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EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE TONOMETER PEN DIATON SELECTED FOR EMERGENCY ROOM ER AND EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT ED .pdf



Nombre del archivo original: EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE TONOMETER PEN DIATON SELECTED FOR EMERGENCY ROOM ER AND EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT ED.pdf
Autor: ToDONE

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EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)

INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE (IOP) MEASUREMENT WITH DIATON® PEN
TONOMETER

INTRODUCTION:
DIATON® Tonometer Pen ( BiCOM Inc, USA) is Non-corneal, Non-contact, Transpalpebral
(through eyelid) handheld tonometer.
DIATON® PEN TONOMETER is a handheld, pen-shaped device used for measuring
intraocular pressures (IOP). The DIATON Pen tonometer calculates pressure by measuring the
response of a free-falling floater, as it rebounds against the tarsal plate of the eyelid and the
sclera.
The patient is positioned so that the tip of the device and lid are overlying sclera, in either sitting
or supine position.
Non-corneal and transpalpebral tonometry does not involve contact with the cornea and does not
require topical anesthetic during routine use. Contact lenses do not need to be taken out and
central corneal thickness (CCT) and other corneal properties do not influence the IOP
measurement.
In Emergency Department and Acute Care settings IOP measurement is indicated in cases of
acute eye injury, acute eye pain, red eye, and acute loss of visual acuity. Normal intraocular
pressure ranges between 10-20 mmHg.

All Rights Reserved. Copyright 2013

EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)

EQUIPMENT, SUPPLIES & MAINTENANCE:

To measure intraocular pressure with a DIATON® Tonometer Pen, the following equipment is
needed: a pen tonometer, alcohol swab – to wipe off the tip of the tonometer between patients.
NO need for topical anesthetic (either properacaine or tetracaine) or tip covers since the
measurement is taken over upper eyelid.
DIATON® Tonometer Pens are battery operated devices.
Tonometer will indicate “U” on the display if the battery is low. Batteries are button CR2032.

All Rights Reserved. Copyright 2013

EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)

The parts of the tonometer are: the stainless steel tip, the operation button, and an LCD display.
The operation button is used for turning the device ON and OFF and to obtain AVERAGE aget
measurements.
The LCD screen provides information about the sequence of readings, possible errors and tells
you the pressure reading.

CALIBRATION:
DIATON® Tonometer Pen comes with a carry case which includes Pressure Selector Testing
Device. To check for calibration, simply take the measurement on the Testing Plate. Results
should be within ±2mm of 20mm. LCD display will also indicate any other errors or if the
device needs to be cleaned.
Frequency of testing – once a day.

MEASURING IOP:
The patient should be relaxed and seated at the edge of the chair and reclining back, with head
titled back as horizontal as possible or lying down flat prior to beginning. Tight shirt collars
should be loosened. Patient should extend a thumb forward at appx 45º to center the eye. User
should guide the patients to be in the correct position.
Putting the rod into working position
The working position of the rod is its fixed inside the device (the rod is not seen in the tip
area).
All Rights Reserved. Copyright 2013

EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)

Fig. 1

If the rod is seen in the tip area, it's necessary to put it into working position.
Keep the tonometer vertically with its tip downwards, as it is shown in fig.1.

Fig. 2

Turn the tonometer with its tip upwards, as it is shown in fig. 2.
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EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)

The rod automatically falls inside the tonometer.

Fig. 3

Turn the tonometer with its tip downwards.
The rod is fixed inside the device, as it is shown in fig.3; it means that it is in the proper
working position.

Turning the tonometer ON

Fig. 4
Press momentarily the OPERATION button once.
"0000" symbol appears on the display as it is shown in fig. 4.

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EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)

If after turning ON the tonometer produces an interrupted sound signal it means that its body deviates
from vertical position. Move the device so it reaches the vertical position of the tonometer and the
sound signal will stop.

IOP measuring must be realized with the tonometer's position being strictly vertical!
To get the reliable results it is important to learn how to reach the vertical position of the
tonometer before starting IOP measurement in patients.

Practicing with the tonometer on the test plate

Fig. 5

The testing device is built in the tonometer's case (Fig.5). Its main assignment is checking the
tonometer's capacity for work before starting the operation and when necessary.
Use the testing device to easily find the vertical position and practice Test measurements.
Prepare the tonometer for work — the rod is in the working position, the tonometer is turned
ON.

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EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)

Fig. 6
Place the tonometer's tip in the indents of the testing device as it is shown in fig.6.
Reach the tonometer's vertical position when there's no interrupted sound signal.

Fig. 7
Fluently lower the tonometer's body down until the rod falls. The display must show the test
value from 18 to 22, as it is shown in fig.7. The checking is finished.

At other test values the tonometer is considered inoperative.

All Rights Reserved. Copyright 2013

EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)

During checking the tonometer's capacity for work keep it in the vertical position, there should
be no sound signal. If after the measurement the display shows L symbol it means that user took
the measurement while the device was beeping. It is necessary to put the rod into the working
position again and repeat the operation on the testing device.

Measuring of IOP
It is possible to measure IOP with the patient being in sitting or reclining position. Horizontal
position of the patient's head is required.
Disinfect the tip of the tonometer with alcohol swab according to the directions of the Operation
Manual.

Fig. 8a

Fig. 8b

If you are Right Handed - Stand at the LEFT hand side of the patient as it is shown in fig.8.
Put the rod into working position, turn the tonometer ON.

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EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)

Fig. 9

Place and fix the patient's glance using the test object (extend patients Thumb forward) the
patient's glance line being oriented approximately at the angle of 45° as it is shown in fig.9.

Fig. 10

Stretch the upper eyelid with a finger of a free hand so that the edge of the upper eyelid
coincides with the limb (fig.10). Keep the eyelid in this position.
Do not press the eyeball.

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EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)

Fig. 11

Place the edge of your palm with the tonometer on the patient's forehead. With the other hand
keep holding the eyelid in the necessary position (edge of the lid should be 1mm above the edge
of the limbus) (fig.11).

Place the tonometer's tip on the
eyelid in such a way that the front
part of the tip is as close to the front
edge of the upper eyelid as possible
without touching the eyelashes.
(fig.12, 13).
The influence zone of the tonometer's
rod must be the part of sclera
corresponding to сorona ciliaris in
12 o'clock meridian. Secure the
tonometer's vertical position (there's
no sound signal).
Fig. 12

Gently lower the tonometer's body
keeping its vertical position until the
rod falls on the eyelid which is
accompanied with the short sound
signal.

All Rights Reserved. Copyright 2013

EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)

Fig. 13
Do NOT let Eyelid slide onto the cornea during IOP measuring
IOP measurement is reliable only in sclera area!
The tonometer's display shows the number of a single IOP measurement
(fig.14), the digital result is recorded automatically in the tonometer's
memory.
Fig. 14

Fig. 15

Keeping the eyelid in the same position tilt the tonometer back and
forward so the rod in the working position and proceed with the
measurement series until you hear one long sound signal (or two long sound
signals). Press the OPERATION button and you'll get the digital IOP value
on the display (fig.15).

During carrying out the measuring series do not look aside the display showings!
You will see the IOP value only after finishing the measuring series and pressing the
OPERATION button.

Interpretation of the obtained IOP values
Display indication
Symbol "А" and IOP
value in nonflickering mode.

Result evaluation
The result is reliable

Notes
The IOP measuring of the eye
being studied is finished

Symbol "А" in a
The result should be considered as If necessary carry out the
flickering mode and approximate, but if IOP is equal or new series of IOP measuring
IOP value in a
less than 20 mm Hg it can be
strictly following the
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EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)
flickering mode.

considered as reliable.

Symbol "А 00" in a
flickering mode.

The result is considered erroneous. Carry out the new series of
IOP measuring strictly
following the methodology.

methodology.

The tonometer is turned OFF by momentarily pressing of the OPERATION button, or it is
turned OFF automatically in 30 seconds.
Attention! If you keep the OPERATION button pressed for more than 3 seconds the tonometer
enters the auxiliary mode the auxiliary information being displayed. It is easy to be corrected;
the detailed information can be found in Part II of Operation Manual. (To get out of this mode:
Press and hold the ON button until the countdown starts 1-7, Release once you reach #7. )
Continue taking measurements on another eye.

Possible mistakes during IOP measuring
The most common mistakes

These are the most common mistakes during mastering the measuring methodology and lead to
significant underestimation of the tonometry results.
Incorrect!
The measurement is taken not on the sclera (but on
the limb or on the cornea).

Correct!
The edge of the upper eyelid coincides
with the limb

All Rights Reserved. Copyright 2013

EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)

The situation can arise due the following reasons:




You did not coincide the patient's upper eyelid with the edge of the limb. The eyelid slightly
moved to the limb even before the measurement that's why the IOP measurement was realized
not in the sclera area but on the limb or on the cornea.
You did not fix the eyelid with the finger so during the measurement under the pressure of the
rod the eyelid moved to the cornea and the measurement was carried out not in the sclera
area.

Incorrect!
During the IOP measurement the tonometer's tip is
placed beyond the eyelid cartilage that is not close
to the ciliary edge but indented for 1 mm or more.

Correct!
The front part of the tip is close to the front
edge of the upper eyelid without touching
the eyelashes.

In this case the result underestimation is connected with the influence of the eyelid viscosity
because this influence increases significantly while moving further from the ciliary edge and
disfigures the tonometry results.
Please pay attention once again to the correct position of the eyelid and the tonometer's tipthis is the most important condition of receiving the reliable results!

Other mistakes
- nonhorizontal position of the patient's head
- the neck's squeeze with the collar
- the prolonged throwing the head back while there's the pathology of the
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Result
underestimation
Result overestimation

EMERGENCY MEDICINE UPDATE:
TONOMETER DIATON® SELECTED FOR
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT (ED) / EMERGENCY ROOM (ER)

spine's cervical section

Result overestimation

- non-vertical position of the tonometer

Result
underestimation

- the edge of the eyelid is above the corneal limb
- the eyelid's extrophy while pulling it strongly

Result
underestimation
Result
underestimation

More detailed information on IOP measuring methodology and the meaning of the displayed
symbols you can find in the Operation Manual and in the Training Video at:
http://tonometerdiaton.com/index.php?do=home.training

SUMMARY
DIATON® Tonometer Pen ( BiCOM Inc, USA) transpalpebral (through the eyelid, non-corneal)
tonometry is an easy, quick and accurate way of measuring intraocular pressures (IOP) in
patients presenting with acute eye problems. By becoming proficient with this skill, important
information can be obtained which may aid in the appropriate triage and management of these
challenging eye patients.
More information about Diaton tonometer can be obtained here:
http://www.TonometerDiaton.com

All Rights Reserved. Copyright 2013


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