-sister of Mt. Hood and Liberty.

Washington State.

Tolerant to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora, with good

Agronomics

Tolerant to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora, with good
pickability of a small, seedless cone. Seeded cones are

pickability of a small cone.

large, open and prone to shatter.
Brewing Quality

Used for its aromatic properties.
Brewing Quality

Maturity
Yield

Used for its aromatic properties.

Medium
1300-1700 kgs/ha

Maturity

1200-1500 lbs/acre

Yield

Early
1200-1500 kgs/ha
1100-1300 lbs/acre

Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

4.0-5.5%

Crystal

1.0
5.0-6.7%

Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio

Fuggle

4.0-5.5%
2.7
1.5-2.0%

Cohumulone

20-22% (% of alpha acids)

Beta acids

Total Oil

0.8-2.1 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Cohumulone

25-32% (% of alpha acids)

Myrcene

40-65% (as % of total oils)

Total Oil

0.7-1.2 (mls. of oil per 100g)

4-8% (as % of total oils)

Myrcene

40-50% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene
Humulene

18-24% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0-1% (as % of total oils)

Storage

poor

Caryophyllene
Humulene

20-26% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

4-5% (as % of total oils)

Storage
8

6-10% (as % of total oils)

fair
9

Galena
Origin/History

Golding

Galena is a bittering-type cultivar which was bred in 1968

Origin/History

Golding is a group of aroma-type cultivars originating in England. Over the

from Brewers Gold and an open pollination, i.e. an unknown

decades, the group has been changed and widened. Mostly they have been

male plant. It was released for cultivation in 1978.

named after villages in East Kent, (Petham, Rothersham, Canterbury,
Eastwell) or hop farmers, who grew them (Amos's Early Bird, Cobbs).

Agronomics

Moderate tolerance to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora,

English Goldings grown in East Kent, are a premium hop, called East Kent

and susceptible to powdery mildew, Podosphaera.

Golding and should not be confused with U.K. Goldings, which are grown in

Good pickability of a medium-large cone.

other parts such as Kent, Worcestershire, Hampshire and Herefordshire. The
cultivar grown in the USA (Oregon and Washington State) is a Canterbury Golding.

Brewing Quality

Used primarily as a bittering hop.
Agronomics

Maturity
Yield

Good pickability of a small, moderately compact cone.

Medium
2000-2200 kgs/ha
1800-2000 lbs/acre

Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

Brewing Quality

12.5-14.0%

Maturity

1.7

Yield

7.5-9.0%

Galena

37-42% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

0.9-1.2 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Alpha:Beta ratio

Myrcene

55-60% (as % of total oils)

Beta acids

3-5% (as % of total oils)

Used for its aromatic properties.
Medium
1100-1600 kgs/ha
1000-1450 lbs/acre

Cohumulone

Caryophyllene

Susceptible to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora.

Alpha acids

Golding

4.0-6.0%
2.0
2.0-3.0%

Cohumulone

20-25% (% of alpha acids)

Humulene

10-15% (as % of total oils)

Total Oil

0.4-0.8 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Myrcene

25-35% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

15-20% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

35-45% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Storage

good

Storage
10

fair
11

Hallertau mf
Origin/History

Agronomics

Horizon

Hallertau mf is an aroma-type cultivar which originated in

Origin/History

Horizon is a high alpha-aroma cultivar, a diploid seedling

Germany as a land-race hop. The original Hallertau mf in

result of a cross made in 1970 between the USDA 65009

Germany has been replaced with other Hallertau types

female plant (with Brewers Gold and Early Green lineage)

with similar quality characteristics. The name indicates

and the male plant 64035M. It was released as a

that it is a middle to early ripening cultivar.

commercial variety in 1998.

Moderate tolerance to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora,

Agronomics

and susceptible to Verticillium wilt, Verticillium spp.

Susceptible to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora,
with good pickability of a small, compact cone.

Good pickability of a small, open cone.
Brewing Quality
Brewing Quality
Maturity
Yield

low cohumulone content.

Used for its aromatic properties.
Early

Maturity

900-1200 kgs/ha

Yield

Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

3.5-5.5%

Alpha acids

Hallertau mf

1.0
3.5-5.5%

Medium
2100-2200 kgs/ha
1900-2000 lbs/acre

800-1100 lbs/acre
Alpha acids

Used for its aromatic and bittering properties due to its

Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

10.2-16.5%

Horizon

1.6
6.5-8.5%

Cohumulone

20-25% (% of alpha acids)

Cohumulone

17-22% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

1.0-1.5 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Total Oil

1.2-2.6 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Myrcene

10-15% (as % of total oils)

Myrcene

65-75% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

10-12% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

Humulene

36-40% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

8-10% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

1-3% (as % of total oils)

Storage

fair

Storage
12

5-6% (as % of total oils)

good
13

Liberty
Origin/History

Magnum

Liberty is a triploid aroma-type cultivar, the result in 1983 of

Origin/History

Magnum is a bittering/aroma type cultivar, bred in 1980

the colchicine-induced tetraploid female cultivar Hallertau mf

at Huell, the German Hop Research Institute, from the

and a downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora, resistant male,

American variety Galena and the German male 75/5/3.

USDA 64035M. It is a half-sister to Ultra, Mt. Hood and Crystal.
Agronomics
Agronomics

Tolerant to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora, susceptible

Moderate tolerance to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora,

to powdery mildew, Podosphaera, with poor pickability of a

and susceptible to powdery mildew, Podosphaera.

large, compact cone.

The small, open cone is difficult to harvest.
Brewing Quality
Brewing Quality

Used for its aromatic properties similar to Hallertau mf.
Maturity

Maturity
Yield

Used for its bittering value and quality.

Medium

Yield

1100-1700 kgs/ha

Medium
2000-2200 kgs/ha
1800-2000 lbs/acre

1000-1550 lbs/acre
Alpha acids
Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

3.0-4.5%

Alpha:Beta ratio

1.0

Liberty

3.0-3.5%

Beta acids
Cohumulone

10.0-12.6%
2.0
5.0-7.0%
25-30% (% of alpha acids)

Cohumulone

24-28% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

2.0-3.0 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Total Oil

1.0-1.8 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Myrcene

35-45% (as % of total oils)

Myrcene

32-42% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

8-12% (as % of total oils)

9-12% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

25-30% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

30-40% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

Storage
Storage

good

fair

14

15

Magnum

Pedigree of Common Hop Cultivars

16

17

Mt. Hood
Origin/History

Northern Brewer

Mt. Hood is a triploid aroma-type cultivar, the 1983 result

Origin/History

Northern Brewer is a bittering-type cultivar, bred in 1934

of a cross between the colchicine-induced tetraploid

in England from a Canterbury Golding female plant and

female Hallertau mf (USDA 21397) and the USDA 19058M,

the male plant OB21. Northern Brewer has been used in

male plant. It is a half-sister to Ultra, Liberty and Crystal.

the breeding process. This cultivar is grown in England,
Belgium, Germany and the USA.

Agronomics

Tolerant to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora, with good
pickability of a medium, compact, cone.

Agronomics

Moderate tolerance to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora,
with good pickability of a medium, dense cone.

Brewing Quality

Used for its aromatic properties similar to Hallertau mf.
Brewing Quality

Maturity
Yield

Used for its good bittering value similar to Nugget.

Medium
1700-2000 kgs/ha

Maturity

1500-1800 lbs/acre

Yield

Medium
1800-2000 kgs/ha
1600-1800 lbs/acre

Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

4.0-6.0%
0.8

Alpha acids

5.0-7.5%

Alpha:Beta ratio

Mt. Hood

8.0-10.0%
2.7

Northern Brewer

Cohumulone

22-27% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

1.0-1.3 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Cohumulone

25-30% (% of alpha acids)

Myrcene

30-40% (as % of total oils)

Total Oil

1.5-2.0 (mls. of oil per 100g)

8-15% (as % of total oils)

Myrcene

50-60% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene
Humulene

25-35% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Storage

Beta acids

Caryophyllene

3.0-5.0%

5-10% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

20-30% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

poor
Storage

18

good

19

Nugget
Origin/History

Palisade

TM

Nugget is a bittering-type cultivar, bred in 1970 from the

Origin/History

USDA 65009 female plant and USDA 63015M. The lineage

Palisade™ is an aroma type cultivar bred by
Yakima Chief Ranches.

of Nugget is 5/8 Brewers Gold, 1/8 Early Green, 1/16
Canterbury Golding, 1/32 Bavarian and 5/32 unknown.

Agronomics

Low susceptibility to powdery mildew, Podosphaera.
Good pickability of a medium size cone.

Agronomics

Tolerant to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora, and
powdery mildew, Podosphaera. Pickability of a medium-size,

Brewing Quality

Used for its aromatic properties and moderate bittering.

compact cone.
Maturity
Brewing Quality

Used for its bittering potential plus aromatic properties

Yield

similar to Northern Brewer.
Maturity
Yield

Alpha:Beta ratio

Medium

Alpha acids

2100-2400 kgs/ha

Alpha:Beta ratio

Beta acids

Beta acids

12.0-14.5%

Nugget

3.0
4.0-6.0%

2400-3400 kgs/ha
2200-3000 lbs/acre

1900-2100 lbs/acre
Alpha acids

Medium

5.5-9.5%
1.0
6.0-8.0%

Cohumulone

24-29% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

1.4-1.6 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Myrcene

9-10% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

16-18% (as % of total oils)

Cohumulone

25-30% (% of alpha acids)

Humulene

19-22% (as % of total oils)

Total Oil

1.7-2.3 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Myrcene

52-56% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

8-9% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

19-20% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Storage

Storage

good

good
20

21

PalisadeTM

Perle
Origin/History

Satus
Perle is an aroma-type cultivar, bred in 1978 in Germany

Origin/History

Satus® is a bittering-type cultivar of recent origin.

from Northern Brewer. It is grown in Germany, Belgium
and the U. S. A.

Agronomics

Moderate tolerance to powdery mildew, Podosphaera.
Fair to good pickability of a medium size cone.

Agronomics

Moderate tolerance to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora,
with good pickability of a small, compact cone.

Brewing Quality

Used for its bittering and aromatic properties –
similar to Galena.

Brewing Quality

Used for both its aromatic and bittering qualities.
Maturity

Maturity
Yield

Early

Yield

1300-1700 kgs/ha

Medium
2100-2400 kgs/ha
1900-2100 lbs/acre

1150-1550 lbs/acre
Alpha acids
Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

7.0-9.5%

Alpha:Beta ratio

1.8

Beta acids

4.0-5.0%

12.5-14.0%
1.5
8.5-9.0%

Cohumulone

32-35% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

1.5-1.8 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Myrcene

23-27% (as % of total oils)

Cohumulone

27-32% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

0.7-0.9 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Myrcene

45-55% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

10-14% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

10-12% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

21-25% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

28-33% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0 (as % of total oils)

Perle

Storage
Storage

good

good

22

23

Satus ®

®

Simcoe

Spalter Select

®

Origin/History

Simcoe® is a bittering/aroma type cultivar bred by

Origin/History

Yakima Chief Ranches.

Spalter Select is an aroma-type cultivar, bred in Germany
and released for cultivation in the late 1980's. It is grown
in Germany in the Hallertau and Spalter areas and in the

Agronomics

Moderate tolerance to powdery mildew, Podosphaera.

U.S.A. in Washington State.

Good pickability of a medium size cone.
Agronomics
Brewing Quality

Used for its aromatic and especially for its bittering

Tolerant to both Verticillium wilt and downy mildew,
Pseudoperonospora.

properties due to its low cohumulone content properties.
Brewing Quality
Maturity
Yield

Medium

and Saaz.

2000-2200 kgs/ha
1800-2000 lbs/acre

Maturity
Yield

Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

Used for its aromatic properties similar to Tettnanger

12.0-14.0%

Medium
1800-2000 kgs/ha
1600-1800 lbs/acre

2.8
4.5-5.0%

Alpha acids

3.5-5.5%

Cohumulone

15-20% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

2.0-2.5 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Myrcene

17-21% (as % of total oils)

Cohumulone

20-25% (% of alpha acids)

Caryophyllene

17-21% (as % of total oils)

Total Oil

0.8-1.2 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Humulene

36-40% (as % of total oils)

Myrcene

40-50% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Storage

good

Alpha:Beta ratio

Simcoe®

Beta acids

Caryophyllene

Spalter Select

3.5-4.5%

6-8% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

15-20% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

10-15% (as % of total oils)

Storage

24

1.0

good

25

Sterling
Origin/History

Tettnanger

Sterling is an aroma cultivar, a diploid seedling made in

Origin/History

Tettnanger is an aroma-type cultivar which originated in the

1990 with a 21522 female plant and a 21361 male plant.

Tettnanger hop growing area of Germany as a land-race hop.

Its parentage is 1/2 Saazer, 1/4 Cascade, 1/8 64035M

It is grown in the U.S.A. in Oregon and Washington State.

(unknown German aroma X open pollination),1/16 Brewers
Gold, 1/32 Early Green, and 1/32 unknown.

Agronomics

Moderate tolerance to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora,
and fair pickability of a small, open cone.

Agronomics

Sterling is resistant or at least tolerant to the current race
of powdery mildew, Podosphaera.

Brewing Quality

Brewing Quality

Used for its aromatic properties, similar to Saaz.

Maturity
Yield

Maturity
Yield

Early

Beta acids

1100-1500 kgs/ha

1600-1800 kgs/ha
Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio

Alpha:Beta ratio

Early
1000-1300 lbs/acre

1400-1600 lbs/acre
Alpha acids

Used for its aromatic properties.

4.5-5.0%

Beta acids

0.8

Sterling

5.0-6.0%

4.0-5.0%
1.1
3.5-4.5%

Cohumulone

20-25% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

0.4-0.8 (mls. of oil per 100g)
36-45% (as % of total oils)

Cohumulone

21-23% (% of alpha acids)

Myrcene

Total Oil

0.6-1.0 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Caryophyllene

Myrcene

44-48% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

18-23% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

20-22% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

10-12% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

6-8% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

13-15% (as % of total oils)

Storage

Storage

6-7% (as % of total oils)

fair

good

26

27

Tettnanger

Tomahawk

Ultra

®

Origin/History

Tomahawk® is a bittering hop of recent origin, bred by

Origin/History

Ultra is a triploid aroma-type cultivar, originated in 1983

Charles Zimmermann. It is the first commercially grown

from a cross between the colchicine-induced tetraploid

“Super Alpha” variety. In 1998 it contributed to 11% of

Hallertau mf (USDA 21397) and the diploid Saazer-derived

the USA hop crop.

male genotype (USDA 21237m). Ultra is the half-sister to
Mt. Hood, Liberty and Crystal. Its genetic composition is 4/6

Agronomics

Brewing Quality

Moderate tolerance to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora.

Hallertau mf, 1/6 Saazer, and 1/6 unknown. This cultivar

Good pickability of a large compact cone.

was released for commercial production in March, 1995.

Used primarily as a bittering hop.

Agronomics

Moderately tolerant to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora,
with good pickability of a small cone.

Maturity
Yield

Late
2800-3000 kgs/ha

Brewing Quality

2500-2700 lbs/acre
Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

similar to Hallertau.

14.0-18.0%

Maturity

3.1

Yield

4.5-5.8%

Medium
1800-2000 kgs/ha
1600-1800 lbs/acre

Tomahawk®

Cohumulone

29-34% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

2.0-3.5 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Alpha:Beta ratio

Myrcene

25-40% (as % of total oils)

Beta acids

Caryophyllene

Used for its aromatic properties

7-12% (as % of total oils)

Alpha acids

Ultra

4.0-5.0%
1.1
3.6-4.7%

Cohumulone

25-30% (% of alpha acids)

Humulene

10-22% (as % of total oils)

Total Oil

0.8-1.2 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Myrcene

25-35% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

10-15% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

30-40% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Storage

poor

Storage
28

fair
29

Vanguard
Origin/History

Warrior

Vanguard is a diploid cultivar made in 1982 between

Origin/History

USDA 21285, which has Hallertau mf parentage and

®

Warrior® is a bittering hop of a recent origin, bred by
Yakima Chief Ranches.

USDA 64037m. It was released for cultivation in 1997.
Agronomics
Agronomics

Tolerant to downy mildew, Pseudoperonospora, with good

Moderate tolerance to powdery mildew, Podosphaera.
Good pickability of a medium size cone.

pickability of a compact cone.
Brewing Quality
Brewing Quality

Used for its aromatic properties and low cohumulone

Used both for its aromatic properties and especially for its
bittering properties, due to its low cohumulone content.

similar to the Hallertau mf cultivar.
Maturity
Maturity
Yield

Early

Yield

1500-1900 kgs/ha

Medium
2700-2900 kgs/ha
2400-2600 lbs/acre

1300-1700 lbs/acre
Alpha acids
Alpha acids
Alpha:Beta ratio
Beta acids

5.0-6.0%

Alpha:Beta ratio

1.0

Beta acids

5.0-7.0%

Vanguard

15.0-17.0%
3.3
4.5-5.5%

Cohumulone

24-26% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

1.0-2.0 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Cohumulone

14-15% (% of alpha acids)

Total Oil

0.8-1.2 (mls. of oil per 100g)

Myrcene

17-21% (as % of total oils)

Myrcene

19-21% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

20-24% (as % of total oils)

Caryophyllene

10-15% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

29-33% (as % of total oils)

Humulene

42-44% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0% (as % of total oils)

Farnesene

0-1% (as % of total oils)
Storage

Storage

good

good

30

31

Warrior ®


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